1 Bateson, P, Barker, D, Clutton-Brock, T, et al. (2004) Developmental plasticity and human health. Nature 430, 419–421.
2 Benyshek, DC, Martin, JF & Johnston, CS (2001) A reconsideration of the origins of the type 2 diabetes epidemic among Native Americans and the implications for intervention policy. Med Anthropol 20, 25–64.
3 Gluckman, PD & Hanson, MA (2004) Living with the past: evolution, development, and patterns of disease. Science 305, 1733–1736.
4 Kuzawa, CW, Adair, LS, Avila, JL, et al. (2003) Atherogenic lipid profiles in Filipino adolescents with low body mass index and low dietary fat intake. Am J Hum Biol 15, 688–696.
5 Stookey, JD, Adair, L, Stevens, J, et al. (2001) Patterns of long-term change in body composition are associated with diet, activity, income and urban residence among older adults in China. J Nutr 131, 2433S–2440S.
6 Vickers, MH, Breier, BH, Cutfield, WS, et al. (2000) Fetal origins of hyperphagia, obesity, and hypertension and postnatal amplification by hypercaloric nutrition. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279, E83–E87.
7 Gluckman, P & Hanson, MA (2005) The Fetal Matrix: Evolution, Development and Disease. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
8 Desai, M, Byrne, CD, Zhang, J, et al. (1997) Programming of hepatic insulin-sensitive enzymes in offspring of rat dams fed a protein-restricted diet. Am J Physiol 272, G1083–G1090.
9 Franco, MC, Arruda, RM, Dantas, AP, et al. (2002) Intrauterine undernutrition: expression and activity of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase in male and female adult offspring. Cardiovasc Res 56, 145–153.
10 Ozaki, T, Nishina, H, Hanson, MA, et al. (2001) Dietary restriction in pregnant rats causes gender-related hypertension and vascular dysfunction in offspring. J Physiol 530, 141–152.
12 Bayol, SA, Simbi, BH & Stickland, NC (2005) A maternal cafeteria diet during gestation and lactation promotes adiposity and impairs skeletal muscle development and metabolism in rat offspring at weaning. J Physiol 567, 951–961.
13 Khan, I, Dekou, V, Hanson, M, et al. (2004) Predictive adaptive responses to maternal high-fat diet prevent endothelial dysfunction but not hypertension in adult rat offspring. Circulation 110, 1097–1102.
14 Khan, IY, Taylor, PD, Dekou, V, et al. (2003) Gender-linked hypertension in offspring of lard-fed pregnant rats. Hypertension 41, 168–175.
15 Levin, BE & Govek, E (1998) Gestational obesity accentuates obesity in obesity-prone progeny. Am J Physiol 275, R1374–R1379.
16 Langley-Evans, SC, Clamp, AG, Grimble, RF, et al. (1996) Influence of dietary fats upon systolic blood pressure in the rat. Int J Food Sci Nutr 47, 417–425.
17 Zambrano, E, Bautista, CJ, Deas, M, et al. (2006) A low maternal protein diet during pregnancy and lactation has sex- and window of exposure-specific effects on offspring growth and food intake, glucose metabolism and serum leptin in the rat. J Physiol 571, 221–230.
18 Khan, IY, Dekou, V, Douglas, G, et al. (2005) A high-fat diet during rat pregnancy or suckling induces cardiovascular dysfunction in adult offspring. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288, R127–R133.
19 Zhang, J, Wang, C, Terroni, PL, et al. (2005) High-unsaturated-fat, high-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet during pregnancy and lactation modulates hepatic lipid metabolism in female adult offspring. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288, R112–R118.
20 Van Heek, M, Compton, DS, France, CF, et al. (1997) Diet-induced obese mice develop peripheral, but not central, resistance to leptin. J Clin Invest 99, 385–390.
21 Krege, JH, Hodgin, JB, Hagaman, JR, et al. (1995) A noninvasive computerized tail-cuff system for measuring blood pressure in mice. Hypertension 25, 1111–1115.
22 Danesh, J, Wheeler, JG, Hirschfield, GM, et al. (2004) C-reactive protein and other circulating markers of inflammation in the prediction of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med 350, 1387–1397.
23 Langley-Evans, SC (1996) Intrauterine programming of hypertension in the rat: nutrient interactions. Comp Biochem Physiol A Physiol 114, 327–333.
24 Oh, W, Gelardi, NL & Cha, CJ (1988) Maternal hyperglycemia in pregnant rats: its effect on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in the offspring. Metabolism 37, 1146–1151.
25 Elahi, MM, Cagampang, FR, Anthony, FW, et al. (2008) Statin treatment in hypercholesterolemic pregnant mice reduces cardiovascular risk factors in their offspring. Hypertension 51, 939–944.
26 Guo, F & Jen, KL (1995) High-fat feeding during pregnancy and lactation affects offspring metabolism in rats. Physiol Behav 57, 681–686.
27 Koukkou, E, Ghosh, P, Lowy, C, et al. (1998) Offspring of normal and diabetic rats fed saturated fat in pregnancy demonstrate vascular dysfunction. Circulation 98, 2899–2904.
28 Reid, AE (2001) Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Gastroenterology 121, 710–723.
29 Shiri-Sverdlov, R, Wouters, K, van Gorp, PJ, et al. (2006) Early diet-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in APOE2 knock-in mice and its prevention by fibrates. J Hepatol 44, 732–741.
30 Tous, M, Ferre, N, Camps, J, et al. (2005) Feeding apolipoprotein E-knockout mice with cholesterol and fat enriched diets may be a model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Mol Cell Biochem 268, 53–58.
31 Libby, P (2002) Inflammation in atherosclerosis. Nature 420, 868–874.
32 Libby, P, Willerson, JT & Braunwald, E (2004) C-reactive protein and coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med 351, 295–298.
33 Ridker, PM, Cushman, M, Stampfer, MJ, et al. (1997) Inflammation, aspirin, and the risk of cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy men. N Engl J Med 336, 973–979.
34 Ridker, PM, Hennekens, CH, Buring, JE, et al. (2000) C-reactive protein and other markers of inflammation in the prediction of cardiovascular disease in women. N Engl J Med 342, 836–843.
35 Khovidhunkit, W, Kim, MS, Memon, RA, et al. (2004) Effects of infection and inflammation on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism: mechanisms and consequences to the host. J Lipid Res 45, 1169–1196.
36 Ridker, PM, Hennekens, CH, Rifai, N, et al. (1999) Hormone replacement therapy and increased plasma concentration of C-reactive protein. Circulation 100, 713–716.
37 Visser, M, Bouter, LM, McQuillan, GM, et al. (1999) Elevated C-reactive protein levels in overweight and obese adults. JAMA 282, 2131–2135.
38 Ridker, PM, Cushman, M, Stampfer, MJ, et al. (1997) Inflammation, aspirin, and the risk of cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy men. N Engl J Med 336, 973–979.
39 Ridker, PM, Hennekens, CH, Buring, JE, et al. (2000) C-reactive protein and other markers of inflammation in the prediction of cardiovascular disease in women. N Engl J Med 342, 836–843.