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Effects of similar intakes of marine n-3 fatty acids from enriched food products and fish oil on cardiovascular risk markers in healthy human subjects

  • Bente Kirkhus (a1) (a2), Amandine Lamglait (a2), Karl-Erik Eilertsen (a3), Eva Falch (a2), Trond Haider (a4), Hogne Vik (a5), Nils Hoem (a5), Tor-Arne Hagve (a6) (a7), Samar Basu (a8) (a9), Elisabeth Olsen (a10), Ingebjørg Seljeflot (a11), Lena Nyberg (a12), Elisabeth Elind (a13) and Stine M. Ulven (a13)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 September 2011

There is convincing evidence that consumption of fish and fish oil rich in long-chain (LC) n-3 PUFA (n-3 LCPUFA), EPA (20 : 5n-3) and DHA (22 : 6n-3) reduce the risk of CHD. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether n-3 LCPUFA-enriched food products provide similar beneficial effects as fish oil with regard to incorporation into plasma lipids and effects on cardiovascular risk markers. A parallel 7-week intervention trial was performed where 159 healthy men and women were randomised to consume either 34 g fish pâté (n 44), 500 ml fruit juice (n 38) or three capsules of concentrated fish oil (n 40), all contributing to a daily intake of approximately 1 g EPA and DHA. A fourth group did not receive any supplementation or food product and served as controls (n 37). Plasma fatty acid composition, serum lipids, and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress were measured. Compared with the control group, plasma n-3 LCPUFA and EPA:arachidonic acid ratio increased equally in all intervention groups. However, no significant changes in blood lipids and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress were observed. In conclusion, enriched fish pâté and fruit juice represent suitable delivery systems for n-3 LCPUFA. However, although the dose given is known to reduce the risk of CVD, no significant changes were observed on cardiovascular risk markers in this healthy population.

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*Corresponding author: Dr B. Kirkhus, fax +47 64 97 03 33, email
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