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The effects of concentrated barley β-glucan on blood lipids in a population of hypercholesterolaemic men and women

  • Joseph M. Keenan (a1), Melanie Goulson (a2), Tatyana Shamliyan (a1), Nathan Knutson (a2), Lore Kolberg (a2) and Leslie Curry (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114507682968
  • Published online: 01 June 2007
Abstract

Barley, like oats, is a rich source of the soluble fibre β-glucan, which has been shown to significantly lower LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C). However, barley foods have been less widely studied. Therefore, we evaluated the LDL-C-lowering effect of a concentrated barley β-glucan (BBG) extract as a vehicle to deliver this potential health benefit of barley. In a 10-week blinded controlled study, subjects were randomized to one of four treatment groups or control. Treatment groups included either high molecular weight (HMW) or low molecular weight (LMW) BBG at both 3 and 5 g doses. Treatment was delivered twice per day with meals in the form of two functional food products: a ready-to-eat cereal and a reduced-calorie fruit juice beverage. Levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), and TAG were determined at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment. The study group comprised 155 subjects. All treatments were well tolerated and after 6 weeks of treatment the mean LDL-C levels fell by 15 % in the 5 g HMW group, 13 % in the 5 g LMW group and 9 % in both the 3 g/d groups, versus baseline. Similar results were observed for total cholesterol. HDL-C levels were unchanged by treatment. Concentrated BBG significantly improves LDL-C and total cholesterol among moderately dyslipidaemic subjects. Food products containing concentrated BBG should be considered an effective option for improving blood lipids.

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*Corresponding author: Joseph M. Keenan, MD, fax 612-625-0640, keena001@umn.edu
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LA Bazzano , J He , LG Ogden , CM Loria & PK Whelton (2003) Dietary fiber intake and reduced risk of coronary heart disease in US men and women: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Arch Intern Med 163, 18971904.

KM Behall , DJ Scholfield & J Hallfrisch (1997) Effect of beta-glucan level in oat fiber extracts on blood lipids in men and women. J Am Coll Nutr 16, 4651.

KM Behall , DJ Scholfield & J Hallfrisch (2004 b) Lipids significantly reduced by diets containing barley in moderately hypercholesterolemic men. J Am Coll Nutr 23, 5562.

DR Jacobs Jr & DD Gallaher (2004) Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a review. Curr Atheroscler Rep 6, 415423.

JA Marlett , KB Hosig , NW Vollendorf , FL Shinnick , VS Haack & JA Story (1994) Mechanism of serum cholesterol reduction by oat bran. Hepatology 20, 14501457.

National Cholesterol Education Program (2001) Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA 285, 24862497.

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K Yamada , Y Tokunaga , A Ikeda , (1999) Dietary effect of guar gum and its partially hydrolyzed product on the lipid metabolism and immune function of Sprague-Dawley rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 63, 21632167.

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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