World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases.WHO, 2010.
Mosanya, TJ, Adelufosi, AO, Adebowale, OT, Ogunwale, A, Adebayo, OK.
Self-stigma, quality of life and schizophrenia: an outpatient clinic survey in Nigeria. Int J Soc Psychiatry
2014; 60(4): 377–86.
Adeosun, II, Adegbohun, AA, Jeje, OO, Adewumi, TA.
Experiences of discrimination by people with schizophrenia in Lagos, Nigeria. J Public Ment Health
2014; 13(4): 189–96.
Lasebikan, V, Ayinde, O.
Family burden in caregivers of schizophrenia patients: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. Indian J Psychol Med
2013; 35(1): 60–6.
Birchwood, M, Todd, P, Jackson, C.
Early intervention in psychosis. The critical period hypothesis. Br J Psychiatry Suppl
1998; 172(33): 53–9.
McGlashan, TH, Johannessen, JO.
Early detection and intervention with schizophrenia: rationale. Schizophr Bull
1996; 22(2): 201–22.
Al Fayez, H, Lappin, J, Murray, R, Boydell, J.
Duration of untreated psychosis and pathway to care in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Early Interv Psychiatry
2017; 11(1): 47–56.
Adeosun, I, Adegbohun, A, Adewumi, T, Jeje, O.
The pathways to the first contact with mental health services among patients with schizophrenia in Lagos, Nigeria. Schizophr Res Treat
2013; 2013: 769161.
Adelufosi, AO, Ogunwale, A, Adeponle, AB, Abayomi, O.
Pattern of attendance and predictors of default among Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia. Afr J Psychiatry
2013; 16: 283–7.
Sparr, L, Moffitt, M, Ward, M.
Missed psychiatric appointments: who returns and who stays away. Am J Psychiatry
1993; 150(5): 801–5.
Killaspy, H, Banerjee, S, King, M.
Prospective controlled study of psychiatric out-patient non-attendance: characteristics and outcome. Br J Psychiatry
2000; 176(2): 160–5.
Pang, AH, Lum, FC, Ungvari, GS, Wong, CK, Leung, YS.
A prospective outcome study of patients missing regular psychiatric outpatient appointments. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
1996; 31(5): 299–302.
Lacy, NL, Paulman, A, Reuter, MD, Lovejoy, B.
Why we don't come: patient perceptions on no-shows. Ann Fam Med
2004; 2(6): 541–5.
Downer, SR, Meara, JG, Da Costa, AC.
Use of SMS text messaging to improve outpatient attendance. Med J Aust
2005; 183(7): 366–8.
Geraghty, M, Glynn, F, Amin, M, Kinsella, J.
Patient mobile telephone ‘text’ reminder: a novel way to reduce non-attendance at the ENT out-patient clinic. J Laryngol Otol
2008; 122(3): 296–8.
Nosé, M, Barbui, C, Tansella, M.
How often do patients with psychosis fail to adhere to treatment programmes? A systematic review. Psychol Med
2003; 33(7): 1149–60.
Kruse, GR, Rohland, BM.
Factors associated with attendance at a first appointment after discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Psychiatr Serv
2002; 53(4): 473–6.
Sims, H, Sanghara, H, Hayes, D, Wandiembe, S, Finch, M, Jakobsen, H, et al.
Text message reminders of appointments: a pilot intervention at four community mental health clinics in London. Psychiatr Serv
2012; 63(2): 161–8.
Sheehan, DV, Lecrubier, Y, Sheehan, KH, Amorim, P, Janavs, J, Weiller, E, et al.
The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10. J Clin Psychiatry
1998; 59(Suppl 2): 22–33–57.
Ogebe, O, Abdulmalik, J, Bello-Mojeed, M, Holder, N, Jones, H, Ogun, OO, et al.
A comparison of the prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and comorbidities among adolescents in the United States of America and Nigeria. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
2011; 24(6): 397–403.
Lykke, J, Hesse, M, Austin, SF, Oestrich, I.
Validity of the BPRS, the BDI and the BAI in dual diagnosis patients. Addict Behav
2008; 33(2): 292–300.
Norman, R, Malla, A.
Duration of untreated psychosis: a critical examination of the concept and its importance. Psychol Med
2001; 31: 381–400.
Akhigbe, S, Morakinyo, O, Lawani, A, James, B, Omoaregba, J.
Prevalence and correlates of missed first appointments among outpatients at a psychiatric hospital in Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res
2014; 4(5): 763–8.
Mitchell, AJ, Selmes, T.
Why don't patients attend their appointments? Maintaining engagement with psychiatric services. Adv Psychiatr Treat
2007; 13(6): 423–34.
Primary care patients who refuse specialized mental health services. Arch Intern Med
1991; 151(1): 129–32.
Leon, AC, Portera, L, Weissman, MM.
The social costs of anxiety disorders. Br J Psychiatry
1995; 166(Suppl. 27): 19–22.
Bifftu, BB, Dachew, BA.
Perceived stigma and associated factors among people with schizophrenia at Amanuel mental specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional institution based study. Psychiatry J
2014; 2014: 694565.
Sartorius, N, Thornicroft, G, Brohan, E.
Self-stigma, empowerment and perceived discrimination among people with schizophrenia in 14 European countries: the GAMIAN-Europe study. Schizophr Res
2010; 122(1–3): 232–8.
Edlund, M, Wang, P, Berglund, P, Katz, S, Lin, E, Kessler, R.
Dropping out of mental health treatment: patterns and predictors among epidemiological survey respondents in the United States and Ontario. Am J Psychiatry
2002; 159: 845–51.
Morlino, M, Buonocore, M, Calento, A, Ravel, MG, Schiavone, V.
First contact with psychiatric services: who leaves and who remains. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
2009; 31(4): 367–75.
Saravanan, B, Jacob, KS, Johnson, S, Prince, M, Bhugra, D, David, AS.
Outcome of first-episode schizophrenia in India: longitudinal study of effect of insight and psychopathology. Br J Psychiatry
2010; 196(6): 454–9.
da Costa, TM, Salomão, PL, Martha, AS, Pisa, IT, Sigulem, D.
The impact of short message service text messages sent as appointment reminders to patients’ cell phones at outpatient clinics in São Paulo, Brazil. Int J Med Inform
2010; 79(1): 65–70.
WHO and Ministry of Health. WHO-AIMS Report on Mental Health System in Nigeria. WHO, 2006.
Mental Health Leadership and Advocacy Programme. Mental Health Situation Analysis in Nigeria. mhLAP, 2012.