Arcenaux, Kevin. 2007. I’m Asking for Your Support: The Effects of Personally Delivered Campaign Messages on Voting Decisions and Opinion Formation. Quarterly Journal of Political Science
Arriola, Leonardo R.
2012. Multiethnic Coalitions in Africa: Business Financing of Opposition Elections. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baker, Andy, Ames, Barry, and Renno, Lucio. 2006. Social Context and Campaign Volatility: Networks and Neighborhoods in Brazil’s 2002 Election. American Journal of Political Science
Bartels, Larry. 1993. Message Received: the Political Impact of Media Exposure. American Political Science Review
Berelson, Bernard R., Lazarsfeld, Paul F., and McPhee, William N.. 1954. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Bleck, Jamie, and Van de Walle, Nicolas. 2012. Valence Issues in African Elections: Navigating Uncertainty and the Weight of the Past. Comparative Political Studies
Boas, Taylor C., and Hidalgo, F. Daniel. 2011. Controlling the Airwaves: Incumbency Advantage and Community Radio in Brazil. American Journal of Political Science
Branch, Daniel, and Cheeseman, Nic. 2006. The Politics of Control in Kenya: Understanding the Bureaucratic-Executive State, 1952–78. Review of African Political Economy
Burgess, Robin, Jedwab, Remi, Miguel, Edward, Morjaria, Ameet, and Padró i Miquel, Gerard. 2015. The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya. American Economic Review
Bwayo, Philip. 2013. Raila Urges Uhuru to Donate ‘Family’ Land. The Nation, February 21, p. 8.
Campbell, Angus, Converse, Philip E., Miller, Warren E., and Stokes, Donald E.. 1960. The American Voter. New York: Wiley.
Campbell, James E.
2001. Presidential Election Campaigns and Partisanship. In American Political Parties: Decline or Resurgence? edited by Jeffrey E. Cohen, Richard Fleisher and Paul Kantor, 11–29. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Casey, Katherine. 2015. Crossing Party Lines: The Effects of Information on Redistributive Politics. American Economic Review
Carlson, Elizabeth. 2015. Ethnic Voting and Accountability in Africa: A Choice Experiment in Uganda. World Politics
Carsey, Thomas M.
1995. The Contextual Effects of Race on White Voter Behavior: The 1989 New York City Mayoral Election. Journal of Politics
Chandra, Kanchan. 2004. Why Ethnic Parties Succeed: Patronage and Ethnic Headcounts in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chauchard, Simon. 2016. Unpacking Ethnic Preferences: Theory and Micro-Level Evidence from Northern India. Comparative Political Studies
Cheeseman, Nic, Lynch, Gabrielle, and Willis, Justin. 2014. Democracy and Its Discontents: Understanding Kenya’s 2013 Elections. Journal of Eastern African Studies
Conroy-Krutz, Jeffrey K.
2013. Information and Ethnic Politics in Africa. British Journal of Political Science
Converse, Philip. 1964. The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics. In Ideology and Discontent, edited by David Apter, 206–261. New York: Free Press.
DellaVigna, Stefano, and Kaplan, Ethan. 2007. The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting. Quarterly Journal of Economics
Delli Carpini, Michael X., and Keeter, Scott. 1996. What Americans Know about Politics and Why It Matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Dunning, Thad, and Harrison, Lauren. 2010. Cross-cutting Cleavages and Ethnic Voting: An Experimental Study of Cousinage in Mali. American Political Science Review
Fearon, James. 2003. Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country. Journal of Economic Growth
Ferree, Karen E.
2011. Framing the Race in South Africa: The Political Origins of Racial Census Elections. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fitzgerald, John, Gottschalk, Peter, and Moffitt, Robert. 1998. An Analysis of Sample Attrition in Panel Data. Journal of Human Resources
Flores-Macias, Francisco. 2009. Electoral Volatility in 2006. In Consolidating Mexico’s Democracy, edited by Jorge I., Domingez, Chappell Lawson and Alejandro Moreno, 191–208. Baltimore, MA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Franck, Raphael, and Rainer, Ilia. 2012. Does the Leader’s Ethnicity Matter? Ethnic Favoritism, Education, and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa. American Political Science Review
Fridy, Kevin S.
2012. Where Are Ghana’s Swing Voters? A Look at the Voters Responsible for Alternating Power in One of Africa’s Most Successful Democracies. Africa Review
Greene, Kenneth F.
2011. Campaign Persuasion and Nascent Partisanship in Mexico’s New Democracy. American Journal of Political Science
Harris, Adam. 2015. When Voting is Not Black and White: Using Ethnic Proximity to Predict Political Preferences. Working paper, Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.
Haugerud, Angelique. 1993. The Culture of Politics in Modern Kenya. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Jackman, Simon. 2003. Voter Decision Making in Election 2000: Campaign Effects, Partisan Activation, and the Clinton Legacy. American Journal of Political Science
Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Shields, Todd. 2008. The Persuadable Voter: Wedge Issues in Presidential Campaigns. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Horowitz, Donald L.
1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Horowitz, Jeremy. 2012. Campaigns and Ethnic Polarization in Kenya. Ph.D. dissertation, San Diego: University of California.
Horowitz, Jeremy. 2016. The Ethnic Logic of Campaign Strategy in Diverse Societies: Evidence from Kenya. Comparative Political Studies
Horowitz, Jeremy. 2017. Replication Data for: Ethnicity and the Swing Vote in Africa's Emerging Democracies: Evidence from Kenya. Available from http:doi:10.7910/DVN/ZYCCZM, Harvard Dataverse, V1, UNF:6:rbdn1UyFnHWxSzI1FPm+5g==.
Huckfeldt, Robert, and Sprague, John. 1995. Citizens, Politics, and Social Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ichino, Nahomi, and Nathan, Noah L.. 2013. Crossing the Line: Local Ethnic Geography and Voting in Ghana. American Political Science Review
Iyengar, Shanto, and Kinder, Donald. 1987. News That Matters: Television and American Opinion. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Iyengar, Shanto, and Simon, Adam F.. 2000. New Perspectives and Evidence on Political Communication and Campaign Effects. Annual Review of Psychology
Jablonski, Ryan S.
2014. Does Aid Buy Votes? How Electoral Strategies Shape the Distribution of Aid. World Politics
Jackson, Robert H., and Rosberg, Carl G.. 1984. Personal Rule: Theory and Practice in Africa. Comparative Politics
Kaufmann, Karen M., Petrocik, John R., and Shaw, Daron R.. 2008. Unconventional Wisdom: Facts and Myths about American Voters. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kpsang, Wyclieff. 2013. Cord Calls for Tolerance as Crowd Turns Unruly. The Nation, February 24.
Kramon, Eric, and Posner, Daniel N.. 2016. Ethnic Favoritism in Primary Education in Kenya. Quarterly Journal of Political Science
Ladd, Jonathan McDonald, and Lenz, Gabriel S.. 2009. Exploiting a Rare Communication Shift to Document the Persuasive Power of the News Media. American Journal of Political Science
Lawson, Chappell, and McCann, James. 2004. Television News, Mexico’s 2000 Elections and Media Effects in Emerging Democracies. British Journal of Political Science
Lynch, Gabrielle. 2014. Electing the ‘Alliance of the Accused’: The Success of the Jubilee Alliance in Kenya’s Rift Valley. Journal of Eastern African Studies
MacArthur, Julie. 2008. How the West Was Won: Regional Politics and Prophetic Promises in the 2007 Kenya Elections. Journal of Eastern African Studies
Makiche, Edwin, and Otieno, Rawlings. 2013. CORD Ends Rift Tour with Calls for a United Vote. The Standard, February 18, p. 4.
Mayer, William G.
2006. The Swing Voter in American Presidential Elections. American Politics Research
Mwajefa, Mwakera. 2013. Uhuru Vows to Resolve Land Issues. The Nation, February 17, p. 8.
Nathan, Noah L.
2016. Local Ethnic Geography, Expectations of Favoritism, and Voting in Urban Ghana. Comparative Political Studies
Ngige, Francis. 2013. Raila, Kalonzo Lead Campaign in Meru. The Standard, February 15, p. 10.
Oyugi, Walter O.
1997. Ethnicity in the Electoral Process: The 1992 General Election in Kenya. African Journal of Political Science
Posner, Daniel N.
2005. Institutions and Ethnic Politics in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Prempeh, Kwasi H.
2008. Presidents Untamed. Journal of Democracy
Reilly, Benjamin. 2006. Political Engineering and Party Politics in Conflict-Prone Societies. Democratization
Sayagie, George. 2013. PM Woos Maa with Land Pledge. The Nation, February 23, p. 6.
Sunday Nation Team. 2013. Uhuru: We Will Address the Thorny Land Question. The Nation, February 24, p. 8.
Throup, David. 1987. The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State. In The Political Economy of Kenya, edited by Michael G. Schatzberg, 33–74. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Wantchekon, Leonard. 2003. Clientelism and Voting Behavior: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Benin. World Politics
Wantchekon, Leonard, and Fujiwara, Thomas. 2013. Can Informed Public Deliberation Overcome Clientelism? Experimental Evidence from Benin. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Weghorst, Keith R., and Lindberg, Staffan I.. 2013. What Drives the Swing Voter in Africa?
American Journal of Political Science
Zaller, John. 2004. Floating Voters in the U.S. Presidential Election, 1948–2000. In Studies in Public Opinion: Attitudes, Nonattitudes, Measurement Error, and Change, edited by Willem E. Saris and Paul M. Sniderman, 166–214. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.