This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1AG Renehan , M Tyson , M Egger , et al. (2008) Body-mass index and incidence of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Lancet 371, 569–578.
2KM Flegal , BI Graubard , DF Williamson , et al. (2007) Cause-specific excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. JAMA 298, 2028–2037.
3H Jia & EI Lubetkin (2005) The impact of obesity on health-related quality-of-life in the general adult US population. J Public Health (Oxf) 27, 156–164.
4GA Berrington de , P Hartge , JR Cerhan , et al. (2010) Body-mass index and mortality among 1·46 million white adults. N Engl J Med 363, 2211–2219.
5L Sjostrom , K Narbro , CD Sjostrom , et al. (2007) Effects of bariatric surgery on mortality in Swedish obese subjects. N Engl J Med 357, 741–752.
6TD Adams , RE Gress , SC Smith , et al. (2007) Long-term mortality after gastric bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 357, 753–761.
7L Sjostrom , A Gummesson , CD Sjostrom , et al. (2009) Effects of bariatric surgery on cancer incidence in obese patients in Sweden (Swedish Obese Subjects Study): a prospective, controlled intervention trial. Lancet Oncol 10, 653–662.
8ML Dansinger , JA Gleason , JL Griffith , et al. (2005) Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, and Zone diets for weight loss and heart disease risk reduction: a randomized trial. JAMA 293, 43–53.
9PA Dyson (2010) The therapeutics of lifestyle management on obesity. Diabetes Obes Metab 12, 941–946.
10FM Sacks , GA Bray , VJ Carey , et al. (2009) Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates. N Engl J Med 360, 859–873.
11D Mozaffarian , T Hao , EB Rimm , et al. (2011) Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med 364, 2392–2404.
12LB Goldstein , R Adams , MJ Alberts , et al. (2006) Primary prevention of ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council: cosponsored by the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease Interdisciplinary Working Group; Cardiovascular Nursing Council; Clinical Cardiology Council; Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism Council; and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation 113, e873–e923.
18JI Mann , I De Leeuw , K Hermansen , et al. (2004) Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14, 373–394.
21C Martins , M Strommen , OA Stavne , et al. (2011) Bariatric surgery versus lifestyle interventions for morbid obesity-changes in body weight, risk factors and comorbidities at 1 year. Obes Surg 21, 841–849.
23M Kruseman , A Leimgruber , F Zumbach , et al. (2010) Dietary, weight, and psychological changes among patients with obesity, 8 years after gastric bypass. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 527–534.
24T Olbers , S Bjorkman , A Lindroos , et al. (2006) Body composition, dietary intake, and energy expenditure after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty: a randomized clinical trial. Ann Surg 244, 715–722.
25MM Finucane , GA Stevens , MJ Cowan , et al. (2011) National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9·1 million participants. Lancet 377, 557–567.
26D Hofso , T Jenssen , J Bollerslev , et al. (2009) Anthropometric characteristics and type 2 diabetes in extremely obese Caucasian subjects: a cross-sectional study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 86, e9–e11.
27D Hofso , N Nordstrand , LK Johnson , et al. (2010) Obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors after weight loss: a clinical trial comparing gastric bypass surgery and intensive lifestyle intervention. Eur J Endocrinol 163, 735–745.
28LF Andersen , K Solvoll , LR Johansson , et al. (1999) Evaluation of a food frequency questionnaire with weighed records, fatty acids, and alpha-tocopherol in adipose tissue and serum. Am J Epidemiol 150, 75–87.
30ET Aasheim , LK Johnson , D Hofso , et al. (2011) Vitamin status after gastric bypass and lifestyle intervention: a comparative prospective study. Surg Obes Relat Dis 8, 169–175.
32ML Klem , RR Wing , CC Chang , et al. (2000) A case–control study of successful maintenance of a substantial weight loss: individuals who lost weight through surgery versus those who lost weight through non-surgical means. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 573–579.
33DS Bond , S Phelan , TM Leahey , et al. (2009) Weight-loss maintenance in successful weight losers: surgical vs non-surgical methods. Int J Obes 33, 173–180.
34JR Thomas , F Gizis & E Marcus (2010) Food selections of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients up to 2·5 years postsurgery. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 608–612.
35K Fujioka (2005) Follow-up of nutritional and metabolic problems after bariatric surgery. Diabetes Care 28, 481–484.
36L Aills , J Blankenship , C Buffington , et al. (2008) ASMBS allied health nutritional guidelines for the surgical weight loss patient. Surg Obes Relat Dis 4, S73–S108.
37L Lissner , RP Troiano , D Midthune , et al. (2007) OPEN about obesity: recovery biomarkers, dietary reporting errors and BMI. Int J Obes (Lond) 31, 956–961.