Hostname: page-component-546b4f848f-hhr79 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-05-31T20:04:32.141Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Dietary behaviours and sociocultural demographics in Northern Ireland

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

M. E. Barker
Centre for Applied Health Studies, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland BT52 ISA
S. I. McClean
Centre for Applied Health Studies, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland BT52 ISA
K. A. Thompson
Centre for Applied Health Studies, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland BT52 ISA
N. G. Reid
Centre for Applied Health Studies, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland BT52 ISA
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]


HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Subjects aged 16–64 years (592; 258 men and 334 women), randomly selected from the population of Northern Ireland, kept a 7 d weighed record of all food and drink consumed. Social, personal and anthropometric data were also collected. From the weighed records food consumption was described in terms of forty-one food groups. Using principal components analysis, four distinct dietary patterns were generated which were identified as a traditional diet, a cosmopolitan diet, a convenience diet and a ‘meat and two veg’ diet. These dietary patterns were then correlated with sociocultural, lifestyle and anthropometric variables. It is clear that dietary behaviour is influenced by a number of inter-related sociocultural demographics and that identifiable population groups in Northern Ireland have different dietary behaviours.

Nutritient Intakes: Models and Surveys
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1990


Barasi, M. E., Phillips, K. M. & Burr, M. L. (1985). A weighed dietary survey of women in South Wales. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 39A, 189194.Google Scholar
Barker, M. E., McClean, S. I., McKenna, P. G., Reid, N. G., Strain, J. J., Thompson, K. A., Williamson, A. P. & Wright, M. E. (1989). Diet, Lifestyle and Health in Northern Ireland. A Report to the Health Promotion Research Trust. Coleraine: University of Ulster.Google Scholar
Bingham, S. A., McNeil, N. I. & Cummings, J. H. (1981). The diet of individuals: a study of a randomly-chosen cross section of British adults in a Cambridgeshire village. British Journal of Nutrition 45, 189194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blaney, R. & MacKenzie, G. (1978). A Northern Ireland Community Health Study: Report to the Department of Health and Social Services. Belfast: Department of Community Medicine, Queen's University of Belfast.Google Scholar
Burnett, J. (1979). Plenty and Want. A Social History of Diet in England and Wales from 1815 to the Present Day. London: Scholar Press.Google Scholar
Cade, J. E. & Margetts, B. M. (1988). Nutrient sources in the English diet: quantitative data from three English towns. International Journal of Epidemiology 17, 844848.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Charles, N. & Kerr, M. (1988). Women, Food and Families. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
Ellis, J. A., Wiens, J. A., Rodell, C. F. & Anway, J. C. (1976). A conceptual model of diet selection as an ecosystem process. Journal of Theoretical Biology 60, 93108.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fehily, A. (1983). Epidemiology for nutritionists: 4, survey methods. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 38A, 270276.Google Scholar
Fehily, A., Phillips, K. M. & Sweetnam, P. M. (1984 a). A weighed dietary survey of men in Caerphilly, South Wales. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 38A, 270276.Google Scholar
Fehily, A. M., Phillips, K. M. & Yarnell, J. W. G. (1984 b). Diet, smoking, social class and body mass index in the Caerphilly Heart Disease Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 40, 827833.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gex-Fabry, M., Raymond, L. & Jeanneret, O. (1988). Multivariate analysis of dietary patterns in 939 Swiss adults. Sociodemographic parameters and alcohol consumption profiles. International Journal of Epidemiology 17, 548555.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hackett, A. F., Rugg-Gunn, A. J., Appleton, D. R. & Coombs, A. (1986). Dietary sources of energy, protein, fat and fibre in 375 English adolescents. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 40A, 176184.Google Scholar
Hara, N., Sakata, K., Masaki, N., Nagai, M., Fujita, Y., Hashimoto, T. & Yanagawa, H. (1985). Statistical analyses of food consumption and digestive-tract cancers in Japan. Nutrition and Cancer 6, 220228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirayama, T. (1985). Mortality in Japanese with life-styles similar to Seventh-Day Adventists: strategy for risk reduction by life-style modification. National Cancer Institute Monograph no. 69, pp. 143153. Bethesda Maryland: published jointly by US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institute of Health and the National Cancer Institute.Google Scholar
Jellife, D. B. (1967). Parallel food classifications in developing and industrialized countries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20, 279281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, S. (1983). Trends in meal planning and eating habits. In Food and People, pp. 4365 [Turner, M. B., editor]. London: John Libbey and Co.Google Scholar
Kish, L. (1965). Survey Sampling. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
McKenzie, J. (1974). The impact of economic and social status on food choice. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 33, 6773.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marr, J. W. (1971). Individual dietary surveys: purposes and methods. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 13, 105164.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Office of Population, Censuses and Surveys (1980). Classification of Occupations. London: H.M. Stationery Office.Google Scholar
Passim, H. & Bennet, J. W. (1943). Social process and dietary change. In The Problem of Changing Food Habits. Bulletin no. 108, p. 113. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
Policy Planning and Research Unit (1982). Drinking Practices in Northern Ireland: a Survey Carried Out on Behalf of The Department of Health and Social Services (NI) [Harbinson, J. and Haire, J., editors]. Belfast: Department of Finance and Personnel.Google Scholar
Schwerin, H. A., Stanton, J. L., Riley, A. M., Schaefer, A. E., Leveille, G. A., Elliott, J. G., Warwick, K. M. & Brett, B. E. (1981). Food eating patterns and health: a re-examination of the Ten-State and HANES 1 surveys. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34, 568580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scherwin, H. S., Stanton, J. L., Smith, J. L., Riley, A. M. & Brett, B. E. (1982). Food, eating habits and health: a further examination of the relationship between food eating patterns and nutritional health. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 35, 13191325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SPSSX (1983). SPSSX User's Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Thomson, M., Fulton, M., Wood, D. A., Brown, S., Elton, R. A., Birtwhistle, A. & Oliver, M. F. (1985). A comparison of the nutrient intake of some Scotsmen with dietary recommendations. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 39A, 443455.Google Scholar