Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Arjunan, Saravana Pillai Deighton, Kevin Bishop, Nicolette C. King, James Reischak-Oliveira, Alvaro Rogan, Alice Sedgwick, Matthew Thackray, Alice E. Webb, David and Stensel, David J. 2015. The effect of prior walking on coronary heart disease risk markers in South Asian and European men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 115, Issue. 12, p. 2641.

    Bozzetto, L. Annuzzi, G. Costabile, G. Costagliola, L. Giorgini, M. Alderisio, A. Strazzullo, A. Patti, L. Cipriano, P. Mangione, A. Vitelli, A. Vigorito, C. Riccardi, G. and Rivellese, A. A. 2014. A CHO/fibre diet reduces and a MUFA diet increases postprandial lipaemia in type 2 diabetes: no supplementary effects of low-volume physical training. Acta Diabetologica, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 385.

    Pirillo, Angela Norata, Giuseppe Danilo and Catapano, Alberico Luigi 2014. Postprandial lipemia as a cardiometabolic risk factor. Current Medical Research and Opinion, Vol. 30, Issue. 8, p. 1489.

    Maraki, Maria I. and Sidossis, Labros S. 2013. The Latest on the Effect of Prior Exercise on Postprandial Lipaemia. Sports Medicine, Vol. 43, Issue. 6, p. 463.


Is the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipaemia the same for a moderate-fat meal as it is for a high-fat meal?

  • Nicholas M. Hurren (a1), Frank F. Eves (a1) and Andrew K. Blannin (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 November 2010

Moderate-intensity exercise can lower the TAG response to a high-fat meal; however, the British diet is moderate in fat, and no study to date has compared the effect of such exercise on responses to high-fat and moderate-fat meals. The present work investigated the effect of brisk walking performed 13 h before intake of both high-fat and moderate-fat meals on postprandial plasma TAG concentrations. Eight inactive, overweight men completed four separate 2 d trials, i.e. rest (Con) or a 90-min treadmill walk (Ex) on the evening of day 1, followed by the ingestion of a moderate-fat (Mod) or high-fat (High) meal on the morning of day 2. High-fat meals contained 66 % of total energy as fat, while the percentage was 35 % for moderate-fat meals; both the meals were, however, isoenergetic. On day 2, venous blood was sampled in the fasted state, 30 and 60 min after ingesting the test meal and then hourly until 6 h post-meal. Exercise reduced plasma TAG concentrations significantly (P < 0·001), with no exercise × meal interaction (P = 0·459). Walking reduced the total TAG response to a high-fat meal by 29 % (relative to High Con); the same bout of exercise performed before ingesting a moderate-fat meal lowered total TAG by 26 % (compared with Mod Con). The ability of a single moderate-intensity aerobic exercise bout to lower postprandial TAG concentrations is just as great, in percentage terms, when the test meal ingested is of a moderate rather than a high fat content.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Is the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipaemia the same for a moderate-fat meal as it is for a high-fat meal?
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Is the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipaemia the same for a moderate-fat meal as it is for a high-fat meal?
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Is the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipaemia the same for a moderate-fat meal as it is for a high-fat meal?
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Andrew Blannin, fax +44 121 414 4121, email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1F Karpe , U de Faire , M Mercuri , (1998) Magnitude of alimentary lipemia is related to intima–media thickness of the common carotid artery in middle-aged men. Atherosclerosis 141, 307314.

2BG Nordestgaard , M Benn , P Schnohr , (2007) Nonfasting triglycerides and risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, and death in men and women. JAMA 298, 299308.

3S Bansal , JE Buring , N Rifai , (2007) Fasting compared with nonfasting triglycerides and risk of cardiovascular events in women. JAMA 298, 309316.

4D Malkova & JMR Gill (2006) Effects of exercise on postprandial lipoprotein metabolism. Future Lipidol 1, 743755.

7M Kolifa , A Petridou & V Mougios (2004) Effect of prior exercise on lipemia after a meal of moderate fat content. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 13271335.

10M Pfeiffer , T Ludwig , C Wenk , (2005) The influence of walking performed immediately before meals with a moderate fat content on postprandial lipemia. Lipids Health Dis 4, 24.

11M Pfeiffer , C Wenk & PC Colombani (2006) The influence of 30 minutes of light to moderate intensity cycling on postprandial lipemia. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 13, 363368.

12AP James , K Slivkoff-Clark & JC Mamo (2007) Prior exercise does not affect chylomicron particle number following a mixed meal of moderate fat content. Lipids Health Dis 6, 8.

13FL Burton , D Malkova , MJ Caslake , (2008) Energy replacement attenuates the effects of prior moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism in overweight/obese men. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 481489.

15M Miyashita (2008) Effects of continuous versus accumulated activity patterns on postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations in obese men. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 12711278.

16FR Heller , C Vandenplas , JP Desager , (1993) The vitamin A fat-loading test in young normolipidemic subjects. Clin Chim Acta 219, 167176.

17GD Kolovou , KK Anagnostopoulou , AN Pavlidis , (2006) Metabolic syndrome and gender differences in postprandial lipaemia. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 13, 661664.

18KG Jackson , JM Knapper-Francis , LM Morgan , (2003) Exaggerated postprandial lipaemia and lower post-heparin lipoprotein lipase activity in middle-aged men. Clin Sci (Lond) 105, 457466.

20NC Dixon , TL Hurst , DCS Talbot , (2009) Active middle-aged men have lower fasting inflammatory markers but the postprandial inflammatory response is minimal and unaffected by physical activity status. J Appl Physiol 107, 6368.

21GF Lewis , NM O'Meara , PA Soltys , (1990) Postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in normal and obese subjects: comparison after the vitamin A fat-loading test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 71, 10411050.

22JM Gill , A Al-Mamari , WR Ferrell , (2004) Effects of prior moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism and vascular function in lean and centrally obese men. J Am Coll Cardiol 44, 23752382.

23A Bartual , C González , S Martínez Hervás , (2006) Effect of gender and obesity on postprandial lipemia in non-diabetic normolipidemic subjects and subjects with familial combined hyperlipidemia. Rev Clin Esp 206, 213219.

24GA Borg (1982) Psychological bases of perceived exertion. Med Sci Sports Exerc 14, 377381.

25H Tanaka , KD Monashan & DR Seals (2001) Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J Am Coll Cardiol 37, 153156.

27WE Siri (1956) The gross composition of the body. Adv Biol Med Phys 4, 239280.

29AE Jeukendrup & GA Wallis (2005) Measurement of substrate oxidation during exercise by means of gas exchange measurements. Int J Sports Med 26, Suppl. 1, S28S37.

30SE Maxwell (1980) Pairwise multiple comparisons in repeated measures designs. J Educ Behav Stat 5, 269287.

34JC Levy , DR Matthews & MP Hermans (1998) Correct homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) evaluation uses the computer program. Diabetes Care 21, 21912192.

36JM Gill , GP Mees , KN Frayn , (2001) Moderate exercise, postprandial lipaemia and triacylglycerol clearance. Eur J Clin Invest 31, 201207.

37JQ Zhang , LL Ji , G Nunez , (2004) Effect of exercise timing on postprandial lipemia in hypertriglyceridemic men. Can J Appl Physiol 29, 590603.

38JQ Zhang , LL Ji , VS Fretwell , (2006) Effect of exercise on postprandial lipemia in men with hypertriglyceridemia. Eur J Appl Physiol 98, 575582.

39JQ Zhang , LL Ji , DL Fogt , (2007) Effect of exercise duration on postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in men with metabolic syndrome. J Appl Physiol 103, 13391345.

40ML Mestek , EP Plaisance , LA Ratcliff , (2008) Aerobic exercise and postprandial lipemia in men with the metabolic syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc 40, 21052111.

41M Harrison , DJ O'Gorman , N McCaffrey , (2009) Influence of acute exercise with and without carbohydrate replacement on postprandial lipid metabolism. J Appl Physiol 106, 943949.

43JM Gill , A Al-Mamari , WR Ferrell , (2007) Effect of prior moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism in men with type 2 diabetes: heterogeneity of responses. Atherosclerosis 194, 134143.

44GA Tyldum , IE Schjerve , AE Tjønna , (2009) Endothelial dysfunction induced by post-prandial lipemia: complete protection afforded by high-intensity aerobic interval exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol 53, 200206.

45JMR Gill (2004) Exercise and postprandial lipid metabolism – an analysis of the current evidence. Eur J Lipid Sci Technol 106, 110121.

46F Magkos , DC Wright , BW Patterson , (2006) Lipid metabolism response to a single, prolonged bout of endurance exercise in healthy young men. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 290, E355E362.

49JM Gill , KN Frayn , SA Wootton , (2001) Effects of prior moderate exercise on exogenous and endogenous lipid metabolism and plasma factor VII activity. Clin Sci (Lond) 100, 517527.

52S Westphal , A Leodolter , S Kahl , (2002) Addition of glucose to a fatty meal delays chylomicrons and suppresses VLDL in healthy subjects. Eur J Clin Invest 32, 322327.

54MT Pedrini , A Niederwanger , M Kranebitter , (2006) Postprandial lipaemia induces an acute decrease of insulin sensitivity in healthy men independently of plasma NEFA levels. Diabetologia 49, 16121618.

55YD Chen , R Skowronski , AM Coulston , (1992) Effect of acute variations in dietary fat and carbohydrate intake on retinyl ester content of intestinally derived lipoproteins. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 74, 2832.

60VA Zammit (1996) Role of insulin in hepatic fatty acid partitioning: emerging concepts. Biochem J 314, 114.

61RV Farese Jr, TJ Yost & RH Eckel (1991) Tissue-specific regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity by insulin/glucose in normal-weight humans. Metabolism 40, 214216.

62F Picard , N Naïmi , D Richard , (1999) Response of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase to the cephalic phase of insulin secretion. Diabetes 48, 452459.

63A Aarsland , D Chinkes & RR Wolfe (1996) Contributions of de novo synthesis of fatty acids to total VLDL-triglyceride secretion during prolonged hyperglycemia/hyperinsulinemia in normal man. J Clin Invest 98, 20082017.

66K Evans , GC Burdge , SA Wootton , (2002) Regulation of dietary fatty acid entrapment in subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. Diabetes 51, 26842690.

67LJ Karhunen , RI Lappalainen , L Tammela , (1997) Subjective and physiological cephalic phase responses to food in obese binge-eating women. Int J Eat Disord 21, 321328.

68J LeBlanc , J Soucy & A Nadeau (1996) Early insulin and glucagon responses to different food items. Horm Metab Res 28, 276279.

69CJ Goodner , BC Walike , DJ Koerker , (1977) Insulin, glucagon, and glucose exhibit synchronous, sustained oscillations in fasting monkeys. Science 195, 177179.

70DA Lang , DR Matthews , J Peto , (1979) Cyclic oscillations of basal plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in human beings. N Engl J Med 301, 10231027.

71SJ Hunter , AB Atkinson , CN Ennis , (1996) Association between insulin secretory pulse frequency and peripheral insulin action in NIDDM and normal subjects. Diabetes 45, 683686.

72C Juhl , T Grøfte , PC Butler , (2002) Effects of fasting on physiologically pulsatile insulin release in healthy humans. Diabetes 51, Suppl. 1, S255S257.

73JM Gill , SL Herd , NV Tsetsonis , (2002) Are the reductions in triacylglycerol and insulin levels after exercise related? Clin Sci (Lond) 102, 223231.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *