Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-727vs Total loading time: 0.328 Render date: 2022-12-01T08:31:38.090Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

The milk of the African elephant

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

K. G. McCullagh
Affiliation:
Dunn Nutritional Laboratory, University of Cambridge and Medical Research Council
Elsie M. Widdowson
Affiliation:
Dunn Nutritional Laboratory, University of Cambridge and Medical Research Council
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

1. Analyses have been made of milk collected from thirty wild African elephants immediately after they were shot.

2. The milk contained an average of 5.1% protein, 9.3% fat and 3.6% lactose. The concentration of lactose decreased and the concentration of protein and fat increased with advancing lactation. Inorganic constituents were present in approximately the same proportions as in bovine milk.

3. The contribution of capric acid to the total fatty acids, previously shown to be extremely high, increased with advancing lactation.

4. The significance of these findings to the preparation of a milk for rearing young elephants by hand is discussed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1970

References

Anselmi, S. & Calo, A. (1949). Annali Chim. 39, 100.Google Scholar
Bellinge, W. H. S. & Woodley, F. W. (1964). E. Afr. Wildl. J. 2, 71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blaxter, K. L. (1961). In Milk: The Mammary Gland and its Secretion. Vol. 2, p. 305. [Kon, S. K. and Cowie, A. T., editors.] London: Academic Press Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolwig, N., Hill, D. H. & Philpott, M. (1965). Int. Zoo Yb. 5, 152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bunge, G. (1898). Lehrbuch der physiologischen Chemie, 4th ed. Leipzig.Google Scholar
Buss, I. O. (1961). J. Wildl. Mgmt 30, 375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cook, G. C. (1967). Br. med. J. i, 527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Creed, R. (1960). Int. Zoo Yb. 2, 106.Google Scholar
Duncan, W. R. H. & Garton, G. A. (1968). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 25, 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, D. E. (1959). Dairy Sci. Abstr. 21, 277.Google Scholar
Fiske, C. H. & SubbaRow, Y. (1925). J. biol. Chem. 66, 375.Google Scholar
Gregory, M. E., Rowland, S. J., Thompson, S. Y. & Kon, S. K. (1965). Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 145, 327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilditch, T. P. & Williams, P. N. (1964). The Chemical Constitution of Natural Fats, 4th ed. London: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
Hytten, F. E. (1954). Br. med. J. i, 249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krauze, S. & Legatowa, B. (1949). Mitt. Geb. Lebensmittelunters. u. Hyg. 40, 321.Google Scholar
Laws, R. M. (1966). E. Afr. Wildl. J. 4, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laws, R. M. (1967). J. Reprod. Fert. 14, 445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laws, R. M. & Parker, I. S. C. (1968). Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 21, 319.Google Scholar
Ling, E. R., Kon, S. K. & Porter, J. W. G. (1961). In Milk: The Mammary Gland and its Secretion. Vol. 2, p. 195. [Kon, S. K. and Cowie, A. T., editors.] London: Academic Press Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCance, R. A. & Widdowson, E. M. (1964). In Mammalian Protein Metabolism. Vol. 2, p. 226. [Munro, H. N. and Allison, J. B., editors.] New York: Academic Press Inc.Google Scholar
McCullagh, K. G., Lincoln, H. G. & Southgate, D. A. T. (1969). Nature, Lond. 222, 493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macy, I. G., Kelly, H. J. & Sloan, R. E. (1953). Publs natn. Res. Coun., Wash. no. 254.Google Scholar
Markuze, Z. (1939). Biochem. J. 33, 198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nottbohm, F. E. (1939). Vorratspflege. LebensmittForsch. 2, 150.Google Scholar
Reuther, R. T. (1969). Int. Zoo Yb. 9, 168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rook, J. A. F. & Witter, R. C. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simon, K. J. (1959). Ind. vet. J. 36, 500.Google Scholar
Slater, J. E. (1961). Br. J. Nutr. 15, 83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sleat, W. G. (1962). Int. Zoo Yb. 4, 325.Google Scholar
Smith, S., Watts, R. & Dils, R. (1968). J. Lipid Res. 9, 58.Google Scholar
Southgate, D. A. T. & Barrett, I. M. (1966). Br. J. Nutr. 20, 363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, J. I. (1955). Vet. Rec. 67, 301.Google Scholar
Waite, R., White, J. C. D. & Robertson, A. (1956). J. Dairy Res. 23, 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
You have Access
30
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The milk of the African elephant
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The milk of the African elephant
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The milk of the African elephant
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *