Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 36
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Araújo, Diego D. Amorim, Alessandro B. Saleh, Mayra A.D. Curcelli, Felipe Perdigón, Pedro L. Bicudo, Silvio J. and Berto, Dirlei A. 2016. Nutritional evaluation of integral cassava root silages for growing pigs. Animal Nutrition, Vol. 2, Issue. 3, p. 149.

    Li, Yinghui Wei, Hongkui Li, Fengna Chen, Shuai Duan, Yehui Guo, Qiuping Liu, Yingying and Yin, Yulong 2016. Supplementation of branched-chain amino acids in protein-restricted diets modulates the expression levels of amino acid transporters and energy metabolism associated regulators in the adipose tissue of growing pigs. Animal Nutrition, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 24.

    Li, Y. H. Li, F. N. Wu, L. Liu, Y. Y. Wei, H. K. Li, T. J. Tan, B. E. Kong, X. F. Wu, F. Duan, Y. H. Oladele, O. A. and Yin, Y. L. 2016. Reduced dietary protein level influences the free amino acid and gene expression profiles of selected amino acid transceptors in skeletal muscle of growing pigs. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, p. n/a.

    Liu, Hua Wan, Haifeng Xu, Shengyu Fang, Zhengfeng Lin, Yan Che, Lianqiang Li, Jian Li, Yong Su, Xiang and Wu, De 2016. Influence of extrusion of corn and broken rice on energy content and growth performance of weaning pigs. Animal Science Journal, p. n/a.

    Ni, Hengjia Lu, Lu Deng, Jinpin Fan, Wenjun Li, Tiejun and Yao, Jiming 2016. Effects of Glutamate and Aspartate on Serum Antioxidative Enzyme, Sex Hormones, and Genital Inflammation in Boars Challenged with Hydrogen Peroxide. Mediators of Inflammation, Vol. 2016, p. 1.

    Ugwuanyi, J.O. 2016. Agro-Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production.

    Yu, Changning Li, Yanjiao Zhang, Bolin Lin, Meng Li, Jiaolong Zhang, Lin Wang, Tianjiao Gao, Feng and Zhou, Guanghong 2016. Suppression of mTOR Signaling Pathways in Skeletal Muscle of Finishing Pigs by Increasing the Ratios of Ether Extract and Neutral Detergent Fiber at the Expense of Starch in Iso-energetic Diets. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 64, Issue. 7, p. 1557.

    Amaral, N. O. Amaral, L. G. M. Cantarelli, V. S. Fialho, E. T. Zangeronimo, M. G. and Rodrigues, P. B. 2015. Influence of maize particle size on the kinetics of starch digestion in the small intestine of growing pigs. Animal Production Science, Vol. 55, Issue. 10, p. 1250.

    Castillo, Sergio and Gatlin, Delbert M. 2015. Dietary supplementation of exogenous carbohydrase enzymes in fish nutrition: A review. Aquaculture, Vol. 435, p. 286.

    Emmanuel, Ntiranyibagira Patil, Niteen V. Bhagwat, Shekbar R. Lateef, Abdul Xu, Kang and Liu, Hongnan 2015. Effects of different levels of urea supplementation on nutrient intake and growth performance in growing camels fed roughage based complete pellet diets. Animal Nutrition, Vol. 1, Issue. 4, p. 356.

    Li, L. Zhang, P. Zheng, P. Bao, Z. Wang, Y. and Huang, F.R. 2015. Hepatic cumulative net appearance of amino acids and related gene expression response to different protein diets in pigs. Livestock Science, Vol. 182, p. 11.

    Ren, Wenkai Yin, Jie Gao, Wei Chen, Shuai Duan, Jielin Liu, Gang Li, Tiejun Li, Nengzhang Peng, Yuanyi and Yin, Yulong 2015. Metabolomics study of metabolic variations in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli-infected piglets. RSC Adv., Vol. 5, Issue. 73, p. 59550.

    Ren, W. Zhang, A.Z. Jiang, N. Zhu, S. Zhao, F.F. Wu, Q. Liu, W. Wang, L.X. Cai, P. Wang, F.M. and Mu, Y. 2015. Effects of different amylose to amylopectin ratios on serum indices related to glucose metabolism and glucose transporter expression in fattening lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, Vol. 202, p. 106.

    Xiong, Xia Yang, Huansheng Li, Biao Liu, Gang Huang, Ruilin Li, Fengna Liao, Peng Zhang, Yuzhe Martin Nyachoti, Charles and Deng, Dun 2015. Dietary supplementation with yeast product improves intestinal function, and serum and ileal amino acid contents in weaned piglets. Livestock Science, Vol. 171, p. 20.

    Yang, Can Chen, Daiwen Yu, Bing Huang, Zhiqing Mao, Xiangbing Yu, Jie Zheng, Ping and He, Jun 2015. Effect of dietary amylose/amylopectin ratio on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat quality in finishing pigs. Meat Science, Vol. 108, p. 55.

    Zhao, Xiangjie Li, Lin Luo, Qiulan Ye, Mingqiang Luo, Guoqing and Kuang, Zheshi 2015. Effects of mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf polysaccharides on growth performance, diarrhea, blood parameters, and gut microbiota of early-weanling pigs. Livestock Science, Vol. 177, p. 88.

    Giuberti, Gianluca Gallo, Antonio Masoero, Francesco Ferraretto, Luiz Felipe Hoffman, Patrick C. and Shaver, Randy D. 2014. Factors affecting starch utilization in large animal food production system: A review. Starch - Stärke, Vol. 66, Issue. 1-2, p. 72.

    Gong, J. Yin, F. Hou, Y. and Yin, Y. 2014. Review: Chinese herbs as alternatives to antibiotics in feed for swine and poultry production: Potential and challenges in application. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 94, Issue. 2, p. 223.

    HE, Yu-yong MA, Pen LIU, Xiao-lan WANG, Ren-hua and LU, Wei 2014. Effect of Different Initial pH on the Storage Characteristics and Shelf Life of Liquid Diet for Suckling and Weanling Piglets. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. 134.

    Xiong, X. Yang, H.S. Li, L. Wang, Y.F. Huang, R.L. Li, F.N. Wang, S.P. and Qiu, W. 2014. Effects of antimicrobial peptides in nursery diets on growth performance of pigs reared on five different farms. Livestock Science, Vol. 167, p. 206.


Digestion rate of dietary starch affects systemic circulation of amino acids in weaned pigs

  • Fugui Yin (a1), Zhenzhen Zhang (a1) (a2), Ju Huang (a1) and Yulong Yin (a1) (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 27 January 2010

The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo digestibility of dietary starch and its digestive behaviour on the systemic circulating amino acids (AA) in weaned pigs. Eighteen weanling pigs surgically fitted with a catheter in the jugular vein were randomly assigned to three dietary treatment groups. Sticky rice starch (SRS) was hydrolysed more quickly in vitro (P < 0·05) than maize starch (MS) and resistant starch (RS), and was almost completely hydrolysed within 4 h. The in vivo digestibility of dietary starch in different segments of the small intestine was significantly different. SRS was digested (81·9 %; P < 0·05) in the anterior jejunum, but not more than half of the MS and RS was digested in the same segment of the small intestine. The digestibilities of isoleucine, leucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine, alanine, aspartate and serine in the SRS group were higher than in the MS group (P < 0·05), and all nutritionally indispensable and dispensable AA in the SRS group were higher when compared with those in the RS group (P < 0·05). The serum concentrations of nutritionally indispensable AA, proline and serine in the three groups were increased to a peak point within 1·5 h postprandially then decreased gradually; however, the time that serum concentrations of alanine, aspartate, glutamate and glycine in each group increased to a peak point was different. The concentrations of nutritionally indispensable AA, including arginine, cystine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine and valine at 09.30 hours and arginine, cystine, histidine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine and valine at 13.30 hours in the SRS group were higher than in the MS group (P < 0·05); all nutritionally indispensable AA in the SRS group were higher than in the RS group at 09.30 and 13.30 hours (P < 0·05), respectively. We conclude that dietary starches digested rapidly in vitro have higher digestibility in the anterior small intestine of pigs. Diets containing rapidly digestible starch ameliorate the digestive and absorptive function and regulate AA metabolism to beneficially increase the entry of dietary AA into the systemic circulation in pigs.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Digestion rate of dietary starch affects systemic circulation of amino acids in weaned pigs
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Digestion rate of dietary starch affects systemic circulation of amino acids in weaned pigs
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Digestion rate of dietary starch affects systemic circulation of amino acids in weaned pigs
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Yulong Yin, fax +86 731 8461 2685, email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1KEB Knudsen , HN Lærke , S Steenfeldt , (2006) In vivo methods to study the digestion of starch in pigs and poultry. Anim Feed Sci Technol 130, 114135.

2J Wiseman (2006) Variations in starch digestibility in non-ruminants. Anim Feed Sci Technol 130, 6677.

4HN Englyst & GJ Hudson (1996) The classification and measurement of dietary carbohydrates. Food Chem 57, 1521.

9PV Hung & N Morita (2005) Physicochemical properties and enzymatic digestibility of starch from edible canna (Canna edulis) grown in Vietnam. Carbohydr Polym 61, 314321.

16FG Yin , YL Liu , YL Yin , (2009) Dietary supplementation with Astragalus polysaccharide enhances ileal digestibilities and serum concentrations of amino acids in early weaned piglets. Amino Acids 37, 263270.

17YL Yin , J McEvoy , H Schulze , (2000) Studies on cannulation method and alternative indigestible markers and the effects of food enzyme supplementation in barley-based diets on ileal and overall apparent digestibility in growing pigs. Anim Sci 70, 6372.

22U Lehmann & F Robin (2007) Slowly digestible starch – its structure and health implications: a review. Trends Food Sci Technol 18, 346355.

24AJ Libao-Mercado , Y Yin , J van Eys , (2006) True ileal amino acid digestibility and endogenous ileal amino acid losses in growing pigs fed wheat shorts- or casein-based diets. J Anim Sci 84, 13511361.

25T Sasaki , T Yasui & J Matsuki (2000) Effect of amylose content on gelatinization, retrogradation, and pasting properties of starches from waxy and nonwaxy wheat and their F1 seeds. Cereal Chem 77, 5863.

26P Siddhuraju & K Becker (2005) Nutritional and antinutritional composition, in vitro amino acid availability, starch digestibility and predicted glycemic index of differentially processed mucuna beans (Mucuna pruriens var. utilis): an under-utilised legume. Food Chem 91, 275286.

27P Siddhuraju , K Becker & HPS Makkar (2000) Studies on the nutritional composition and antinutritional factors of three different germplasm seed materials of an under-utilized tropical legume, Mucuna pruriens Var. Utilis. Agric Food Chem 48, 60486060.

28FN Owens , RA Zinn & YK Kim (1986) Limits to starch digestion in the ruminant small intestine. J Anim Sci 63, 16341648.

29 A Åkerberg , H Liljeberg & I Björck (1998) Effects of amylose/amylopectin ratio and baking conditions on resistant starch formation and glycaemic indices. J Cereal Sci 28, 7180.

30GY Wu , DA Knabe & NE Flynn (1994) Synthesis of citrulline from glutamine in pig enterocytes. Biochem J 299, 115121.

32LX Chen , YL Yin , WS Jobgen , (2007) In vitro oxidation of essential amino acids by intestinal mucosal cells of growing pigs. Livest Sci 109, 1923.

36WS Jobgen , SK Fried , WJ Fu , (2006) Regulatory role for the arginine–nitric oxide pathway in metabolism of energy substrates. J Nutr Biochem 17, 571588.

38S Roos , O Lagerlöf , M Wennergren , (2009) Regulation of amino acid transporters by glucose and growth factors in cultured primary human trophoblast cells is mediated by mTOR signaling. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 297, C723C731.

39G Kwon , CA Marshall , H Liu , (2006) Glucose-stimulated DNA synthesis through mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is regulated by KATP channels. J Biol Chem 281, 32613267.

40CE Gleason , D Lu , LA Witters , (2007) The role of AMPK and mTOR in nutrient sensing in pancreatic β-cells. J Biol Chem 282, 1034110351.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *