Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Networks and Social Influence in European Legislative Politics

Abstract

The Treaty of Lisbon strengthened the role of national parliaments in the European Union. It introduced an ‘early warning system’, granting parliamentary chambers the right to reject legislative proposals by the European Commission. Previous studies assumed independence between the decisions of parliaments to reject a legislative proposal. We apply recent advances in inferential network analysis and argue that parliamentary vetoes are better explained by conceptualizing parliaments’ veto actions as a temporal network. Network effects can be observed along the dimension of party families. Based on a new permutation approach, we find that parliaments with similar party majorities influence each other over the course of the decision period (‘social influence’), rather than basing their decisions independently on joint prior partisanship (‘selection’).

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

Department of Politics & Public Administration, University of Konstanz (email: thomas.malang@uni-konstanz.de); Eawag (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) and Institute of Political Science, University of Bern (email: laurence.brandenberger@ipw.unibe.ch); and School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Glasgow (email: philip.leifeld@glasgow.ac.uk), respectively. A previous version of this article with the title ‘National Parliamentary Coordination after Lisbon: A Network Approach’ received the Best Paper of an Early Scholar Award at the 1st European Conference on Social Networks (EUSN). The authors would like to thank the selection committee for this recognition. Helpful feedback was also provided by Jenn Larson, Lena Schaffer, Katharina Holzinger, Karin Ingold, participants of the ECPR Joint Sessions Workshop ‘Analysing parliamentary behaviour in European Union affairs’ and the Editor and three anonymous referees. All errors remain our own. We thank Marilena Ast, Philipp Sauer and Sandra Wankmüller for their assistance with the data collection. Support for this research was provided by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant 149410). PL carried out parts of this research while at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag), the University of Bern and the University of Konstanz. Data replication sets, supplementary tables and figures are available in Harvard Dataverse at: https://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7910/DVN/Y3QFBP and online appendices at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S0007123417000217

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Allison Paul D. 1982. Discrete-Time Methods for the Analysis of Event Histories. Sociological Methodology 13 (1):6198.
Auel Katrin, and Christiansen Thomas. 2015. After Lisbon: National Parliaments in the European Union. West European Politics 38 (2):261281.
Bailer Stefanie, Mattila Mikko, and Schneider Gerald. 2015. Money Makes the EU Go Round: The Objective Foundations of Conflict in the Council of Ministers. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 53 (3):437456.
Box-Steffensmeier Janet M., and Jones Bradford S.. 2004. Event History Modeling: A Guide for Social Scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brandenberger Laurence. 2016. rem: Relational Event Models. R package version 1.2.6. Available from http: //cran.r-project.org/package=rem, accessed 21 October 2016.
Butts Carter T. 2008. A Relational Event Framework for Social Action. Sociological Methodology 38 (1):155200.
Cooper Ian. 2012. A ‘Virtual Third Chamber’ for the European Union? National Parliaments After the Treaty of Lisbon. West European Politics 35 (3):441465.
Cooper Ian. 2015. A Yellow Card for the Striker: National Parliaments and the Defeat of EU Legislation on the Right to Strike. Journal of European Public Policy 22 (10):14061425.
Cranmer Skyler J., Philip Leifeld, Scott D. McClurg and Meredith Rolfe. 2017. Navigating the Range of Statistical Tools for Inferential Network Analysis. American. Journal of Political Science 61 (1):237251.
Crawford Vincent P., and Iriberri Nagore. 2007. Level-k Auctions: Can a Nonequilibrium Model of Strategic Thinking Explain the Winner’s Curse and Overbidding in Private-Value Auctions? Econometrica 75 (6):17211770.
Crum Ben, and Fossum John E. 2009. The Multilevel Parliamentary Field: A Framework for Theorizing Representative Democracy in the EU. European Political Science Review 1 (02):249271.
Dahl David B. 2009. xtable: Export tables to LaTeX or HTML. R package version 1.8-2. Available from http://cran.r-project.org/package=xtable, accessed 21 October 2016.
Dekker David, Krackhardt David, and Snijders Tom A. B.. 2007. Sensitivity of MRQAP Tests to Collinearity and Autocorrelation Conditions. Psychometrika 72 (4):563581.
Desmarais Bruce A., Harden Jeffrey J., and Boehmke Frederick J.. 2015. Persistent Policy Pathways: Inferring Diffusion Networks in the American States. American Political Science Review 109 (2):392460.
European Union. 2007. Treaty of Lisbon Amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty Establishing the European Community. Official Journal of the European Union 50:1231.
Feiock Richard C., and Scholz John T.. 2010. Self-Organizing Governance of Institutional Collective Action Dilemmas. Pp. 333, in Self-Organizing Federalism, edited by Richard C. Feiock and John T. Scholz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gail Michell H., Lubin Jay H., and Rubinstein Lawrence V.. 1980. Likelihood Calculations for Matched Case–Control Studies and Survival Studies with Tied Death Times. Biometrika 68:703707.
Gattermann Katjana, and Hefftler Claudia. 2015. Beyond Institutional Capacity: Political Motivation and Parliamentary Behaviour in the Early Warning System. West European Politics 38 (2):305334.
Gerber Elisabeth R., Henry Adam Douglas, and Lubell Mark. 2013. Political Homophily and Collaboration in Regional Planning Networks. American Journal of Political Science 57 (3):598610.
Gilardi Fabrizio. 2010. Who Learns from What in Policy Diffusion Processes? American Journal of Political Science 54 (3):650666.
Gould Roger V. 1993. Collective Action and Network Structure. American Sociological Review 58 (2):182196.
Hagemann Sara. 2007. Applying Ideal Point Estimation Methods to the Council of Ministers. European Union Politics 8 (2):279296.
Hagemann Sara, and Høyland Bjørn. 2008. Parties in the Council? Journal of European Public Policy 15 (8):12051221.
Hayes-Renshaw Fiona, Van Aken Wim, and Wallace Helen. 2006. When and Why the EU Council of Ministers Votes Explicitly. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 44 (1):161194.
Hefftler Claudia, Neuhold Christine, Rozenberg Olivier, Smith Julie, and Wessels W.. 2015. The Palgrave Handbook of National Parliaments and the European Union. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Högenauer Anna-Lena, and Christiansen Thomas. 2015. Parliamentary Administrations in the Scrutiny of EU Decision-Making. Pp. 116132, in The Palgrave Handbook of National Parliaments and the European Union. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Högenauer Anna-Lena, and Neuhold Christine. 2015. National Parliaments After Lisbon: Administrations on the Rise? West European Politics 38 (2):335354.
Hosli Madeleine O., Mattila Mikko, and Uriot Marc. 2011. Voting in the Council of the European Union After the 2004 Enlargement: A Comparison of Old and New Member States. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 49 (6):12491270.
Hunter David, Smyth Padhraic, Vu Duy Q., and Asuncion Arthur U.. 2011. Dynamic Egocentric Models for Citation Networks. Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML-11), Bellevue, WA, USA, June 28-July 2, 2011. 857–64.
Kaeding Michael, and Selck Torsten J.. 2005. Mapping out Political Europe: Coalition Patterns in EU Decision-Making. International Political Science Review 26 (3):271290.
Kiiver Philipp. 2006. The National Parliaments in the European Union: A Critical View on EU Constitution-Building. Vol. 50. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.
Knutelská Viera. 2011. National Parliaments as New Actors in the Decision-Making Process at the European Level. Journal of Contemporary European Research 7 (3):327344.
Knutelská Viera. 2013. Cooperation among National Parliaments: An Effective Contribution to EU Legitimation? Pp. 3349, in Practices of Inter-Parliamentary Coordination in International Politics. The European Union and Beyond, edited by Ben Crum and John Erik Fossum. Colchester: ECPR Press.
Leifeld Philip. 2013. texreg: Conversion of Statistical Model Output in R to LATEX and HTML Tables. Journal of Statistical Software 55 (8):124.
Leifeld Philip, Cranmer Skyler J., and Desmarais Bruce A.. 2018. Temporal Exponential Random Graph Models with btergm: Estimation and Bootstrap Confidence Intervals. Journal of Statistical Software. Forthcoming.
Lerner Jürgen, Bussmann Margit, Snijders Tom A. B., and Brandes Ulrik. 2013. Modeling Frequency and Type of Interaction in Event Networks. Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 4 (1):332.
Leuffen Dirk, Malang Thomas, and Wörle Sebastian. 2014. Structure, Capacity or Power? Explaining Salience in EU Decision-Making. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 52 (3):616631.
Lindstädt René, Vander Wielen Ryan J., and Green Matthew. 2017. Diffusion in Congress: Measuring the Social Dynamics of Legislative Behavior. Political Science Research and Methods 5 (3):511527.
Lyons Russell. 2011. The Spread of Evidence-Poor Medicine via Flawed Social-Network Analysis. Statistics, Politics, and Policy 2:126.
Malang Thomas; Laurence Brandenberger; Philip Leifeld. 2017. Replication Files for: Networks and Social Influence in European Legislative Politics”, http://dx.doi.org/10.7910/DVN/Y3QFBP, Harvard Dataverse, V1.
McPhail Clark. 1991. The Myth of the Madding Crowd. Transaction Publishers. New York: Walter de Gruyer, Inc.
McPherson Miller, Smith-Lovin Lynn, and Cook James M.. 2001. Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks. Annual Review of Sociology 27 (1):415444.
Macy Michael W. 1991. Chains of Cooperation: Threshold Effects in Collective Action. American Sociological Review 56 (6):730747.
Maggetti Martino, and Gilardi Fabrizio. 2016. Problems (and Solutions) in the Measurement of Policy Diffusion Mechanisms. Journal of European Public Policy 36 (1):87107.
Mattila Mikko. 2009. Roll Call Analysis of Voting in the European Union Council of Ministers After the 2004 Enlargement. European Journal of Political Research 48 (6):840857.
Miklin Eric. 2013. Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation in EU Affairs and the Austrian Parliament: Empowering the Opposition? Journal of Legislative Studies 19 (1):2241.
Miklin Eric. 2014. EU Politicisation and National Parliaments: Visibility of Choices and Better Aligned Ministers? Journal of Legislative Studies 20 (1):7892.
Miklin Eric. 2016. Beyond Subsidiarity: The Indirect Effect of the Early Warning System on National Parliamentary Scrutiny in European Union Affairs. Journal of European Public Policy 24 (3):120.
Naurin Daniel, and Lindahl Rutger. 2008. East–North–South: Coalition-Building in the Council Before and After Enlargement. Pp. 6478, in Unveiling the Council of the European Union. Games Governments Play in Brussels, edited by Daniel Naurin and Helen Wallace. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pintz Anne. 2015. Parliamentary Collective Action under the Early Warning Mechanism. Politique européenne 3 (49):84114.
Quintane Eric, Conaldi Guido, Tonellato Marco, and Lomi Alessandro. 2014. Modeling Relational Events. A Case Study on an Open Source Software Project. Organizational Research Methods 17 (1):2350.
Raunio Tapio. 2009. National Parliaments and European Integration: What We Know and Agenda for Future Research. Journal of Legislative Studies 15 (4):317334.
Raunio Tapio. 2010. Destined for Irrelevance? Subsidiarity Control by National Parliaments. Elcano Newsletter 72:19.
Rozenberg Olivier, and Hefftler Claudia. 2015. Introduction. Pp. 143, in The Palgrave Handbook of National Parliaments and the European Union, edited by Claudia Hefftler, Christine Neuhold, Olivier Rozenberg and Julie Smith. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ruiter Rik de. 2013. Under the Radar? National Parliaments and the Ordinary Legislative Procedure in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy 20 (8):11961212.
Saam Nicole J., and Sumpter David. 2009. Peer Selection in EU Intergovernmental Negotiations. Journal of European Public Policy 16 (3):356377.
Shalizi Cosma Rohilla, and Thomas Andrew C.. 2011. Homophily and Contagion are Generically Confounded in Observational Social Network Studies. Sociological Methods and Research 40 (2):211239.
Shipan Charles R., and Volden Craig. 2008. The Mechanisms of Policy Diffusion. American Journal of Political Science 52 (4):840857.
Sprungk Carina. 2013. A New Type of Representative Democracy? Reconsidering the Role of National Parliaments in the European Union. Journal of European Integration 35 (5):547563.
Therneau Terry M. 2015. A Package for Survival Analysis in S. R package version 2.38. Available from http://cran.r-project.org/package=survival, accessed 17 August 2015.
Thomson Robert. 2009. Actor Alignments in the European Union Before and After Enlargement. European Journal of Political Research 48 (6):756781.
Thomson Robert, Boerefijn Jovanka, and Stokman Frans. 2004. Actor Alignments in European Union Decision Making. European Journal of Political Research 43 (2):237261.
Tsebelis George. 2002. Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Veen Tim. 2011. The Dimensionality and Nature of Conflict in European Union Politics: On the Characteristics of Intergovernmental Decision-Making. European Union Politics 12 (1):6586.
Volkens Andrea, Lehmann Pola, Matthiess Theres, Merz Nicolas, Regel Sven, and Werner Annika. 2016. The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR). Version 2016a. Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung.
Vu Duy, Pattison Philippa, and Robins Garry. 2015. Relational Event Models for Social Learning in MOOCs. Social Networks 43:121135.
Wilde Pieter de. 2011a. Ex Ante vs. Ex Post: The Trade-off between Partisan Conflict and Visibility in Debating EU Policy Formulation in National Parliaments. Journal of European Public Policy 18 (5):672689.
Wilde Pieter de. 2011b. No Polity for Old Politics? A Framework for Analyzing the Politicization of European Integration. Journal of European Integration 33 (5):559575.
Wilde Pieter de, and Raunio Tapio. 2015. Redirecting National Parliaments: Setting Priorities for Involvement in EU Affairs. Comparative European Politics. doi: 10.1057/cep.2015.28.
Williams Christopher. 2016. Issuing Reasoned Opinions: The Effect of Public Attitudes Towards the European Union on the Usage of the ‘Early Warning System’. European Union Politics 17 (3):504521.
Winzen Thomas. 2017. Constitutional preferences and parliamentary reform: Explaining national parliaments’ adaptation to European integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zimmer Christina, Schneider Gerald, and Dobbins Michael. 2005. The Contested Council: Conflict Dimensions of an Intergovernmental EU Institution. Political Studies 53 (2):403422.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Malang et al. Dataset
Dataset

 Unknown
PDF
Supplementary materials

Malang et al. supplementary material
Malang et al. supplementary material 1

 PDF (309 KB)
309 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 33 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 225 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 4th December 2017 - 18th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.