1 K Kurihara & M Kashiwayanagi (2000) Physiological studies on umami taste. J Nutr 130, Suppl. 4, 931S–934S.
2 S Yamaguchi & K Ninomiya (2000) Umami and food palatability. J Nutr 130, Suppl. 4S, 921S–926S.
3 M Smriga & K Torii (2000) Release of hypothalamic norepinephrine during MSG intake in rats fed normal and nonprotein diet. Physiol Behav 70, 413–415.
4 M Vazquez , PB Pearson & GK Beauchamp (1981) Flavour preferences in malnourished Mexican infants. Physiol Behav 28, 513–519.
5 C Murphy (1989) Aging and chemosensory perception of and preference for nutritionally significant stimuli. Ann N Y Acad Sci 561, 251–266.
6 M Mori , T Kawada , T Ono , et al. (1991) Taste preference and protein nutrition and l-amino acid homeostasis in male Sprague–Dawley rats. Physiol Behav 49, 987–995.
7 M Laska & LT Hernandez Salazar (2004) Gustatory responsiveness to monosodium glutamate and sodium chloride in four species of nonhuman primates. J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol 301, 898–905.
8 T Kondoh , HN Mallick & K Torii (2009) Activation of the gut–brain axis by dietary glutamate and physiologic significance in energy homeostasis. Am J Clin Nutr, .
10 R Walker & JR Lupien (2000) The safety evaluation of monosodium glutamate. J Nutr 130, Suppl. 4S, 1049S–1052S.
11 JW Olney & LG Sharpe (1969) Brain lesions in an infant rhesus monkey treated with monosodium glutamate. Science 166, 386–388.
12 JW Olney (1969) Brain lesions, obesity, and other disturbances in mice treated with monosodium glutamate. Science 164, 719–721.
13 M Hermanussen , AP Garcia , M Sunder , et al. (2006) Obesity, voracity, and short stature: the impact of glutamate on the regulation of appetite. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 25–31.
14 A Monno , A Vezzani , A Bastone , et al. (1995) Extracellular glutamate levels in the hypothalamus and hippocampus of rats after acute or chronic oral intake of monosodium glutamate. Neurosci Lett 193, 45–48.
15 T Kondoh & K Torii (2008) MSG intake suppresses weight gain, fat deposition, and plasma leptin levels in male Sprague–Dawley rats. Physiol Behav 95, 135–144.
16 K He , L Zhao , ML Daviglus , et al. (2008) Association of monosodium glutamate intake with overweight in Chinese adults: the INTERMAP Study. Obesity 16, 1875–1880.
17 Z Shi , X Hu , B Yuan , et al. (2006) Association between serum ferritin, hemoglobin, iron intake, and diabetes in adults in Jiangsu, China. Diabetes Care 29, 1878–1883.
18 Z Shi , X Hu , B Yuan , et al. (2008) Strong negative association between intake of tofu and anemia among Chinese adults in Jiangsu, China. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 1146–1153.
19 Z Shi , X Hu , B Yuan , et al. (2008) Vegetable rich food pattern is related to obesity in China. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 975–984.
20 W Zhao , K Hasegawa & J Chen (2002) The use of food-frequency questionnaires for various purposes in China. Public Health Nutr 5, 829–833.
21 YP Li , YN He , FY Zhai , et al. (2006) Comparison of assessment of food intakes by using 3 dietary survey methods. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 40, 273–280.
22 Y Yang (2005) Chinese Food Composition Table 2004. Beijing: Peking University Medical Press.
23 WC Knowler , SE Fowler , RF Hamman , et al. (2009) 10-Year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet 374, 1677–1686, .
24 AE Field , S Malspeis & W Willett (2009) Weight cycling and mortality among middle-aged or older women. Arch Intern Med 169, 881–886.
25 F Imamura , AH Lichtenstein , GE Dallal , et al. (2009) Confounding by dietary patterns of the inverse association between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes risk. Am J Epidemiol 170, 37–45.
26 Y Wu (2006) Overweight and obesity in China. BMJ 333, 362–363.
27 PK Newby & KL Tucker (2004) Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review. Nutr Rev 62, 77–203.
28 NH Essed , WA van Staveren , FJ Kok , et al. (2007) No effect of 16 weeks flavour enhancement on dietary intake and nutritional status of nursing home elderly. Appetite 48, 29–36.
29 F Bellisle , AM Dalix , AS Chapppuis , et al. (1996) Monosodium glutamate affects mealtime food selection in diabetic patients. Appetite 26, 267–275.
30 J Loliger (2000) The use and utility of glutamate as flavouring agents in foods: function and importance of glutamate for savoury foods. J Nutr 130, 915S–920S.