Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Role of Social Groups in Political Thinking

Abstract

This article outlines a cognitive-affective model of the role of social groups in political thinking. The model is based on the assumptions that people have stored information and emotional reactions to social groups, and that people are purposive in their thinking about social groups in the sense that they are interested in understanding what various groups have obtained and whether it is deserved. The process through which social groups influence political thinking varies significantly depending upon whether an individual identifies with the group in question. Generally, people are more inclined to feel sympathetic towards the groups to which they belong. These ideas are illustrated with an empirical analysis that focuses on women's issues and makes use of data collected in the 1984 National Election Study Pilot Study.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Ethel Klein , Gender Politics (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984)

Arthur Miller , Patricia Gurin , Gerald Gurin and Oksana Malanchuk , ‘Group Consciousness and Political Participation’, American Journal of Political Science, 25 (1981), 494511

Patricia Gurin , Arthur Miller and Gerald Gurin , ‘Stratum Identification and Consciousness’, Social Psychological Quarterly, 43 (1980), 3047

Patricia Gurin , ‘Women's Gender Consciousness’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 49 (1985), 143–63

Richard D. Shingles , ‘Black Consciousness and Political Participation: The Missing Link’, American Political Science Review, 75 (1981), 7691

David O. Sears , Carl P. Hensler and L. K. Speer , ‘Whites' Opposition to “Busing”: Self-interest or Symbolic Politics?’, American Political Science Review, 73 (1979), 369–84

David O. Sears , Richard R. Lau , Tom R. Tyler and Harris M. Allen Jr, ‘Self-Interest versus Symbolic Politics in Policy Attitudes and Presidential Voting’, American Political Science Review, 74 (1980), 670–84

R. D. Vanneman and Thomas F. Pettigrew , ‘Race and Relative Deprivation in the Urban United States’, Race, 13 (1972), 461–86.

Lawrence Bobo , ‘Whites' Opposition to Busing: Symbolic Racism or Realistic Group Conflict?’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45 (1983), 1196–210

Donald R. Kinder and David O. Sears , ‘Prejudice and Politics: Symbolic Racism versus Racial Threats to the Good Life’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40 (1981), 414–31

James R. Kluegel and Eliot R. Smith , ‘Whites' Beliefs about Blacks' Opportunity’, American Sociological Review, 47 (1982), 518–32.

John C. Brigham , ‘Ethnic Stereotypes’, Psychological Bulletin, 76 (1971), 1538

Pamela Johnston Conover and Stanley Feldman , ‘How People Organize the Political World: A Schematic Model’, American Journal of Political Science, 25 (1984), 617–45

Susan T. Fiske and Patricia W. Linville , ‘What Does the Schema Concept Buy Us?’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6 (1980), 543–57, p. 543.

Tom R. Tyler , Kenneth A. Rasinski and K. M. McGraw , ‘The Influence of Perceived Injustice Upon Support for the President, Political Authorities, and Government Institutions’, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 15 (1985), 700–25.

Richard M. Merelman , ‘Domination, Self- Justification and Self-Doubt: Some Social-Psychological Considerations’, Journal of Politics, 48 (1986), 276300.

Stanley Feldman , ‘Economic Self-interest and Political Behavior’, American Journal of Political Science, 26 (1982), 446–66

Stanley Feldman , ‘Economic Individualism and American Public Opinion’, American Politics Quarterly, 11 (1983), 330

Herbert McClosky and John Zaller , The American Ethos: Public Attitudes Towards Capitalism and Democracy (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984)

A. W. Gouldner , ‘The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement’, American Sociological Review, 25 (1960), 161–79

Hazel Markus , Marie Crane , Stan Bernstein and Michael Saladi , ‘Self-Schemas and Gender’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42 (1982), 3850.

N. A. Kuiper and T. B. Rogers , ‘The Encoding of Personal Information: Self-Other Differences’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37 (1979), 449514.

Marilynn B. Brewer , ‘In-Group Bias in the Minimal Intergroup Situation: A Cognitive-Motivational Analysis’, Psychological Bulletin, 86 (1979), 307–24.

Thomas F. Pettigrew , ‘The Ultimate Attribution Error: Extending Allport's Cognitive Analysis of Prejudice’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 5 (1979), 461–76.

Roderick M. Kramer and Marilynn B. Brewer , ‘Effects of Group Identity on Resource Use in a Simulated Commons Dilemma’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46 (1984), 1044–57.

Edward G. Carmines and James A. Stimson , ‘Racial Issues and the Structure of Mass Belief Systems’, Journal of Politics, 44 (1982), 220.

Debra Kalmuss , Patricia Gurin and Aloen L. Townsend , ‘Feminist and Sympathetic Feminist Consciousness’, European Journal of Social Psychology, 11 (1981), 131–47

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×