This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1A Ben-Haroush , Y Tyogev & M Hod (2004) Epidemiology of gestational diabetes mellitus and its association with type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med 21, 103–113.
2I Östlund , U Hanson , A Björklund , (2003) Maternal and fetal outcomes if gestational impaired glucose tolerance is not treated. Diabetes Care 26, 2107–2111.
3A Plagemann , T Harder , R Kohlhoff , (1997) Glucose tolerance and insulin secretion in children of mothers with pregestational IDDM or gestational diabetes. Diabetologia 40, 1094–1100.
4T Clausen , TK Burski , N Oyen , (2005) Maternal anthropometric and metabolic factors in the first half of pregnancy and risk of neonatal macrosomia in term pregnancies. A prospective study. Eur J Endocrinol 153, 887–894.
6G Danaei , CMM Lawes , S Vander Hoorn , (2006) Global and regional mortality from ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to higher-than-optimum blood glucose concentration: comparative risk assessment. Lancet 368, 1651–1659.
7B Ahrén (2007) Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in relation to fasting glucose in healthy subjects. Diabetes Care 30, 644–648.
8K Yamaoka & T Tango (2005) Efficacy of lifestyle education to prevent type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 28, 2780–2786.
10PJ Turnbaugh , RE Ley , MA Mahowald , (2006) An obesity-associated gut microbiome with increased capacity for energy harvest. Nature 444, 1027–1031.
11F Bäckhed , JK Manchester , CF Semenkovich , . (2007) Mechanisms underlying the resistance to diet-induced obesity in germ-free mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104, 979–984.
12SE Goldblum , TW Grann , X Ding , . (1994) Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein and soluble CD14 function as accessory molecules for LPS-induced changes in endothelial barrier function, in vitro. J Clin Invest 93, 692–702.
13B Yu , E Hailman & SD Wright (1997) Lipopolysaccharides binding protein and soluble CD14 catalyze exchange of phospholipids. J Clin Invest 99, 315–324.
14K Laitinen , U Hoppu , M Hämäläinen , (2006) Breast milk fatty acids may link innate and adaptive immune regulation: analysis of soluble CD14, prostaglandin E2 and fatty acids. Pediatr Res 59, 723–727.
16A Ouwehand , E Isolauri , PV Kirjavainen , . (2000) The mucus binding of Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 is enhanced in the presence of Lactobacillus GG and Lact. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus. Lett Appl Microbiol 30, 10–13.
19M Kalliomäki , S Salminen , H Arvilommi , . (2001) Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 357, 1076–1079.
21W Becker , N Lyhne , AN Pedersen , (2004) Nordic nutrition recommendations 2004 – integrating nutrition and physical activity. Scand J Nutr 48, 178–187.
23A Katz , SS Nambi , K Mather , (2000) Quantitative insulin sensitivy check index: a simple accurate method for assessing insulin sensitivity in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85, 2402–2410.
25CA Crowther , JE Hiller , JR Moss , (2005) Effect of treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus on pregnancy outcomes. New Engl J Med 352, 2477–2486.
26K Löbner , A Knopff , A Baumgarten , (2006) Predictors of postpartum diabetes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes 55, 792–797.
27M Tabuchi , M Ozaki , A Tamura , (2003) Antidiabetic effect of Lactobacillus GG in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 67, 1421–1424.
28T Matsuzaki , Y Nagata , S Kado , (1997) Effect of oral administration of Lactobacillus casei on alloxan-induced diabetes in mice. APMIS 105, 637–642.
29H Yadav , S Jain & PR Sinha (2007) Antidiabetic effect of probiotic dahi containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei in high-fructose fed rats. Nutrition 23, 62–68.
30H Yadav , S Jain & PR Sinha (2006) Effect of dahi containing Lactococcus lactis on the progression of diabetes induced by a high-fructose diet in rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70, 1255–1258.
31M Kalliomäki , T Poussa , S Salminen , . (2007) Probiotics during the first 7 years of life: a cumulative risk reduction of eczema in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Allergy Clin Immunol 119, 1019–1021.
33NM Delzenne & PD Cani (2005) A place for dietary fibre in the management of the metabolic syndrome. Micronutrients, neutraceutics and functional foods. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 8, 636–640.
36MJ Stampfer , FB Hu , JE Manson , (2000) Primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women through diet and lifestyle. New Engl J Med 343, 16–22.
37R Weiss , J Dziura , TS Burgert , (2004) Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. New Engl J Med 350, 2362–2374.
38RE Ley , PJ Turnbaugh , S Klein , (2006) Human gut microbes associated with obesity. Nature 444, 1022–1023.
39PD Cani , AM Neyrinck , F Fava , (2007) Selective increases of bifidobacteria in gut microflora improve high-fat-diet-induced diabetes in mice through a mechanism associated with endotoxaemia. Diabetologia 50, 2374–2383.
40SJ Creely , PG McTernan , CM Kusminski , . (2007) Lipopolysaccharide activates an innate immune system response in human adipose tissue in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292, E740–E747.