1Bertenshaw, EJ, Lluch, A & Yeomans, MR (2009) Dose-dependent effects of beverage protein content upon short-term intake. Appetite 52, 580–587.
2Barkeling, B, Rossner, S & Bjorvell, H (1990) Effects of a high-protein meal (meat) and a high-carbohydrate meal (vegetarian) on satiety measured by automated computerized monitoring of subsequent food-intake, motivation to eat and food preferences. Int J Obes 14, 743–751.
3Johnson, J & Vickers, Z (1993) Effects of flavor and macronutrient composition of food servings on liking, hunger and subsequent intake. Appetite 21, 25–39.
4Hill, AJ & Blundell, JE (1986) Macronutrients and satiety: the effects of a high-protein or high-carbohydrate meal on subjective motivation to eat and food preferences. Nutr Behav 3, 133–144.
5Poppitt, SD, Proctor, J, McGill, AT, et al. (2011) Low-dose whey protein-enriched water beverages alter satiety in a study of overweight women. Appetite 56, 456–464.
6Akhavan, T, Luhovyy, BL & Anderson, GH (2011) Effect of drinking compared with eating sugars or whey protein on short-term appetite and food intake. Int J Obes (Lond) 35, 562–569.
7Astbury, NM, Stevenson, EJ, Morris, P, et al. (2010) Dose–response effect of a whey protein preload on within-day energy intake in lean subjects. Br J Nutr 104, 1858–1867.
8Porrini, M, Santangelo, A, Crovetti, R, et al. (1997) Weight, protein, fat and timing of preloads affect food intake. Physiol Behav 62, 563–570.
9Stubbs, RJ, van Wyk, MC, Johnstone, AM, et al. (1996) Breakfasts high in protein, fat or carbohydrate: effect on within-day appetite and energy balance. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 409–417.
10Latner, JD & Schwartz, M (1999) The effects of a high-carbohydrate, high-protein or balanced lunch upon later food intake and hunger ratings. Appetite 33, 119–128.
11Westerterp-Plantenga, MS, Nieuwenhuizen, A, Tome, D, et al. (2009) Dietary protein, weight loss, and weight maintenance. Annu Rev Nutr 29, 21–41.
12Lejeune, MP, Kovacs, EM & Westerterp-Plantenga, MS (2005) Additional protein intake limits weight regain after weight loss in humans. Br J Nutr 93, 281–289.
13Leidy, HJ, Tang, M, Armstrong, CL, et al. (2011) The effects of consuming frequent, higher protein meals on appetite and satiety during weight loss in overweight/obese men. Obesity (Silver Spring) 19, 818–824.
14Weigle, DS, Breen, PA, Matthys, CC, et al. (2005) A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 41–48.
15Batterham, RL, Heffron, H, Kapoor, S, et al. (2006) Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation. Cell Metab 4, 223–233.
16Bowen, J, Noakes, M, Trenerry, C, et al. (2006) Energy intake, ghrelin, and cholecystokinin after different carbohydrate and protein preloads in overweight men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91, 1477–1483.
17Hall, WL, Millward, DJ, Long, SJ, et al. (2003) Casein and whey exert different effects on plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and appetite. Br J Nutr 89, 239–248.
18Veldhorst, M, Smeets, A, Soenen, S, et al. (2008) Protein-induced satiety: effects and mechanisms of different proteins. Physiol Behav 94, 300–307.
19Cecil, JE, Francis, J & Read, NW (1998) Relative contributions of intestinal, gastric, oro-sensory influences and information to changes in appetite induced by the same liquid meal. Appetite 31, 377–390.
20Blundell, JE & Tremblay, A (1995) Appetite control and energy (fuel) balance. Nutr Res Rev 8, 225–242.
21Yeomans, MR & Chambers, LC (2011) Satiety-relevant sensory qualities enhance the satiating effects of mixed carbohydrate-protein preloads. Am J Clin Nutr 94, 1410–1417.
22Griffioen-Roose, S, Mars, M, Finlayson, G, et al. (2011) The effect of within-meal protein content and taste on subsequent food choice and satiety. Br J Nutr 106, 779–788.
23Bertenshaw, EJ, Lluch, A & Yeomans, MR (2008) Satiating effects of protein but not carbohydrate consumed in a between meal beverage context. Physiol Behav 93, 427–436.
24Mattes, R (2006) Fluid calories and energy balance: the good, the bad, and the uncertain. Physiol Behav 89, 66–70.
25Stunkard, AJ & Messick, S (1985) The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. J Psychosom Res 29, 71–83.
26Kissileff, HR, Kilngsberg, G & Van Italie, TB (1980) Universal eating monitor for continuous recording of solid or liquid consumption in man. Am J Physiol 238, R14–R22.
27Yeomans, MR (2000) Rating changes over the course of meals: what do they tell us about motivation to eat? Neurosci Biobehav Rev 24, 249–259.
28Rolls, BJ, Kim, S, McNelis, AL, et al. (1991) Time course of effects of preloads high in fat or carbohydrate on food-intake and hunger ratings in humans. Am J Physiol 260, R756–R763.
29Shide, D, Cabellero, B, Reidelgerger, R, et al. (1995) Accurate energy compensation for intragastric and oral nutrients in lean males. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 754–764.
30Anderson, GH, Tecimer, SN, Shah, D, et al. (2004) Protein source, quantity, and time of consumption determine the effects of proteins on short-term food intake in young men. J Nutr 134, 3011–3015.
31Veldhorst, MA, Nieuwenhuizen, AG, Hochstenbach-Waelen, A, et al. (2009) Dose-dependent satiating effect of whey relative to casein or soy. Physiol Behav 96, 675–682.
32Marmonier, C, Chapelot, D & Louis-Sylvestre, J (2000) Effects of macronutrient content and energy density of snacks consumed in a satiety state on the onset of the next meal. Appetite 34, 161–168.
33Booth, DA, Chase, A & Campbell, AT (1970) Relative effectiveness of protein in the late stages of appetite suppression in man. Physiol Behav 5, 1299–1302.
34de Graaf, C (2011) Why liquid energy results in overconsumption. Proc Nutr Soc 70, 162–170.
35de Graaf, C, Blom, WA, Smeets, PA, et al. (2004) Biomarkers of satiation and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr 79, 946–961.
36Teff, K (2006) Learning hunger: conditioned anticipatory ghrelin responses in energy homeostasis. Endocrinology 147, 20–22.
37Teff, KL (2010) Cephalic phase pancreatic polypeptide responses to liquid and solid stimuli in humans. Physiol Behav 99, 317–323.
38Woods, SC (1991) The eating paradox: how we tolerate food. Psychol Rev 98, 488–505.
39Brunstrom, JM (2011) The control of meal size in human subjects: a role for expected satiety, expected satiation and premeal planning. Proc Nutr Soc 70, 155–161.
40McCrickerd, K, Chambers, L, Brunstrom, JM, et al. (2012) Subtle changes in the flavour and texture of a drink enhance expectations of satiety. Flavour 1, 20.
41Riskey, DR, Parducci, A & Beauchamp, GK (1979) Effects of context in judgements of sweetness and pleasantness. Percept Psychophys 26, 171–176.
42Mattes, RD & Rothacker, D (2001) Beverage viscosity is inversely related to postprandial hunger in humans. Physiol Behav 74, 551–557.
43Martens, MJ, Lemmens, SG, Born, JM, et al. (2011) A solid high-protein meal evokes stronger hunger suppression than a liquefied high-protein meal. Obesity (Silver Spring) 19, 522–527.
44Russell, K & Delahunty, C (2004) The effect of viscosity and volume on pleasantness and satiating power of rice milk. Food Qual Prefer 15, 743–750.
45Juvonen, KR, Purhonen, AK, Salmenkallio-Marttila, M, et al. (2009) Viscosity of oat bran-enriched beverages influences gastrointestinal hormonal responses in healthy humans. J Nutr 139, 461–466.
46Lyly, M, Ohls, N, Lahteenmaki, L, et al. (2010) The effect of fibre amount, energy level and viscosity of beverages containing oat fibre supplement on perceived satiety. Food Nutr Res 54 ().
47Marciani, L, Gowland, PA, Spiller, RC, et al. (2001) Effect of meal viscosity and nutrients on satiety, intragastric dilution, and emptying assessed by MRI. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 280, G1227–G1233.
48Zijlstra, N, Mars, M, de Wijk, RA, et al. (2008) The effect of viscosity on ad libitum food intake. Int J Obes 32, 676–683.
49Hogenkamp, PS, Stafleu, A, Mars, M, et al. (2011) Texture, not flavor, determines expected satiation of dairy products. Appetite 57, 635–641.
50Slavin, J & Green, H (2007) Dietary fibre and satiety. Nutr Bull 32, S32–S42.
51Wanders, AJ, van den Borne, JJGC, de Graaf, C, et al. (2011) Effects of dietary fibre on subjective appetite, energy intake and body weight: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Obes Rev 12, 724–739.
52Zijlstra, N, Mars, M, de Wijk, RA, et al. (2009) Effect of viscosity on appetite and gastro-intestinal hormones. Physiol Behav 97, 68–75.
53French, SJ & Read, NW (1994) Effect of guar gum on hunger and satiety after meals of differing fat content: relationship with gastric emptying. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 87–91.
54Marciani, L, Gowland, PA, Spiller, RC, et al. (2000) Gastric response to increased meal viscosity assessed by echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging in humans. J Nutr 130, 122–127.
55Perrigue, MM, Monsivais, P & Drewnowski, A (2009) Added soluble fiber enhances the satiating power of low-energy-density liquid yogurts. J Am Diet Assoc 109, 1862–1868.
56Vandewater, K & Vickers, Z (1996) Higher-protein foods produce greater sensory-specific satiety. Physiol Behav 59, 579–583.