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  • Cited by 5
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    DeArce, Miguel 2012. The natural history review(1854–1865). Archives of Natural History, Vol. 39, Issue. 2, p. 253.

    TOAL, CIARAN 2012. Preaching at the British Association for the Advancement of Science: sermons, secularization and the rhetoric of conflict in the 1870s. The British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 45, Issue. 01, p. 75.

    DeYoung, Ursula 2011. A Vision of Modern Science.

    Snyder, Laura J. 2008. Handbook of the History of Logic - British Logic in the Nineteenth Century.

    Gay, Hannah 2000. ‘Pillars of the College’: Assistants at The Royal College of Chemistry, 1846–1871. Ambix, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 135.

  • The British Journal for the History of Science, Volume 9, Issue 1
  • March 1976, pp. 39-66

The Scientists' Declaration: Reflexions on Science and Belief in the Wake of Essays and Reviews, 1864–5

  • W. H. Brock (a1) and R. M. Macleod (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2009

During the decades following the publication of Darwin's Origin of species in 1859, religious belief in England and in particular the Church of England experienced some of the most intense criticism in its history. The early 1860s saw the appearance of Lyell's Evidence of the antiquity of man (1863), Tylor's research on the early history of mankind (1863), Renan's Vie de Jésus (1863), Pius IX's encyclical, Quanta cura, and the accompanying Syllabus errarum, John Henry Newman's Apologia (1864), and Swinburne's notorious Atalanta in Calydon (1865); it was in this period also that Arthur Stanley was appointed Dean of Westminster, and that Bills were introduced in Parliament to amend or repeal the ‘Test Acts’ as they affected universities. They were the years that witnessed Lyell present the case for geology at the British Association at Bath (1864), the first meeting of the X-Club (1864), and the award of the Royal Society's Copley Medal to Charles Darwin. These were the years in which, as Owen Chadwick has put it, ‘the controversy between “science” and “religion” took fire’.

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Samuel Butler , Erewhon (London, 1872)

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