1 SD De Ferranti & SK Osganian (2007) Epidemiology of pediatric metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diab Vasc Dis Res 4, 285–296.
2 A Halpern , MC Mancini , ME Magalhaes , et al. (2010) Metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes in youth: from diagnosis to treatment. Diabetol Metab Syndr 2, 55.
3 A Halpern & MC Mancini (2003) Treatment of obesity: an update on anti-obesity medications. Obes Rev 4, 25–42.
4 D Giugliano , A Ceriello & K Esposito (2008) Are there specific treatments for the metabolic syndrome? Am J Clin Nutr 87, 8–11.
5 B Isomac , P Almgern , T Tuani , et al. (2001) Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care 24, 683–689.
6 R Weiss (2010) Metabolic syndrome in childhood – causes and effects. Endocr Dev 19, 62–72.
7 ES Ford , WH Giles & WH Dietz (2002) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA 287, 356–359.
8 F Azizi , P Salehi , A Etemadi , et al. (2003) Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an urban population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 61, 29–37.
9 L Azadbakht , M Kimiagar , Y Mehrabi , et al. (2007) Soy inclusion in the diet improves features of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized crossover study in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 735–741.
10 MC Mancini (2009) Metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents – criteria for diagnosis. Diabetol Metab Syndr 1, 20.
11 A Esmaillzadeh , P Mirmiran , L Azadbakht , et al. (2006) High prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Iranian adolescents. Obesity 14, 377–382.
12 SM Grundy , JI Cleeman , RD Daniels , et al. (2005) Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Scientific Statement. Circulation 112, 2735–2752.
13 SF Shenoy , WSC Poston , R Reeves , et al. (2010) Weight loss in individuals with metabolic syndrome given DASH diet counseling when provided a low sodium vegetable juice: a randomized controlled trial. Nutr J 9, 8.
14 L Azadbakht , P Mirmiran , A Esmaillzadeh , et al. (2005) Beneficial effects of a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan on features of the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care 28, 2823–2831.
15US Department of Health and Human Services (2006) Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH. Bethesda, MD: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. .
16 E Obarzanek , FM Sacks , WM Vollmer , et al. (2001) Effects on blood lipids of a blood pressure-lowering diet: the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Trial. Am J Clin Nutr 74, 80–89.
17 TJ Moore , PR Conlin , J Ard , et al. (2001) DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet is effective treatment for stage 1 isolated systolic hypertension. Hypertension 38, 155–158.
18 L Azadbakht , PJ Surkan , A Esmaillzadeh , et al. (2011) The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan affects C-reactive protein, coagulation abnormalities, and hepatic function tests among type 2 diabetic patients. J Nutr 141, 1083–1088.
19 KE Harnden , KN Frayn & L Hodson (2010) Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet: applicability and acceptability to a UK population. J Hum Nutr Diet 23, 3–10.
20 L Azadbakht , P Mirmiran , A Esmaillzadeh , et al. (2005) Dairy consumption is inversely associated with the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Tehranian adults. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 523–530.
21 Y Al-Solaiman , A Jesri , WK Mountford , et al. (2010) DASH lowers blood pressure in obese hypertensives beyond potassium, magnesium and fibre. J Hum Hypertens 24, 237–246.
22 SC Couch , BE Saelens , L Levin , et al. (2008) The efficacy of a clinic-based behavioral nutrition intervention emphasizing a DASH-type diet for adolescents with elevated blood pressure. J Pediatr 152, 494–501.
23 DK Wilson & G Ampey-Thornhill (2001) The role of gender and family support on dietary compliance in an African American adolescent hypertension prevention study. Ann Behav Med 23, 59–67.
24 R Kelishadi , G Ardalan , R Gheiratmand , et al. (2006) Paediatric metabolic syndrome and associated anthropometric indices: the CASPIAN Study. Acta Paediatr 95, 1625–1634.
26. More specific than My Plate, it pinpoints the healthiest food choices. Harv Heart Lett 22, 6.
27 L Azadbakht & A Esmaillzadeh (2012) Macro and micro-nutrients intake, food groups consumption and dietary habits among female students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iran Red Crescent Med J 14, 204–209.
28 Y Pan & CA Pratt (2008) Metabolic syndrome and its association with diet and physical activity in US adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 276–286.
29 JJ Carlson , JC Eisenmann , GJ Norman , et al. (2011) Dietary fiber and nutrient density are inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome in US adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 1688–1695.
30 AD Liese , A Bortsov , AL Günther , et al. (2011) Association of DASH diet with cardiovascular risk factors in youth with diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Circulation 123, 1410–1417.
31 LL Moore , MR Singer , ML Bradlee , et al. (2005) Intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products in early childhood and subsequent blood pressure change. Epidemiology 16, 4–11.
32 L Azadbakht , NR Fard , M Karimi , et al. (2011) Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on cardiovascular risks among type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized crossover clinical trial. Diabetes Care 34, 55–57.
33 FJ He , ND Markandu , R Coltart , et al. (2005) Effect of short-term supplementation of potassium chloride and potassium citrate on blood pressure in hypertensives. Hypertension 45, 571–574.
34 MT Streppel , LR Arends , P van't Veer , et al. (2005) Dietary fiber and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 9, 95–97.
35 P Elliott , J Stamler , R Nichol , et al. (1996) Intersalt revisited: further analyses of 24-hour sodium excretion and blood pressure within and across populations. Intersalt Cooperative Research Group. Br Med J 312, 1249–1253.
36 HO Dickinson , DJ Nicolson , JV Cook , et al. (2006) Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, issue 2 CD004639.
37 HC Bucher , RJ Cook , GH Guyatt , et al. (1996) Effects of dietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 275, 1016–1022.
38 A Esmaillzadeh & L Azadbakht (2008) Consumption of hydrogenated versus nonhydrogenated vegetable oils and risk of insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adult women. Diabetes Care 31, 223–226.
39 NC Ward , JM Hodgson , KD Croft , et al. (2005) The combination of vitamin C and grape-seed polyphenols increases blood pressure: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Hypertens 23, 427–434.
40 LV D'Uscio , S Milstein , D Richardson , et al. (2003) Long-term vitamin C treatment increases vascular tetrahydrobiopterin levels and nitric oxide synthase activity. Circ Res 92, 88–95.
41 RW Van Etten , EJ de Koning , MC Verhaar , et al. (2002) Impaired NO-dependent vasodilation in patients with type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is restored by acute administration of folate. Diabetologia 45, 1004–1010.
42 J McEneny , C Couston , B McKibben , et al. (2007) Folate: in vitro and in vivo effects on VLDL and LDL oxidation. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 77, 66–72.
43 JM Shikany , RP Phadke , DT Redden , et al. (2009) Effects of low- and high-glycemic index/glycemic load diets on coronary heart disease risk factors in overweight/obese men. Metabolism 58, 1793–1801.