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Mental health difficulties and suicidal behaviours among young migrants: multicentre study of European adolescents

  • Elaine M. McMahon (a1), Paul Corcoran (a1), Helen Keeley (a2), Mary Cannon (a3), Vladimir Carli (a4), Camilla Wasserman (a5), Marco Sarchiapone (a6), Alan Apter (a7), Judit Balazs (a8), Raphaela Banzer (a9), Julio Bobes (a10), Romuald Brunner (a11), Doina Cozman (a12), Christian Haring (a13), Michael Kaess (a14), Jean-Pierre Kahn (a15), Agnes Kereszteny (a16), Ursa Mars Bitenc (a17), Bogdan Nemes (a12), Vita Poštuvan (a17), Pilar A. Sáiz (a10), Merike Sisask (a18), Alexandra Tubiana (a19), Peeter Värnik (a20), Christina W. Hoven (a21) and Danuta Wasserman (a4)...
Abstract
Background

Migration has been reported to be associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour.

Aims

To examine the prevalence of emotional and behavioural difficulties, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among migrant adolescents and their non-migrant peers.

Method

A school-based survey was completed by 11 057 European adolescents as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study.

Results

A previous suicide attempt was reported by 386 (3.6%) adolescents. Compared with non-migrants, first-generation migrants had an elevated prevalence of suicide attempts (odds ratio (OR) 2.08; 95% CI 1.32–3.26; P=0.001 for European migrants and OR 1.86; 95% CI 1.06–3.27; P=0.031 for non-European migrants) and significantly higher levels of peer difficulties. Highest levels of conduct and hyperactivity problems were found among migrants of non-European origin.

Conclusions

Appropriate mental health services and school-based supports are required to meet the complex needs of migrant adolescents.

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Copyright
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Corresponding author
Elaine McMahon, National Suicide Research Foundation, University College Cork, Room 4.28, Western Gateway Building, Cork, Ireland. Email: e.mcmahon@ucc.ie
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Mental health difficulties and suicidal behaviours among young migrants: multicentre study of European adolescents

  • Elaine M. McMahon (a1), Paul Corcoran (a1), Helen Keeley (a2), Mary Cannon (a3), Vladimir Carli (a4), Camilla Wasserman (a5), Marco Sarchiapone (a6), Alan Apter (a7), Judit Balazs (a8), Raphaela Banzer (a9), Julio Bobes (a10), Romuald Brunner (a11), Doina Cozman (a12), Christian Haring (a13), Michael Kaess (a14), Jean-Pierre Kahn (a15), Agnes Kereszteny (a16), Ursa Mars Bitenc (a17), Bogdan Nemes (a12), Vita Poštuvan (a17), Pilar A. Sáiz (a10), Merike Sisask (a18), Alexandra Tubiana (a19), Peeter Värnik (a20), Christina W. Hoven (a21) and Danuta Wasserman (a4)...
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