Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Proposal of a Mediterranean diet index for pregnant women

  • Miguel Mariscal-Arcas (a1), Ana Rivas (a1), Celia Monteagudo (a1), Alicia Granada (a1), Isabel Cerrillo (a2) and Fatima Olea-Serrano (a1)...
Abstract

Numerous studies have addressed the nutritional needs of pregnant women. The nutritional status of the woman before and during gestation affects the growth of the fetus and the course of the pregnancy and influences the risk of obesity for mother and infant. The aim of this study was to propose a diet quality index for pregnancy based on a Mediterranean-type diet (MDS-P), evaluating the diet of a group of pregnant women by applying the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and evaluating their intake of micronutrients required in optimal amounts during pregnancy, such as Fe, folic acid and Ca. The data used to construct this index (MDS-P) were gathered by means of a FFQ specifically designed for pregnant women. The mean MDS of this group, was 4·31 (sd 1·32), considered to represent satisfactory compliance with the Mediterranean diet (range 0–8). The mean MDS-P (range 0–11), which also takes account of dietary intake or supplements of folic acid, Fe and Ca was 7·53 (sd 1·44), indicating a compliance of around 70 %. The present study findings suggest that the MDS-P, which evaluates the adequacy of folic acid, Fe and Ca as well as compliance with the Mediterranean diet, may represent a valid tool for the specific assessment of the diet of pregnant women living in countries in the Mediterranean area. Further studies are required to complete the validation process.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Proposal of a Mediterranean diet index for pregnant women
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Proposal of a Mediterranean diet index for pregnant women
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Proposal of a Mediterranean diet index for pregnant women
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Fatima Olea-Serrano, fax +34 958 249577, email folea@ugr.es
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1 BA Laraia , AM Siega-Riz , JS Kaufman , (2004) Proximity of supermarkets is positively associated with diet quality index for pregnancy. Prev Med 39, 869875.

6 GM Shaw , D Schaffer , EM Velie , (1995) Periconceptional vitamin use, dietary folate, and the occurrence of neural tube defects. Epidemiology 6, 219226.

7 AM Siega-Riz , TS Herrmann , DA Savitz , (2001) The frequency of eating during pregnancy and its effect on preterm delivery. Am J Epidemiol 153, 647652.

8 TO Scholl (2008) Maternal nutrition before and during pregnancy. Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 61, 7989.

9 SA Lederman , G Alfasi & RJ Deckelbaum (2002) Pregnancy associated obesity in black women in New York City. Matern Child Health J 6, 3742.

11 AM Siega-Riz , DA Savitz , SH Zeisel , (2004) Second trimester folate status and preterm birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol 191, 18511857.

12 AE Czeizel & E Puho (2005) Maternal use of nutritional supplements during the first month of pregnancy and decreased risk of Down's syndrome: case–control study. Nutrition 21, 698704.

14 TO Scholl , X Chen , CS Khoo , (2004) The dietary glycemic index during pregnancy: influence on infant birth weight, fetal growth, and biomarkers of carbohydrate metabolism. Am J Epidemiol Mar 159, 467474.

15 ME Pick , M Edwards , D Moreau , (2005) Assessment of diet quality in pregnant women using the Healthy Eating Index. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 240246.

16 TB Mikkelsen , ML Osterdal , VK Knudsen , (2008) Association between a Mediterranean-type diet and risk of preterm birth among Danish women: a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87, 325330.

17 AK Kant (1996) Indexes of overall diet quality: a review. J Am Diet Assoc 96, 785791.

18 A Drewnowski , SA Henderson , A Driscoll , (1997) The Dietary Variety Score: assessing diet quality in healthy young and older adults. J Am Diet Assoc 97, 266271.

19 ET Kennedy , J Ohls , S Carlson , (1995) The Healthy Eating Index: design and applications. J Am Diet Assoc 95, 11031108.

27 S Palma , R Perez-Iglesias , D Prieto , (2008) Iron but not folic acid supplementation reduces the risk of low birthweight in pregnant women without anaemia: a case–control study. J Epidemiol Community Health 62, 120124.

28 A Trichopoulou , T Costacou , C Bamia , (2003) Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population. N Engl J Med 348, 25992608.

31 A Rivas , I Cerrillo , A Granada , (2007) Pesticide exposure of two age groups of women and its relationship with their diet. Sci Total Environ 382, 1421.

33 A Trichopoulou , A Kouris-Blazos , ML Wahlqvist , (1995) Diet and overall survival in elderly people. Br Med J 311, 14571460.

36 A Trichopoulou , C Bamia & D Trichopoulos (2005) Mediterranean diet and survival among patients with coronary heart disease in Greece. Arch Intern Med 165, 929935.

39 A Trichopoulou , C Bamia , T Norat , (2007) Modified Mediterranean diet and survival after myocardial infarction: the EPIC-Elderly study. Eur J Epidemiol 22, 871881.

40 I Bondia-Pons , L Serra-Majem , AI Castellote , (2007) Compliance with the European and national nutritional objectives in a Mediterranean population. Eur J Clin Nutr 61, 13451351.

41 DB Panagiotakos , C Pitsavos , C Chrysohoou , (2008) The effect of clinical characteristics and dietary habits on the relationship between education status and 5-year incidence of cardiovascular disease: the ATTICA study. Eur J Nutr 47, 258265.

42 F Hardin-Fanning (2008) The effects of a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern on cardiovascular disease risk. Nurs Clin North Am 43, 105115.

43 J Vioque , T Weinbrenner , A Castelló , (2008) Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults. Obesity 16, 664670.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 61 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 108 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.