1Biolo, G, Tipton, KD, Klein, S, et al. (1997) An abundant supply of amino acids enhances the metabolic effect of exercise on muscle protein. Am J Physiol 273, E122–E129.
2Price, GM, Halliday, D, Pacy, PJ, et al. (1994) Nitrogen homeostasis in man: influence of protein intake on the amplitude of diurnal cycling of body nitrogen. Clin Sci (Lond) 86, 91–102.
3Taillandier, D, Bigard, X, Desplanches, D, et al. (1993) Role of protein intake on protein synthesis and fiber distribution in the unweighted soleus muscle. J Appl Physiol 75, 1226–1232.
4Yip, R & Dallman, PR (1996) Iron. In Present Knowledge in Nutrition, 7th ed., pp. 277–292 [Ziegler, EE and Filer, LJ, editors]. Washington, DC: ILSI Press.
5Brody, T (1999) Nutritional Biochemistry, 2nd ed.San Diego: Academic Press.
6Hagler, L, Askew, EW, Neville, JR, et al. (1981) Influence of dietary iron deficiency on hemoglobin, myoglobin, their respective reductases, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 2169–2177.
7Hunt, JR, Zito, CA, Erjavec, J, et al. (1994) Severe or marginal iron deficiency affects spontaneous physical activity in rats. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 413–418.
8Haas, JD & Brownlie, T (2001) Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: a critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship. J Nutr 131, 676S–688S.
9Zhu, YI & Haas, JD (1998) Altered metabolic response of iron-depleted nonanemic women during a 15-km time trial. J Appl Physiol 84, 1768–1775.
10Tapiero, H & Tew, KD (2003) Trace elements in human physiology and pathology: zinc and metallothioneins. Biomed Pharmacother 57, 399–411.
11Brown, KH, Peerson, JM & Allen, LH (1998) Effect of zinc supplementation on children's growth: a meta-analysis of intervention trials. Bibl Nutr Dieta 54, 76–83.
12Brown, KH, Peerson, JM, Rivera, J, et al. (2002) Effect of supplemental zinc on the growth and serum zinc concentrations of prepubertal children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 75, 1062–1071.
13Roth, HP (2003) Development of alimentary zinc deficiency in growing rats is retarded at low dietary protein levels. J Nutr 133, 2294–2301.
14Devine, A, Rosen, C, Mohan, S, et al. (1998) Effects of zinc and other nutritional factors on insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 200–206.
15Roth, HP (1994) Kirchgessner M Influence of alimentary zinc deficiency on the concentration of growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin in the serum of force-fed rats. Horm Metab Res 26, 404–408.
16MacDonald, RS (2000) The role of zinc in growth and cell proliferation. J Nutr 130, Suppl. 5, 1500S–1508S.
17Golden, BE & Golden, MH (1981) Plasma zinc, rate of weight gain, and the energy cost of tissue deposition in children recovering from severe malnutrition on a cow's milk or soya protein based diet. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 892–899.
18Golden, BE & Golden, MH (1992) Effect of zinc on lean tissue synthesis during recovery from malnutrition. Eur J Clin Nutr 46, 697–706.
19Arsenault, JE, Lopez de Romana, D, Penny, ME, et al. (2008) Additional zinc delivered in a liquid supplement, but not in a fortified porridge, increased fat-free mass accrual among young Peruvian children with mild-to-moderate stunting. J Nutr 138, 108–114.
20Brouns, F (1993) Nutritional Needs of Athletes. New York: J. Wiley.
21Jéquier, E (1992) Effect of different levels of carbohydrate, fat and protein intake on protein metabolism and thermogenesis. In Protein–Energy Interactions I/D/E/C/G Workshop; October 21–25, 1991 [Scrimshaw, NS and Schuerch, B, editors]. Waterville Valley, NH: Nestlé Foundation. www.archive.unu.edu/unupress/food2/UID07E/UID07E0H.htm.
22Murphy, SP & Allen, LH (2003) Nutritional importance of animal source foods. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3932S–3935S.
23Reddy, MB & Cook, JD (1997) Effect of calcium intake on nonheme-iron absorption from a complete diet. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 1820–1825.
24Neumann, CG, Gewa, C & Bwibo, NO (2004) Child nutrition in developing countries. Pediatr Ann 33, 658–674.
25Allen, LH (1993) The Nutrition CRSP: what is marginal malnutrition, and does it affect human function? Nutr Rev 51, 255–267.
26Sigman, M, McDonald, MA, Neumann, C, et al. (1991) Prediction of cognitive competence in Kenyan children from toddler nutrition, family characteristics and abilities. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 32, 307–320.
27Sigman, M, Neumann, C, Jansen, AA, et al. (1989) Cognitive abilities of Kenyan children in relation to nutrition, family characteristics, and education. Child Dev 60, 1463–1474.
28Neumann, CG, Bwibo, NO & Sigman, M (1992) Final Report Phase II: Functional implications of malnutrition, Kenya Project. Nutrition CRSP. Los Angeles, CA: University of California, Los Angeles. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNABN874.pdf (accessed accessed September 2011).
29Murphy, SP, Weinberg, SW, Neumann, C, et al. (1991) Development of research nutrient data bases: an example using foods consumed in rural Kenya. J Food Comp Anal 3, 2–17.
30Espinosa, MP, Sigman, MD, Neumann, CG, et al. (1992) Playground behaviors of school-age children in relation to nutrition, schooling, and family characteristics. Dev Psychol 28, 1188–1195.
31Calloway, D, Murphy, S, Beaton, G, et al. (1993) Estimated vitamin intakes of toddlers: predicted prevalence of inadequacy in village populations in Egypt, Kenya, and Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 58, 376–384.
32Murphy, S, Beaton, G & Calloway, D (1992) Estimated mineral intakes of toddlers: predicted prevalence of inadequacy in village populations in Egypt, Kenya, and Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 56, 565–572.
33Neumann, CG, Bwibo, NO, Murphy, SP, et al. (2003) Animal source foods improve dietary quality, micronutrient status, growth and cognitive function in Kenyan school children: background, study design and baseline findings. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3941S–3949S.
34Murphy, SP, Gewa, C, Liang, LJ, et al. (2003) School snacks containing animal source foods improve dietary quality for children in rural Kenya. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3950S–3956S.
35Siekmann, JH, Allen, LH, Bwibo, NO, et al. (2003) Kenyan school children have multiple micronutrient deficiencies, but increased plasma vitamin B-12 is the only detectable micronutrient response to meat or milk supplementation. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3972S–3980S.
36Grillenberger, M, Neumann, CG, Murphy, SP, et al. (2003) Food supplements have a positive impact on weight gain and the addition of animal source foods increases lean body mass of Kenyan schoolchildren. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3957S–3964S.
37Pennington, JAT (1998) Bowes and Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
38Grillenberger, M, Neumann, CG, Murphy, SP, et al. (2006) Intake of micronutrients high in animal-source foods is associated with better growth in rural Kenyan school children. Br J Nutr 95, 379–390.
39Gibson, R (1990) Principles of Nutritional Assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.
40Frisancho, AR (1981) New norms of upper limb fat and muscle areas for assessment of nutritional status. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 2540–2545.
41Heymsfield, SB, McManus, C, Smith, J, et al. (1982) Anthropometric measurement of muscle mass: revised equations for calculating bone-free arm muscle area. Am J Clin Nutr 36, 680–690.
42Dibley, MJ, Goldsby, JB, Staehling, NW, et al. (1987) Development of normalized curves for the international growth reference: historical and technical considerations. Am J Clin Nutr 46, 736–748.
43Weiss, RE (2005) Modeling Longitudinal Data. New York: Springer-Verlag.
44Gibson, RS (1994) Content and bioavailability of trace elements in vegetarian diets. Am J Clin Nutr 59, Suppl., 1223S–1232S.
45Cronk, CE & Roche, AF (1982) Race- and sex-specific reference data for triceps and subscapular skinfolds and weight/stature. Am J Clin Nutr 35, 347–354.
46Neumann, CG, Murphy, SP, Gewa, C, et al. (2007) Meat supplementation improves growth, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes in Kenyan children. J Nutr 137, 1119–1123.
47Allen, LH (1997) Improving Iron Status Through Diet: The Application of Knowledge Concerning Dietary Iron Availability in Human Populations. Washington, DC: US Agency for International Development and Opportunities for Micronutrient Interventions.
48Hallberg, L & Rossander, L (1984) Improvement of iron nutrition in developing countries: comparison of adding meat, soy protein, ascorbic acid, citric acid, and ferrous sulphate on iron absorption from a simple Latin American-type of meal. Am J Clin Nutr 39, 577–583.
49Volpi, E, Kobayashi, H, Sheffield-Moore, M, et al. (2003) Essential amino acids are primarily responsible for the amino acid stimulation of muscle protein anabolism in healthy elderly adults. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 250–258.
50Rasmussen, BB, Tipton, KD, Miller, SL, et al. (2000) An oral essential amino acid-carbohydrate supplement enhances muscle protein anabolism after resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol 88, 386–392.
51Wu, G (2009) Amino acids: metabolism, functions, and nutrition. Amino Acids 37, 1–17.
52Paddon-Jones, D, Sheffield-Moore, M, Urban, RJ, et al. (2004) Essential amino acid and carbohydrate supplementation ameliorates muscle protein loss in humans during 28 days bedrest. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89, 4351–4358.
53Butterfield, GE & Calloway, DH (1984) Physical activity improves protein utilization in young men. Br J Nutr 51, 171–184.
54Ohira, Y, Edgerton, VR, Gardner, GW, et al. (1981) Work capacity after iron treatment as a function of hemoglobin and iron deficiency. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 27, 87–96.
55Edgerton, VR, Gardner, GW, Ohira, Y, et al. (1979) Iron-deficiency anaemia and its effect on worker productivity and activity patterns. Br Med J 15, 1546–1549.
56Bentley, ME, Caulfield, LE, Ram, M, et al. (1997) Zinc supplementation affects the activity patterns of rural Guatemalan infants. J Nutr 127, 1333–1338.
57Friel, JK, Andrews, WL, Matthew, JD, et al. (1993) Zinc supplementation in very-low-birth-weight infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 17, 97–104.
58Sazawal, S, Bentley, M, Black, RE, et al. (1996) Effect of zinc supplementation on observed activity in low socioeconomic Indian preschool children. Pediatrics 98, 1132–1137.
59Gibson, RS, Yeudall, F, Drost, N, et al. (2003) Experiences of a community-based dietary intervention to enhance micronutrient adequacy of diets low in animal source foods and high in phytate: a case study in rural Malawian children. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3992S–3997S.
60Demment, MW, Young, MM & Sensenig, RL (2003) Providing micronutrients through food-based solutions: a key to human and national development. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3879S–3885S.
61Sigman, M, Whaley, SE, Neumann, CG, et al. (2005) Diet quality affects the playground activities of Kenyan children. Food Nutr Bull 26, Suppl. 2, S202–S212.
62Whaley, SE, Sigman, M, Neumann, C, et al. (2003) The impact of dietary intervention on the cognitive development of Kenyan school children. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 2, 3965S–3971S.