Alarcon-Aguilar FJ, Roman-Ramos R, Flores-Saenz JL & Aguirre-Garcia F Investigation on the hypoglycaemic effects of extracts of four Mexican medicinal plants in normal and alloxan-diabetic mice. Phytother Res (2002) 16, 383–386.
Amatruda JM, Salhanick AI & Chang CL Hepatic insulin resistance in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and the effects of a sulfonylurea in potentiating insulin action. Diabetes Care 7, (1984Suppl. 1, 4753
Baricevic D & Bartol T The biological/pharmacological activity of the Salvia genus InSage – the Genus Salvia, pp. 143–184 [Kintzios SE, editor]. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. (2000)
Cheng JT, Liu IM, Chi TC, Su HC & Chang CG Metforminlike effects of Quei Fu Di Huang Wan, a Chinese herbal mixture, on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat. Horm Metab Res (2001) 33, 727–732.
Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Gomis R, Hanefeld M, Karasik A& Laakso M Acarbose for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the STOP-NIDDM randomised trial. Lancet (2002) 359, 2072–2077.
Costacou T & Mayer-Davis EJ Nutrition and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Annu Rev Nutr (2003) 23, 147–170.
Day C Traditional plant treatments for diabetes mellitus: pharmaceutical foods. Br J Nutr (1998) 80, 5–6.
Dunbar JC, Schultz S, Houser F & Walker J Regulation of the hepatic response to glucagon – role of insulin, growth-hormone and cortisol. Horm Res (1989) 31, 244–249.
Eidi M, Eidi A & Zamanizadeh H Effect of Salvia officinalis L. leaves on serum glucose and insulin in healthy and streptozotocininduced diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol (2005) 100, 310–313.
Giannouli AL, Kintzios SE Essential oils of Salvia spp: examples of intraspecific and seasonal variation. InSage – the Genus Salvia, pp.69–80 [Kintzios SE, editor]. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. (2000)
Guarino MP, Afonso RA, Raimundo N, Raposo JF & Macedo MP Hepatic glutathione and nitric oxide are critical for hepatic insulin-sensitizing substance action. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol (2003) 284, G588–G594.
Han YM, Oh H, Na M, Kim BS, Oh WK, Kim BY, Jeong DG, Ryu SE, Sok DE & Ahn JS PTP1B inhibitory effect of abietane diterpenes isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza. Biol Pharm Bull (2005) 28, 1795–1797.
HussinAH & Skett P Lack of effect of insulin in hepatocytes isolated from streptozotocin-diabetic male-rats. Biochem Pharmacol (1988) 37, 1683–1686.
Jermendy G Can type 2 diabetes mellitus be considered preventable?. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 68, Suppl. 1, (2005) S73–S81.
Klover PJ & Mooney RA Hepatocytes: critical for glucose hom36eostasis. Int J Biochem Cell Biol (2004) 36, 753–758.
Lai LC Prevention of type 2 diabetes. Malays J Pathol (2002) 24,71–76.
Large V & Beylot M Modifications of citric acid cycle activity and gluconeogenesis in streptozotocin-induced diabetes and effects of metformin. Diabetes (1999) 48, 1251–1257.
Li WL, Zheng HC, Bukuru J & De Kimpe N Natural medicines used in the traditional Chinese medical system for therapy of diabetes mellitus. J Ethnopharmacol (2004) 92, 1–21.
Lima CF, Andrade PB, Seabra RM, Fernandes-Ferreira M & Pereira-Wilson C The drinking of a Salvia officinalis infusion improves liver antioxidant status in mice and rats. J Ethnopharmacol (2005) 97, 383–389.
Lima CF, Carvalho F, Fernandes E, Bastos ML, Santos-Gomes PC, Fernandes-Ferreira M & Pereira-Wilson C Evaluation of toxic/protective effects of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis on freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. Toxicol in Vitro (2004) 18, 457–465.
Moldeus P, Hogberg J & Orrenius S Isolation and use of liver cells. Methods Enzymol (1978) 52, 60–71.
National Institutes of Health Principles of Laboratory Animal Care. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health. (1985)
Qin B, Nagasaki M, Ren M, Bajotto G, Oshida Y & Sato Y Gosha-jinki-gan (a herbal complex) corrects abnormal insulin signaling. Evid Based ComplementAlternat Med (2004) 1, 269–276.
Roden M & Bernroider E Hepatic glucose metabolism in humans – its role in health and disease. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab (2003) 17, 365–383.
Salhanick AI, Konowitz P & Amatruda JM Potentiation of insulin action by a sulfonylurea in primary cultures of hepatocytes from normal and diabetic rats. Diabetes (1983) 32, 206–212.
Saxena A & Vikram NK Role of selected Indian plants in management of type 2 diabetes: a review. J Altern Complement Med 2004) 10, 369–378.
Schernthaner G Progress in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. Wien Klin Wochenschr (2003) 115, 745–757.
Simpson RW, Shaw JE & Zimmet PZ The prevention of type 2 diabetes – lifestyle change or pharmacotherapy? A challenge for the 21st century. Diabetes Res Clin Pract (2003) 59, 165–180.
Sreenan S, Sturis J, Pugh W, Burant CF & Polonsky KS Prevention of hyperglycemia in the Zucker diabetic fatty rat by treatment with metformin and troglitazone. Am J Physiol (1996) 271, E742–E747.
Stoeckli R & Keller U Nutritional fats and the risk of type 2 diabetes and cancer. Physiol Behav (2004) 83, 611–615.
Williams G & Pickup JC Handbook of Diabetes,3rd ed. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. (2004)
Yeh GY, Eisenberg DM, Kaptchuk TJ & Phillips RS Systematic review of herbs and dietary supplements for glycemic control in diabetes. Diabetes Care (2003) 26, 1277–1294.
Yuan L, Ziegler R, Hamann A Inhibition of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene expression by metformin in cultured hepatocytes. Chin Med J (Engl) (2002) 115, 1843–1848.