6 I am very grateful to Professors Rivet and Smith for helpful correspondence concerning this place-name. For information on the Aramaic terms discussed below and for full and generous advice, I am indebted to Dr A.D.H. Bivar. None of these are responsible for or necessarily agree with what has emerged.
7Oc. xl. 22.
9Shorter, D.C., Britannia, iv (1973), 206–9
10 Amm. Marc. xxv. 7. 11
11 See now Rivet, A.L.F. and Smith, C., The Place Names of Roman Britain (1979), 256.
12Dore, J.N. and Gillam, J.P., The Roman Fort at South Shields (1979), 59–70.