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Robert S. Erikson , ‘The Advantage of Incumbency in Congressional Elections’, Polity, 3 (1971), 395–405
Robert S. Erikson , ‘Malapportionment, Gerrymandering, and Party Fortunes in Congressional Elections’. American Political Science Review, 66 (1972), 1234–55
Richard Born , ‘Generational Replacement and the Growth of Incumbent Reelection in the US House’, American Political Science Review, 73 (1979), 811–17
James L. Payne , ‘The Personal Electoral Advantage of House Incumbents’, American Politics Quarterly, 8 (1980), 375–98
John R. Alford and John R. Hibbing , ‘Increased Incumbency Advantage in the House’. Journal of Politics, 43 (1981), 1042–61
James C. Garand and Donald A. Gross , ‘Change in the Vote Margins for Congressional Candidates: A Specification of the Historical Trends’, American Political Science Review, 78 (1984), 17–30
John A. Ferejohn , ‘On the Decline of Competition in Congressional Elections’, American Political Science Review, 28 (1977), 127–46
Candice Nelson , ‘The Effects of Incumbency on Voting in Congressional Elections’, Political Science Quarterly, 93 (1978–1979), 665–78
Thomas E. Mann and Raymond E. Wolfinger , ‘Candidates and Parties in Congressional Elections’, American Political Science Review, 74 (1980), 617–32
Keith Krehbiel and John R. Wright , ‘The Incumbency Effect in Congressional Elections: A Test of Two Explanations’, American Journal of Political Science, 27 (1983), 140–57
Bruce Cain , John Ferejohn and Morris Fiorina , The Personal Vote: Constituency Service and Electoral Independence (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987).
John Blydenburgh , ‘A Controlled Experiment to Measure the Effects of Personal Contact Campaigning’, Midwest Journal of Political Science, 15 (1971), 365–81
Albert D. Cover and Bruce S. Blumberg , ‘Baby Books and Ballots: The Impact of Congressional Mail on Constituent Opinion’, American Political Science Review, 76 (1982), 347–59
Timothy E. Cook , ‘Review Essay’, American Political Science Review, 77 (1983), 1017–18
Paul Feldman and James Jondrow , ‘Congressional Elections and Local Federal Spending’, American Journal of Political Science, 28 (1984), 147–64.
John R. Johannes and John C. McAdams , ‘The Congressional Incumbency Effect: Is It Casework, Policy Compatibility, or Something Else?’ American Journal of Political Science, 25 (1981), 543–67.
Malcolm E. Jewell and David Breaux , ‘The Effect of Incumbency on State Legislative Elections’, Legislative Studies Quarterly 13 (1989). 495–514.
Nelson W. Polsby , ‘The Institutionalization of the House of Representatives’, American Political Science Review, 62 (1968), 144–68, Table 6.
B. W. Silverman , Density Estimation for Statistics and Data Analysis (London: Chapman and Hall.1986)