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Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study

  • Julia Baudry (a1), Mathilde Touvier (a1), Benjamin Allès (a1), Sandrine Péneau (a1), Caroline Méjean (a1), Pilar Galan (a1), Serge Hercberg (a1) (a2), Denis Lairon (a3) and Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot (a1)...
Abstract

Limited information is available on large-scale populations regarding the socio-demographic and nutrient profiles and eating behaviour of consumers, taking into account both organic and conventional foods. The aims of this study were to draw up a typology of consumers according to their eating habits, based both on their dietary patterns and the mode of food production, and to outline their socio-demographic, behavioural and nutritional characteristics. Data were collected from 28 245 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary information was obtained using a 264-item, semi-quantitative, organic FFQ. To identify clusters of consumers, principal component analysis was applied on sixteen conventional and sixteen organic food groups followed by a clustering procedure. The following five clusters of consumers were identified: (1) a cluster characterised by low energy intake, low consumption of organic food and high prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes; (2) a cluster of big eaters of conventional foods with high intakes of SFA and cholesterol; (3) a cluster with high consumption of organic food and relatively adequate nutritional diet quality; (4) a group with a high percentage of organic food consumers, 14 % of which were either vegetarians or vegans, who exhibited a high nutritional diet quality and a low prevalence of inadequate intakes of most vitamins except B12; and (5) a group of moderate organic food consumers with a particularly high intake of proteins and alcohol and a poor nutritional diet quality. These findings may have implications for future aetiological studies investigating the potential impact of organic food consumption.

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Corresponding author
* Corresponding author: J. Baudry, email j.baudry@eren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr
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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
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