Achen Christopher H. 2000. Why Lagged Dependent Variables Can Suppress the Explanatory Power of Other Independent Variables. Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Political Methodology Society, Los Angeles, CA, 20–22 July.
Allison Paul D. 2009. Fixed Effects Regression Models. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Allstate/National Journal Heartland Monitor Poll. 2009. Conducted by FD America, 24–28 September 2009. Data Provided by The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut.
Bagwell Kyle, and Staiger Robert W.. 2003. Protection and the Business Cycle. Advances in Economic Analysis & Policy
Bastounis Marina, Leiser David, and Roland-Lévy Christine. 2004. Psychosocial Variables Involved in the Construction of Lay Thinking About the Economy: Results of a Cross-National Survey. Journal of Economic Psychology
Bauer Raymond Augustine, Pool Ithiel de Sola, and Dexter Lewis Anthony. 1963. American Business and Public Policy: The Politics of Foreign Trade. New York: Atherton Press.
Bohara Alok, and Kaempfer William H.. 1991. A Test of Tariff Endogeneity in the United States. American Economic Review
Bown Chad P., and Crowley Meredith A.. 2013. Import Protection, Business Cycles, and Exchange Rates: Evidence from the Great Recession. Journal of International Economics
Burgoon Brian, and Hiscox Michael J.. 2003. The Mysterious Case of Female Protectionism: Gender Bias in the Attitudes and Politics of International Trade. Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA, 28–31 August.
Cassar Alessandra, Healy Andrew, and Kessler Carl von. 2011. Trust, Risk, and Time Preferences after a Natural Disaster: Experimental Evidence from Thailand. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Economics, University of San Francisco.
Corden W. Max. 1993. The Revival of Protectionism in Developing Countries. In Protectionism and World Welfare, edited by Dominick Salvatore, 54–79. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cowhey Peter. 2013. Crafting Trade Strategy in the Great Recession: The Obama Administration and the Changing Political Economy of the United States. In Politics in the New Hard Times: The Great Recession in Comparative Perspective, edited by Miles Kahler and David A. Lake, 212–232. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Dollard John, Doob Leonard W., Miller Neal E., Mowrer O. H., and Sears Robert R.. 1939. Frustration and Aggression. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Drezner Daniel W. 2014. The System Worked: Global Economic Governance During the Great Recession. World Politics
Duckitt John. 1994. The Social Psychology of Prejudice. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Ehrlich Sean, and Maestas Cherie. 2010. Risk Orientation, Risk Exposure and Policy Opinions: The Case of Free Trade. Political Psychology
Gawande Kishore, Hoekman Bernard, and Cui Yue. 2014. Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy Responses to the 2008 Crisis. World Bank Economic Review
Goldstein Judith L., and Peters Margaret E.. 2014. Nativism or Economic Threat: Attitudes toward Immigrants During the Great Recession. International Interactions
Gourevitch Peter. 1986. Politics in Hard Times: Comparative Responses to International Economic Crises. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Green Donald P., Glaser Jack, and Rich Andrew. 1998. From Lynching to Gay Bashing: The Elusive Connection between Economic Conditions and Hate Crime. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Guisinger Alexandra. 2009. Determining Trade Policy: Do Voters Hold Politicians Accountable?
Guiso Luigi, Sapienza Paola, and Zingales Luigi. 2013. Time Varying Risk Aversion. Working Paper No. 19284. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Haggard Stephan. 2013. Politics in Hard Times Revisited: The 2008-9 Financial Crisis in Emerging Markets. In Politics in the New Hard Times: The Great Recession in Comparative Perspective, edited by Miles Kahler and David A. Lake, 52–74. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Hainmueller Jens, and Hiscox Michael J.. 2006. Learning to Love Globalization: Education and Individual Attitudes Toward International Trade. International Organization
Hepworth Joseph T., and West Stephen G.. 1988. Lynchings and the Economy: A Time-Series Reanalysis of Hovland and Sears (1940). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Herrmann Richard K., Tetlock Philip E., and Diascro Matthew N.. 2001. How Americans Think About Trade: Reconciling Conflicts Among Money, Power, and Principles. International Studies Quarterly
Hiscox Michael J. 2006. Through a Glass and Darkly: Attitudes Toward International Trade and the Curious Effects of Issue Framing. International Organization
Hoyle Rick H., Harris Monica J., and Judd Charles M.. 2001. Research Methods in Social Relations, 7th edition. Independence, KY: Cengage Learning.
Huddy Leonie and Feldman Stanley. 2011. Americans Respond Politically to 9/11: Understanding the Impact of the Terrorist Attacks and their Aftermath. American Psychologist
Irwin Douglas A. 1996. Against the Tide: An Intellectual History of Free Trade. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Irwin Douglas A. 2002. Free Trade under Fire. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Irwin Douglas A. 2005. The Rise of US Anti-Dumping Activity in Historical Perspective. The World Economy
Johnston Christopher D. 2013. Dispositional Sources of Economic Protectionism. Public Opinion Quarterly
Kahler Miles, and Lake David A., eds. 2013. Politics in the New Hard Times: The Great Recession in Comparative Perspective. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Kee Hiau Looi, Neagu Cristina, and Nicita Alessandro. 2013. Is Protectionism on the Rise? Assessing National Trade Policies During the Crisis of 2008. Review of Economics and Statistics
Kenworthy Lane, and Owens Lindsay A.. 2012. The Polls – Trends: Confidence in Banks, Financial Institutions and Wall Street, 1971–2011. Public Opinion Quarterly
Kletzer Lori G. 2004. Trade-Related Job Loss and Wage Insurance: A Synthetic Review. Review of International Economics
Kono Daniel Y. 2008. Does Public Opinion Affect Trade Policy? Business and Politics
Lerner Jennifer S., and Keltner Dacher. 2000. Beyond Valence: Toward a Model of Emotion-Specific Influences on Judgment and Choice. Cognition and Emotion
Lerner Jennifer S., and Keltner Dacher. 2001. Fear, Anger, and Risk. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Levine Adam Seth. 2015. American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Liu Cong. 2004. Multi-Item Measures. In Encyclopedia of Research Methods for the Social Sciences, edited by Michael S. Lewis-Beck, Alan Bryman, and Tim Futing Liao, 674. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll, January. 2008. [USLAT.012408.R47] Data provided by The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut.
Magee Stephen P., Brock William A., and Young Leslie. 1989. Black Hole Tariffs and Endogenous Policy Theory: Political Economy in General Equilibrium. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Maggiotto Michael A., and Wittkopf Eugene R.. 1981. American Public Attitudes toward Foreign Policy. International Studies Quarterly
Malmendier Ulrike, and Nagel Stefan. 2011. Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk-Taking?
Quarterly Journal of Economics
Mansfield Edward D., and Mutz Diana C.. 2009. Support for Free Trade: Self-Interest, Sociotropic Politics, and Out-Group Anxiety. International Organization
Mansfield Edward D., and Busch Marc L.. 1995. The Political Economy of Nontariff Barriers: A Cross-National Analysis. International Organization
Mayda Anna Maria, and Rodrik Dani. 2005. Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist than Others?
European Economic Review
Mutz Diana C. 1993. Direct and Indirect Routes to Politicizing Personal Experience: Does Knowledge Make a Difference?
Public Opinion Quarterly
Mutz Diana C. 1994. Contextualizing Personal Experience: The Role of Mass Media. Journal of Politics
Mutz Diana C. 2014. Is Trade Perceived to be Zero Sum? American Perceptions of the Impact of Trade on U.S. and Trading Partner Countries. Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, 28–31 August.
National Bureau of Economic Research. 2010. Business Cycle Dating Committee. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Available from http://www.nber.org/cycles/sept2010.html, accessed 1 October 2016.
O’Rourke Kevin H., and Sinnott Richard. 2001. The Determinants of Individual Trade Policy Preferences: International Survey Evidence. Brookings Trade Forum
Renshon Jonathan, Lee Jooa Julia, and Tingley Dustin. 2015. Physiological Arousal and Political Beliefs. Political Psychology
Rodrik Dani. 1995. Political Economy of Trade Policy. In Handbook of International Economics, Vol. 3, edited by Gene M. Grossman and Kenneth Rogoff, 1457–1494. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Sabet Shahrzad. 2013. What’s in a Name? Isolating the Effect of Prejudice on Individual Trade Preferences. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, 29 August–1 September.
Scheve Kenneth F., and Slaughter Matthew J.. 2001. What Determines Individual Trade-Policy Preferences. Journal of International Economics
Sears David O., and Funk Carolyn. 1990. The Limited Effect of Economic Self-Interest on the Political Attitudes of the Mass Public. Journal of Behavioral Economics
Seib Gerald F. 2010. How Hard Times Prompt Americans to Turn Inward. Wall Street Journal. 17 August.
. 2001. All in the Familia. The Economist. 19 April.
. 2013. The Gated Globe. The Economist. 12 October.
. 2014. How to Make the World $600 Billion Poorer: Barack Obama’s Unwillingness to Fight for Free Trade is an Expensive Mistake. The Economist. 22 February.
US Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2012. The Recession of 2007–2009. Washington, DC: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Wittkopf Eugene R., and Maggiotto Michael A.. 1983. Elites and Masses: A Comparative Analysis of Attitudes toward America’s World Role. Journal of Politics