1 de Graaf, C (2006) Effects of snacks on energy intake: an evolutionary perspective. Appetite 47, 18–23.
2 Rolls, BJ, Morris, EL & Roe, LS (2002) Portion size of food affects energy intake in normal-weight and overweight men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 1207–1213.
3 Bellisle, F, McDevitt, R & Prentice, AM (1997) Meal frequency and energy balance. Br J Nutr 77, Suppl. 1, S57–S70.
4 Westerterp-Plantenga, MS, Wijckmans-Duysens, NA & ten Hoor, F (1994) Food intake in the daily environment after energy-reduced lunch, related to habitual meal frequency. Appetite 22, 173–182.
5 Louis-Sylvestre, J, Tournier, A, Verger, P, et al. (1989) Learned caloric adjustment of human intake. Appetite 12, 95–103.
6 Yeomans, MR, Weinberg, L & James, S (2005) Effects of palatability and learned satiety on energy density influences on breakfast intake in humans. Physiol Behav 86, 487–499.
7 Barkeling, B, Rossner, S & Bjorvell, H (1990) Effects of a high-protein meal (meat) and a high-carbohydrate meal (vegetarian) on satiety measured by automated computerized monitoring of subsequent food intake, motivation to eat and food preferences. Int J Obes 14, 743–751.
8 Poppitt, SD, Swann, DL, Murgatroyd, PR, et al. (1998) Effect of dietary manipulation on substrate flux and energy balance in obese women taking the appetite suppressant dexfenfluramine. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 1012–1021.
9 Gerstein, DE, Woodward-Lopez, G, Evans, AE, et al. (2004) Clarifying concepts about macronutrients' effects on satiation and satiety. J Am Diet Assoc 104, 1151–1153.
10 Fischer, K, Colombani, PC & Wenk, C (2004) Metabolic and cognitive coefficients in the development of hunger sensations after pure macronutrient ingestion in the morning. Appetite 42, 49–61.
11 Marmonier, C, Chapelot, D & Louis-Sylvestre, J (2000) Effects of macronutrient content and energy density of snacks consumed in a satiety state on the onset of the next meal. Appetite 34, 161–168.
12 Porrini, M, Santangelo, A, Crovetti, R, et al. (1997) Weight, protein, fat, and timing of preloads affect food intake. Physiol Behav 62, 563–570.
13 Lang, V, Bellisle, F, Oppert, JM, et al. (1998) Satiating effect of proteins in healthy subjects: a comparison of egg albumin, casein, gelatin, soy protein, pea protein, and wheat gluten. Am J Clin Nutr 67, 1197–1204.
14 Anderson, GH, Tecimer, SN, Shah, D, et al. (2004) Protein source, quantity, and time of consumption determine the effect of proteins on short-term food intake in young men. J Nutr 134, 3011–3015.
15 Hall, WL, Millward, DJ, Long, SJ, et al. (2003) Casein and whey exert different effects on plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and appetite. Br J Nutr 89, 239–248.
16 Stunkard, AJ & Messick, S (1985) The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. J Psychosom Res 29, 71–83.
17 de Graaf, C & Hulshof, T (1996) Effects of weight and energy content of preloads on subsequent appetite and food intake. Appetite 26, 139–151.
18 Vozzo, R, Wittert, G, Cocchiaro, C, et al. (2003) Similar effects of foods high in protein, carbohydrate and fat on subsequent spontaneous food intake in healthy individuals. Appetite 40, 101–107.
19 Billeaud, C, Guillet, J & Sandler, B (1990) Gastric emptying in infants with or without gastro-oesophageal reflux according to the type of milk. Eur J Clin Nutr 44, 577–583.
20 Miller, MJS, Witherly, SA & Clark, DA (1990) Casein: a milk protein with diverse biologic consequences. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 195, 143–159.
21 Boirie, Y, Dangin, M, Gachon, P, et al. (1997) Slow and fast dietary proteins differently modulate postprandial protein accretion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94, 14930–14935.
22 Mellinkoff, SM, Frankland, M, Boyle, D, et al. (1956) Relationship between serum amino acid concentration and fluctuations in appetite. J Appl Physiol 8, 535–538.
23 Warwick, ZS, Hall, WG, Pappas, TN, et al. (1993) Taste and smell sensations enhance the satiating effect of both a high-carbohydrate and a high-fat meal in humans. Physiol Behav 53, 553–563.
24 De Graaf, C, De Jong, LS & Lambers, AC (1999) Palatability affects satiation but not satiety. Physiol Behav 66, 681–688.