Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The concept of well-being: relevance to nutrition research

  • Andrew P. Smith (a1)
Abstract

The aim of this paper is to discuss issues that fall within the general concept of well-being, with special emphasis on approaches that have been used in studies of nutrition and behaviour. Following this, two specific studies are described in detail, the first examining high-fibre breakfast cereals and the second investigating effects of inulin. Studies of nutrition and well-being can be categorised in a number of ways. One method involves examining acute effects of nutrition on mood and cognitive functioning. Another method has been to examine cross-sectional associations between dietary habits and questionnaire measures of reported health. Examples are given showing that regular consumption of a high-fibre diet is associated with better-reported physical and mental health. The problem with such correlational studies is that it is impossible to infer causality. Intervention studies are necessary to achieve this and some examples of this approach are given. In the first study reported here, we examined whether consumption of high-fibre breakfast cereal led to an increase in energy. Such an effect was observed and plausible biological mechanisms underlying such results are described. A similar methodology has recently been used to examine the effects of inulin. In this case the results showed no negative side-effects of taking inulin but there were no beneficial effects of inulin on measures of well-being (both subjective reports and objective measures). Possible reasons for these effects are discussed.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The concept of well-being: relevance to nutrition research
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The concept of well-being: relevance to nutrition research
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The concept of well-being: relevance to nutrition research
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Professor Andrew P. Smith, fax: +44 29 20 874758, email, SmithAP@Cardiff.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D Benton & J Sargent (1992) Breakfast, blood glucose and memory. Biol Psychol 33, 207210.

AP Smith (1998) Breakfast and mental health. Int J Food Sci Nutr 49, 397402.

AP Smith (1999) Breakfast cereal consumption and subjective reports of health. Int J Food Sci Nutr 50, 445449.

AP Smith (2003) Breakfast cereal consumption and subjective reports of health by young adults. Nutr Neurosci 6, 5961.

AP Smith & C Miles (1986a) Acute effects of meals, noise and nightwork. Br J Psychol 77, 377389.

AP Smith & C Miles (1986b) Effects of lunch on cognitive vigilance tasks. Ergonomics 29, 12511261.

AP Smith & G Rees (2000) Stress, breakfast cereal consumption and susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infections. Nutr Neurosci 3, 339343.

AP Smith & N Rich (1998) Effects of consumption of snacks on simulated driving. Percept Mot Skills 87, 817818.

AP Smith , JM Rusted , P Eaton-Williams , M Savory & P Leathwood (1990) Effects of caffeine given before and after lunch on sustained attention. Neuropsychobiology 23, 160163.

AP Smith , P Brockman , R Flynn , A Maben & M Thomas (1993a) An investigation of the effects of coffee on alertness and performance during the day and night. Neuropsychobiology 27, 217233.

AP Smith , AM Kendrick & AL Maben (1993b) Effects of breakfast and caffeine on performance and mood in the late morning and after lunch. Neuropsychobiology 26, 198204.

AP Smith , AM Kendrick , AL Maben & J Salmon (1994) Effects of breakfast and caffeine on performance, mood and cardiovascular functioning. Appetite 22, 3955.

AP Smith , M Thomas , K Perry & H Whitney (1997a) Caffeine and the common cold. J Psychopharmacol 11, 319324.

AP Smith , H Whitney , M Thomas , K Perry & P Brockman (1997b) Effects of caffeine and noise on mood, performance and cardiovascular functioning. Hum Psychopharmacol 12, 2734.

AP Smith , C Bazzoni , J Beale , J Elliott-Smith & M Tiley (2001) High fibre breakfast cereals reduce fatigue. Appetite 37, 249250.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: