Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Self-reported energy intake by FFQ compared with actual energy intake to maintain body weight in 516 adults

  • Els Siebelink (a1), Anouk Geelen (a1) and Jeanne H. M. de Vries (a1)
Abstract

It is generally assumed that a FFQ is not suitable to estimate the absolute levels of individual energy intake. However, in epidemiological studies, reported nutrients by FFQ are often corrected for this intake. The objective of the present study was to assess how accurately participants report their energy intakes by FFQ. We compared reported energy intake with actual energy intake needed to maintain stable body weights during eleven controlled dietary trials. FFQ were developed to capture at least 90 % of energy intake. Participants, 342 women and 174 men, with a mean BMI of 22·8 (sd 3·1) kg/m2 filled out the FFQ just before the trials. Energy intakes during the trials were calculated from provided foods and reported free-food items, representing 90 and 10 % of energy intake, respectively. Mean reported energy intake was 97·5 (sd 12·7) % of actual energy intake during the trials; it was 98·9 (sd 15·2) % for women and 94·7 (sd 16·3) % for men (P = 0·004 for difference between sexes). Correlation coefficients between reported and actual energy intakes were 0·82 for all participants, 0·74 for women and 0·80 for men. Individual reported energy intake as a percentage of actual intake ranged from 56·3 to 159·6 % in women and from 43·8 to 151·0 % in men. In conclusion, the FFQ appeared to be accurate for estimating the mean level of energy intakes of these participants and for ranking them according to their intake. However, the large differences found on the individual level may affect the results of epidemiological studies in an unknown direction if nutrients are corrected for energy intakes reported by FFQ.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Self-reported energy intake by FFQ compared with actual energy intake to maintain body weight in 516 adults
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Self-reported energy intake by FFQ compared with actual energy intake to maintain body weight in 516 adults
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Self-reported energy intake by FFQ compared with actual energy intake to maintain body weight in 516 adults
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: E. Siebelink, fax +31 317 483342, email els.siebelink@wur.nl
References
Hide All
1 Kipnis, V, Subar, AF, Midthune, D, et al. (2003) Structure of dietary measurement error: results of the OPEN biomarker study. Am J Epidemiol 158, 1421.
2 Bingham, SA, Luben, R, Welch, A, et al. (2003) Are imprecise methods obscuring a relation between fat and breast cancer? Lancet 362, 212214.
3 Freedman, LS, Potischman, N, Kipnis, V, et al. (2006) A comparison of two dietary instruments for evaluating the fat-breast cancer relationship. Int J Epidemiol 35, 10111021.
4 Schatzkin, A, Kipnis, V, Carroll, RJ, et al. (2003) A comparison of a food frequency questionnaire with a 24-hour recall for use in an epidemiological cohort study: results from the biomarker-based Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study. Int J Epidemiol 32, 10541062.
5 Thompson, FE, Kipnis, V, Midthune, D, et al. (2008) Performance of a food-frequency questionnaire in the US NIH-AARP (National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons) Diet and Health Study. Public Health Nutr 11, 183195.
6 Lissner, L, Troiano, RP, Midthune, D, et al. (2007) OPEN about obesity: recovery biomarkers, dietary reporting errors and BMI. Int J Obes 31, 956961.
7 Subar, AF, Thompson, FE, Kipnis, V, et al. (2001) Comparative validation of the Block, Willett, and National Cancer Institute food frequency questionnaires: the Eating at America's Table Study. Am J Epidemiol 154, 10891099.
8 Livingstone, MB & Black, AE (2003) Markers of the validity of reported energy intake. J Nutr 133, Suppl. 3, 895S920S.
9 Willett, WC, Howe, GR & Kushi, LH (1997) Adjustment for total energy intake in epidemiologic studies. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 1220S1228S; discussion 1229S–1231S.
10 Andersen, LF, Tomten, H, Haggarty, P, et al. (2003) Validation of energy intake estimated from a food frequency questionnaire: a doubly labelled water study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 279284.
11 Kroke, A, Klipstein-Grobusch, K, Voss, S, et al. (1999) Validation of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire administered in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study: comparison of energy, protein, and macronutrient intakes estimated with the doubly labeled water, urinary nitrogen, and repeated 24-h dietary recall methods. Am J Clin Nutr 70, 439447.
12 Subar, AF, Kipnis, V, Troiano, RP, et al. (2003) Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study. Am J Epidemiol 158, 113.
13 de Vries, JH, Zock, PL, Mensink, RP, et al. (1994) Underestimation of energy intake by 3-d records compared with energy intake to maintain body weight in 269 nonobese adults. Am J Clin Nutr 60, 855860.
14 Alles, MS, Hartemink, R, Meyboom, S, et al. (1999) Effect of transgalactooligosaccharides on the composition of the human intestinal microflora and on putative risk markers for colon cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 980991.
15 Bos, MB, de Vries, JH, Feskens, EJ, et al. (2010) Effect of a high monounsaturated fatty acids diet and a Mediterranean diet on serum lipids and insulin sensitivity in adults with mild abdominal obesity. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 20, 591598.
16 Brouwer, IA, van Dusseldorp, M, West, CE, et al. (1999) Dietary folate from vegetables and citrus fruit decreases plasma homocysteine concentrations in humans in a dietary controlled trial. J Nutr 129, 11351139.
17 Castenmiller, JJ, van de Poll, CJ, West, CE, et al. (2000) Bioavailability of folate from processed spinach in humans. Effect of food matrix and interaction with carotenoids. Ann Nutr Metab 44, 163169.
18 de Jong, RJ, Verwei, M, West, CE, et al. (2005) Bioavailability of folic acid from fortified pasteurised and UHT-treated milk in humans. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 906913.
19 de Roos, NM, Bots, ML, Siebelink, E, et al. (2001) Flow-mediated vasodilation is not impaired when HDL-cholesterol is lowered by substituting carbohydrates for monounsaturated fat. Br J Nutr 86, 181188.
20 de Roos, NM, Siebelink, E, Bots, ML, et al. (2002) Trans monounsaturated fatty acids and saturated fatty acids have similar effects on postprandial flow-mediated vasodilation. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 674679.
21 Van Loo-Bouwman, CA, West, CE, van Breemen, RB, et al. (2009) Vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene in healthy adults: limitation of the extrinsic dual-isotope dilution technique to measure matrix effect. Br J Nutr 101, 18371845.
22 Wanders, AJ, Brouwer, IA, Siebelink E, et al. (2010) Effect of a high intake of conjugated linoleic acid on lipoprotein levels in healthy human subjects. PLoS One 5, e9000.
23 Weggemans, RM, Zock, PL, Meyboom, S, et al. (2000) Apolipoprotein A4-1/2 polymorphism and response of serum lipids to dietary cholesterol in humans. J Lipid Res 41, 16231628.
24 Winkels, RM, Brouwer, IA, Siebelink, E, et al. (2007) Bioavailability of food folates is 80 % of that of folic acid. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 465473.
25 Netherlands Nutrition Centre (1998) Zo eet Nederland 1998 (in Dutch). (Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 1998). The Hague: Netherlands Nutrition Centre.
26 Netherlands Nutrition Centre (1993) Zo eet Nederland 1992 (in Dutch). (Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 1992). The Hague: Netherlands Nutrition Centre.
27 Hulshof, KFAM & Van Staveren, WA (1991) The Dutch National Food Consumption Survey: design, methods and first results. Food Policy 16, 257260.
28 Feunekes, GI, Van Staveren, WA, De Vries, JH, et al. (1993) Relative and biomarker-based validity of a food-frequency questionnaire estimating intake of fats and cholesterol. Am J Clin Nutr 58, 489496.
29 Nevo (1993) Dutch Food Composition Database 1993. The Hague: Stichting Nevo.
30 Nevo (2001) Dutch Food Composition Database 2001. The Hague: Stichting Nevo.
31 Subar, AF, Thompson, FE, Smith, AF, et al. (1995) Improving food frequency questionnaires: a qualitative approach using cognitive interviewing. J Am Diet Assoc 95, 781788; quiz 789–790.
32 Verkleij-Hagoort, AC, de Vries, JHM, Stegers, MPG, et al. (2007) Validation of the assessment of folate and vitamin B12 intake in women of reproductive age: the method of triads. Eur J Clin Nutr 61, 610615.
33 Health Council of the Netherlands (2006) Guidelines for a Healthy Diet. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands.
34 Nevo (1996) Dutch Food Composition Database 1996. The Hague: Stichting Nevo.
35 Nevo (2006) Dutch Food Composition Database 2006. The Hague: Stichting Nevo.
36 Southgate, DA & Durnin, JV (1970) Calorie conversion factors. An experimental reassessment of the factors used in the calculation of the energy value of human diets. Br J Nutr 24, 517535.
37 Shils, ME, Shile, M, Ross, AC, et al. (2006) Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 10th ed., p. 982. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
38 Molag, ML, de Vries, JH, Ocke, MC, et al. (2007) Design characteristics of food frequency questionnaires in relation to their validity. Am J Epidemiol 166, 14681478.
39 Tooze, JA, Subar, AF, Thompson, FE, et al. (2004) Psychosocial predictors of energy underreporting in a large doubly labeled water study. Am J Clin Nutr 79, 795804.
40 Black, AE, Prentice, AM, Goldberg, GR, et al. (1993) Measurements of total energy expenditure provide insights into the validity of dietary measurements of energy intake. J Am Diet Assoc 93, 572579.
41 de Vries, JH, de Groot, LC & van Staveren, WA (2009) Dietary assessment in elderly people: experiences gained from studies in the Netherlands. Eur J Clin Nutr 63, Suppl. 1, S69S74.
42 Margetts, BM, Thompson, RL, Key, T, et al. (1995) Development of a scoring system to judge the scientific quality of information from case–control and cohort studies of nutrition and disease. Nutr Cancer 24, 231239.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed