1 J Ishihara , T Sobue , S Yamamoto , et al. (2003) Demographics, lifestyles, health characteristics, and dietary intake among dietary supplement users in Japan. Int J Epidemiol 32, 546–553.
2 BJ Lyle , JA Mares-Perlman , BE Klein , et al. (1998) Supplement users differ from nonusers in demographic, lifestyle, dietary and health characteristics. J Nutr 128, 2355–2362.
3 SA McNaughton , GD Mishra , AA Paul , et al. (2005) Supplement use is associated with health status and health-related behaviors in the 1946 British birth cohort. J Nutr 135, 1782–1789.
4 RE Patterson , ML Neuhouser , E White , et al. (1998) Cancer-related behavior of vitamin supplement users. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 7, 79–81.
5 CL Rock (2007) Multivitamin–multimineral supplements: who uses them? Am J Clin Nutr 85, 277S–279S.
6 J Satia-Abouta , AR Kristal , RE Patterson , et al. (2003) Dietary supplement use and medical conditions: the VITAL study. Am J Prev Med 24, 43–51.
7 G Block , CD Jensen , EP Norkus , et al. (2007) Usage patterns, health, and nutritional status of long-term multiple dietary supplement users: a cross-sectional study. Nutr J 6, 30.
8 RE Patterson , ML Neuhouser , MM Hedderson , et al. (2003) Changes in diet, physical activity, and supplement use among adults diagnosed with cancer. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 323–328.
9 E Riboli (2001) The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): plans and progress. J Nutr 131, 170S–175S.
10 H Boeing , A Korfmann & MM Bergmann (1999) Recruitment procedures of EPIC-Germany. European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Ann Nutr Metab 43, 205–215.
11 NJ Wareham , RW Jakes , KL Rennie , et al. (2003) Validity and repeatability of a simple index derived from the Short Physical Activity Questionnaire used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Public Health Nutr 6, 407–413.
12 R Beitz , GB Mensink , B Fischer , et al. (2002) Vitamins – dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 539–545.
13 A Reinert , S Rohrmann , N Becker , et al. (2007) Lifestyle and diet in people using dietary supplements: a German cohort study. Eur J Nutr 46, 165–173.
14 M Touvier , E Kesse , JL Volatier , et al. (2006) Dietary and cancer-related behaviors of vitamin/mineral dietary supplement users in a large cohort of French women. Eur J Nutr 45, 205–214.
15 LS Balluz , CA Okoro , BA Bowman , et al. (2005) Vitamin or supplement use among adults, behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 13 states, 2001. Public Health Rep 120, 117–123.
16 S Schwarzpaul , A Strassburg , PM Luhrmann , et al. (2006) Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements in an elderly German population. Ann Nutr Metab 50, 155–162.
17 SM Yu , MD Kogan & ZJ Huang (2003) Vitamin–mineral supplement use among US women, 2000. J Am Med Womens Assoc 58, 157–164.
18 SF Kirk , JE Cade , JH Barrett , et al. (1999) Diet and lifestyle characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in women. Public Health Nutr 2, 69–73.
19 AF Subar & G Block (1990) Use of vitamin and mineral supplements: demographics and amounts of nutrients consumed. The 1987 Health Interview Survey. Am J Epidemiol 132, 1091–1101.
20 VK Knudsen , LB Rasmussen , J Haraldsdottir , et al. (2002) Use of dietary supplements in Denmark is associated with health and former smoking. Public Health Nutr 5, 463–468.
21 I Kim , DF Williamson , T Byers , et al. (1993) Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort. Am J Public Health 83, 546–550.
22 K Radimer , B Bindewald , J Hughes , et al. (2004) Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2000. Am J Epidemiol 160, 339–349.
23 M Burger , A Brönstrup & K Pietrzik (2004) Derivation of tolerable upper alcohol intake levels in Germany: a systematic review of risks and benefits of moderate alcohol consumption. Prev Med 39, 111–127.
24 P Marques-Vidal , D Arveiler , A Evans , et al. (2000) Patterns of alcohol consumption in middle-aged men from France and Northern Ireland. The PRIME study. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 321–328.
25 NR Nielsen , P Schnohr , G Jensen , et al. (2004) Is the relationship between type of alcohol and mortality influenced by socio-economic status? J Intern Med 255, 280–288.
26 LM Ferrucci , R McCorkle , T Smith , et al. (2009) Factors related to the use of dietary supplements by cancer survivors. J Altern Complement Med 15, 673–680.
27 P Miller , W Demark-Wahnefried , DC Snyder , et al. (2008) Dietary supplement use among elderly, long-term cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv 2, 138–148.
28 E Frank , A Bendich & M Denniston (2000) Use of vitamin–mineral supplements by female physicians in the United States. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 969–975.
29 RA Harrison , D Holt , DJ Pattison , et al. (2004) Are those in need taking dietary supplements? A survey of 21 923 adults. Br J Nutr 91, 617–623.