Hostname: page-component-cd4964975-598jt Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-03-29T14:36:50.868Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Potato consumption is not associated with elevated cardiometabolic risk in adolescent girls

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 September 2021

Ioanna Yiannakou
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Mengjie Yuan
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Richard Taylor Pickering
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Martha R. Singer
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Lynn L. Moore*
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
*Corresponding author: Lynn L. Moore, email


We examined the association between potato consumption in two different age periods during adolescence and risk of obesity and cardiometabolic dysfunction in White and Black girls. We used data from the biracial prospective National Growth and Health Study. Average potato consumption was derived from multiple 3-d food records in two age periods, 9–11 and 9–17 years, and included white and sweet potatoes from all sources. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate OR for becoming overweight, developing prehypertension, elevated TAG levels or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) at 18–20 years of age according to the category of daily potato intake. We also stratified by cooking method (fried/non-fried) and race. ANCOVA was also used to estimate adjusted mean levels of BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, log-transformed TAG, the TAG:HDL ratio and fasting glucose levels associated with potato intake category. Higher potato consumption was associated with higher fruit and non-starchy vegetable intakes and higher Healthy Eating Index scores in Black girls. There were no statistically significant associations overall between moderate or higher (v. lower) intakes of potatoes and risks of overweight, prehypertension, elevated fasting TAG, high TAG:HDL ratio or IFG. Also, no adverse associations were found between fried or non-fried potato intake and cardiometabolic outcomes. Potato consumption has been the subject of much controversy in recent years. This study adds evidence that potato consumption among healthy girls during the critical period of adolescence was not associated with cardiometabolic risk.

Research Article
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Camire, ME, Kubow, S & Donnelly, DJ (2009) Potatoes and human health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 49, 823840.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services & U.S. Department of Agriculture (2015) 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th ed. (accessed September 2021).Google Scholar
Roberts, SB & Heyman, MB (2000) Dietary composition and obesity: do we need to look beyond dietary fat? J Nutr 130, 267S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borch, D, Juul-Hindsgaul, N, Veller, M, et al. (2016) Potatoes and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy adults: a systematic review of clinical intervention and observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr 104, 489498.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Williams, DE, Cadwell, BL, Cheng, YJ, et al. (2005) Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and its relationship with cardiovascular disease risk factors in US adolescents, 1999–2000. Pediatrics 116, 11221126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olsho, LEW & Fernandes, MM (2013) Relationship of white potato to other vegetable consumption by schoolchildren and adolescents in the U.S.A: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2008. Public Health Nutr 16, 19331936.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Freedman, MR & Keast, DR (2011) White potatoes, including French fries, contribute shortfall nutrients to children’s and adolescents’ diets. Nutr Res 31, 270277.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nicklas, TA, Liu, Y, Islam, N, et al. (2016) Removing potatoes from children’s diets may compromise potassium intake. Adv Nutr 7, 247S253S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Buendia, JR, Bradlee, ML, Daniels, SR, et al. (2015) Longitudinal effects of dietary sodium and potassium on blood pressure in adolescent girls. JAMA Pediatr 169, 560568.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moore, LL, Bradlee, ML, Singer, MR, et al. (2012) Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating pattern and risk of elevated blood pressure in adolescent girls. Br J Nutr 108, 16781685.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shi, L, Krupp, D & Remer, T (2014) Salt, fruit and vegetable consumption and blood pressure development: a longitudinal investigation in healthy children. Br J Nutr 111, 662671.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moore, LL, Singer, MR, Bradlee, ML, et al. (2005) Intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products in early childhood and subsequent blood pressure change. Epidemiology 16, 411.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morrison, JA (1992) Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in black and white girls: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Am J Public Health 82, 16131620.Google Scholar
Willett, W (2012) Nutritional Epidemiology, 3rd ed. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Obarzanek, E, Schreiber, GB, Crawford, PB, et al. (1994) Energy intake and physical activity in relation to indexes of body fat: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 60, 1522.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schakel, SF, Sievert, YA & Buzzard, IM (1988) Sources of data for developing and maintaining a nutrient database. J Am Dietetic Assoc 88, 12681271.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bowman, SA & Friday, JE (2008) MyPyramid Equivalents Database, 2·0 For USDA Survey Foods, 2003–2004: Documentation and User Guide. (accessed May 2021).Google Scholar
Ogden, CL, Kuczmarski, RJ, Flegal, KM, et al. (2002) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version. Pediatrics 109, 4560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents (2004) The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 114, 555576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pacifico, L, Bonci, E, Andreoli, G, et al. (2014) Association of serum triglyceride-to-HDL cholesterol ratio with carotid artery intima-media thickness, insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 24, 737743.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Quijada, Z, Paoli, M, Zerpa, Y, et al. (2008) The triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol ratio as a marker of cardiovascular risk in obese children; association with traditional and emergent risk factors. Pediatr Diabetes 9, 464471.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Urbina, EM, Khoury, PR, McCoy, CE, et al. (2013) Triglyceride to HDL-C ratio and increased arterial stiffness in children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatrics 131, e1082e1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giannini, C, Santoro, N, Caprio, S, et al. (2011) The Triglyceride-to-HDL Cholesterol Ratio: association with insulin resistance in obese youths of different ethnic backgrounds. Diabetes Care 34, 18691874.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dobiášová, M (2004) Atherogenic index of plasma (Log(Triglycerides/HDL-Cholesterol)): theoretical and practical implications. Clin Chem 50, 11131115.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bonito, PD, Moio, N, Scilla, C, et al. (2012) Usefulness of the high triglyceride-to-HDL cholesterol ratio to identify cardiometabolic risk factors and preclinical signs of organ damage in outpatient children. Diabetes Care 35, 158162.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berz, JPB, Singer, MR, Guo, X, et al. (2011) Use of a DASH food group score to predict excess weight gain in adolescent girls in the National Growth and Health Study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165, 540546.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, TJ (1990) The LMS method for constructing normalized growth standards. Eur J Clin Nutr 44, 4560.Google ScholarPubMed
Krebs-Smith, SM, Pannucciet, TE, Subaral, AF, et al. (2018) Update of the Healthy Eating Index: HEI-2015. J Acad Nutr Diet 118, 15911602.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Health and Medicine Division, Food and Nutrition Board, et al. (2019) Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium. Washington, DC: National Academies Press (US).Google Scholar
Heidari-Beni, M, Golshahi, J, Esmaillzadeh, A, et al. (2015) Potato consumption as high glycemic index food, blood pressure, and body mass index among Iranian adolescent girls. ARYA Atheroscler 11, 8187.Google ScholarPubMed
Field, AE, Gillman, MW, Rosner, B, et al. (2003) Association between fruit and vegetable intake and change in body mass index among a large sample of children and adolescents in the United States. Int J Obes 27, 821826.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Akilen, R, Deljoomanesh, N, Hunschede, S, et al. (2016) The effects of potatoes and other carbohydrate side dishes consumed with meat on food intake, glycemia and satiety response in children. Nutr Diabetes 6, e195e195.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Larsson, SC & Wolk, A (2016) Potato consumption and risk of cardiovas`cular disease: 2 prospective cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr 104, 12451252.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Halton, TL, Willett, WC, Liu, S, et al. (2006) Potato and French fry consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 284290.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borgi, L, Rimm, EB, Willett, WC, et al. (2016) Potato intake and incidence of hypertension: results from three prospective US cohort studies. BMJ 353, i2351.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hätönen, KA, Virtamo, J, Eriksson, JG, et al. (2011) Protein and fat modify the glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to a mashed potato-based meal. Br J Nutr 106, 248253.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McGill, CR, Kurilich, AC & Davignon, J (2013) The role of potatoes and potato components in cardiometabolic health: a review. Ann Med 45, 467473.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Akyol, H, Riciputi, Y, Capanoglu, E, et al. (2016) Phenolic compounds in the potato and its byproducts: an overview. Int J Mol Sci 17, 835.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kubow, S, Hobson, L, Iskandar, MM, et al. (2014) Extract of Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) decreases body weight gain and adiposity and improves glucose control in the mouse model of diet-induced obesity. Mol Nutr Food Res 58, 22352238.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Poppitt, SD, Swann, D, Black, AE, et al. (1998) Assessment of selective under-reporting of food intake by both obese and non-obese women in a metabolic facility. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22, 303311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Yiannakou et al. supplementary material

Yiannakou et al. supplementary material 1

Download Yiannakou et al. supplementary material(File)
File 33 KB
Supplementary material: File

Yiannakou et al. supplementary material

Yiannakou et al. supplementary material 2

Download Yiannakou et al. supplementary material(File)
File 34 KB