This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1S Wild , G Roglic , A Green , (2004) Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 27, 1047–1053.
7DS Ludwig (2002) The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. JAMA 287, 2414–2423.
9J Salmeron , A Ascherio , EB Rimm , (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men. Diabetes Care 20, 545–550.
10J Salmeron , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer , (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA 277, 472–477.
12J Stevens , K Ahn , Juhaeri, (2002) Dietary fiber intake and glycemic index and incidence of diabetes in African-American and white adults: the ARIC study. Diabetes Care 25, 1715–1721.
13AM Hodge , DR English , K O'Dea , (2004) Glycemic index and dietary fiber and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 27, 2701–2706.
15AW Barclay , VM Flood , E Rochtchina , (2007) Glycemic index, dietary fiber, and risk of type 2 diabetes in a cohort of older Australians. Diabetes Care 30, 2811–2813.
16S Krishnan , L Rosenberg , M Singer , (2007) Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cereal fiber intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in US black women. Arch Intern Med 167, 2304–2309.
18R Villegas , S Liu , YT Gao , (2007) Prospective study of dietary carbohydrates, glycemic index, glycemic load, and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle-aged Chinese women. Arch Intern Med 167, 2310–2316.
20BN Hopping , E Erber , A Grandinetti , (2010) Dietary fiber, magnesium, and glycemic load alter risk of type 2 diabetes in a multiethnic cohort in Hawaii. J Nutr 140, 68–74.
21I Sluijs , YT van der Schouw , AD van der , (2010) Carbohydrate quantity and quality and risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study. Am J Clin Nutr 92, 905–911.
23JP Higgins & SG Thompson (2002) Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. Stat Med 21, 1539–1558.
24R DerSimonian & N Laird (1986) Meta-analysis in clinical trials. Control Clin Trials 7, 177–188.
25CB Begg & M Mazumdar (1994) Operating characteristics of a rank correlation test for publication bias. Biometrics 50, 1088–1101.
26M Egger , G Davey Smith , M Schneider , (1997) Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test. BMJ 315, 629–634.
27C Zhang , S Liu , CG Solomon , (2006) Dietary fiber intake, dietary glycemic load, and the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 29, 2223–2230.
28FB Hu , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer , (2001) Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. N Engl J Med 345, 790–797.
30MB Schulze , M Schulz , C Heidemann , (2007) Fiber and magnesium intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 167, 956–965.
31H Du , AD van der , MM van Bakel , (2009) Dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load and subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women. Int J Obes (Lond) 33, 1280–1288.
32SB Racette , EM Evans , EP Weiss , (2006) Abdominal adiposity is a stronger predictor of insulin resistance than fitness among 50–95 year olds. Diabetes Care 29, 673–678.
33G Vazquez , S Duval , DR Jacobs Jr, (2007) Comparison of body mass index, waist circumference, and waist/hip ratio in predicting incident diabetes: a meta-analysis. Epidemiol Rev 29, 115–128.
35UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group (1998) Effect of intensive blood-glucose control with metformin on complications in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 34). Lancet 352, 854–865.
36LJ Goodyear & BB Kahn (1998) Exercise, glucose transport, and insulin sensitivity. Annu Rev Med 49, 235–261.
37CY Jeon , RP Lokken , FB Hu , (2007) Physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Care 30, 744–752.