Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-692xr Total loading time: 0.394 Render date: 2023-01-31T21:14:08.543Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Utilisation of food by Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomor phidae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2009

A. R. McCaffery
Affiliation:
Centre for Overseas Pest Research, College House, Wrights Lane, London W8 5SJ, UK
A. G. Cook
Affiliation:
Centre for Overseas Pest Research, College House, Wrights Lane, London W8 5SJ, UK
W. W. Page
Affiliation:
Centre for Overseas Pest Research, College House, Wrights Lane, London W8 5SJ, UK
T. J. Perfect
Affiliation:
Centre for Overseas Pest Research, College House, Wrights Lane, London W8 5SJ, UK

Abstract

Individuals and groups of adults of Zonocerus variegates (L.) were fed on various food-plants. Somatic growth, maturation and reproduction were all faster in group-fed insects than in isolated ones. Dry-season insects grew faster and produced greater numbers of egg pods than did wet-season ones. Short-winged insects developed faster than long-winged ones. Zonocerus that fed on cassava (Manihot esculenra) had a shorter somatic growth period and produced greater numbers of egg pods than insects that fed on any other foods. Cassava-fed Zonocerus had a greater efficiency of conversion of digested food to body substance, particularly during oocyte growth, than similar insects given other foods. Food plants such as Citrus and A spilia were inefficiently utilised, and often compensatory increases in consumption occurred. The success of the large dryseason population of Zonocerus in southern Nigeria is probably due to the increase in cassava cultivation.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1978

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Bailey, C. G., & Reigert, P. W. (1973). Energy dynamics of Encoptophus sordidus costalis (Scudder) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in a grassland ecosystem.—Can. J. Zool. 51, 91100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beenakkers, A. M. T., Meisen, M. A. H. Q. & Scheres, J. M. C. J.. (1971). Influence of temperature and food on growth and digestion in fifth instar larvae and adults of Locusta migratoria.—J. Insect Physiol. 17, 871880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernays, E. A., Chapman, R. F., Cook, A. G., McVeigh, L. J. & Page, W. W. (1975). Food plants in the survival and development of Zonocerus variegatus (L.).—Acrida 4, 3345.Google Scholar
Bernays, E. A., Chapman, R. F., Leather, E. M., McCaffery, A. R. & Modder, W. W. D. (1977). The relationship of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Acridoidea: Pyrgomorphidae) with cassava (Manihot esculenta).—Bull ent. Res. 67, 391404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, R. F., Cook, A. G., Mitchell, G. A. & Page, W. W. (1978). Wing dimorphism and flight in Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Acridoidea).—Bull. ent. Res. 68, 229242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheu, S. P. (1952). Changes in the fat and protein content of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratorioides (R. & F.)Bull ent. Res. 43, 101109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chlodny, J. (1969). The energetics of larval development of two species of grasshoppers from the genus Chorthippus Fieb.—Ekol. pol. (Ser. A) 17, 391407.Google Scholar
Delvi, M. R. & Pandian, T. J. (1971). Ecophysiological studies on the utilisation of food in the paddy field grasshopper Oxya velox.—Oecologia 8, 267275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Delvi, M. R. & Pandian, T. J. (1972). Rates of feeding and assimilation in the grasshopper Poecilocerus picture.—J. Insect Physiol. 18, 18291843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gillon, Y. (1968). Charactéristiques quantitatives du développement et de I'alimentation de Rhabdoplea klaptoczi (Karny 1915) (Orthoptera: Acridinae).—Annls Univ. Abidjan (Ser. E) 1, 101112.Google Scholar
Gillon, Y. (1970). Charactéristiques quantitatives du développement et de I'alimentation d'Orthochtha brachycnemis Karsch 1893 (Orthoptera: Acridinae).—Terre Vie 24, 425448.Google Scholar
Gillon, Y. (1972). Charactéristiques quantitatives du développement et de I'alimentation de d'Anablepia granulata (Ramme 1929) (Orthoptera: Gomphocerinae).—Annls Univ. Abidjan (Ser. E) 5, 373393.Google Scholar
Gillon, Y. (1973). Etude ecologique quantitative d'un peuplement acridien en milieu herbace tropical.—Thès. Fac. Sci. Dr. Univ. Paris, CNRS no. AO 8198.Google Scholar
Golding, F. D. (1940). Notes on the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus, L., in Nigeria.—Bull ent. Res. 30, 543550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golding, F. D. (1946). The insect pests of Nigerian crops.—Spec. Bull. Dep. Agric. Nigeria. no. 4, 48 pp.Google Scholar
Golding, F. D. (1948). The Acrididae (Orthoptera) of Nigeria.—Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 99, 517587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gyllenberg, G. (1969). The energy flow through a Chorthippus parallelus (Zett.)(Orthoptera) population of a meadow in Tvärminne, Finland.—Acta zool. fenn. no. 123, 375.Google Scholar
Highnam, K. C. & Haskell, P. T. (1964). The endocrine systems of isolated and crowded Locusta and Schistocerca in relation to oocyte growth, and the effects of flying upon maturation.—J. Insect Physiol. 10, 849864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Highnam, K. C. & Lusis, O. (1962). The influence of mature males on The neurosecretory control of ovarian development in the desert locust.—Q.Jl microsc. Sci. 103, 7383.Google Scholar
Hill, L., Mordue, W. & Highnam, K. C. (1966). The endocrine system, frontal ganglion, and feeding during maturation in the female desert locust.—J. Insect Physiol. 12, 11971208.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jerath, M. L. (1965). Note on the biology of Zonocerus variegatus (Linnaeus) from eastern Nigeria.—Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 72, 243251.Google Scholar
Libby, J. L. (1968). Insect pests of Nigerian crops.—Res. Bull. agric. Exp. Stn Univ. Wis. no. 269, 69 pp.Google Scholar
McCaffery, A. R. (1975). Food quality and quantity in relation to egg production in Locusta migratoria migratorioides.—J. Insect Physiol. 21, 15511558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGinnis, A. J. & Kasting, R. (1966). Comparison of tissues from solid and hollow-stemmed spring wheats duruing growth. IV. Apparent dry matter utilization and nitrogen balance in the two-striped grasshopper, Melanoplus bivittatus (Say).—J. Insect Physiol.. 12, 671678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McKinlay, K. S. & Randell, R. L. (1971). Moisture content and nutritional value of laboratory diets for the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes (Orthoptera: Acrididae).—Can. Ent. 103, 657661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ministry of Overseas Development (1975). Control of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) in Nigeria, 2nd Interim Report, 1973–74.—48 pp. London, Centre for Overseas Pest Research.Google Scholar
Modder, W. W. D. & Singh, S. R. (1976). Utilisation of cassava, Manihot esculenta, in the laboratory by the later instars of the African grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Acridoidea: Pyrgomorphidae).—Revue Zool. afr. 90, 417430.Google Scholar
Mordue, A. J. & Hill, L. (1970). The utilisation of food by the adult female desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria.—Entomologia exp. appl. 13, 352358.Google Scholar
Norris, M. J., (1954). Sexual maturation in the desert locust (Schiustocerca gregaria Forskàl) with special references to the effects of grouping.—.Anti-Locust, Bull. no. 18, 144.Google Scholar
Norris, M. J. (1961). Group effects on feeding in adult males of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.), in relation to sexual maturation.—Bull. ent. Res. 51, 731753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oyidi, O. (1968). Variation and variability in orthopteran insects—5. Notes on the biological status of Zonocerus variegatus L. (Acrididae) in Nigeria, with particular references to the relationship between the dry and wet season populations.—Jl W. Afr. sci. Ass. 13, 159164.Google Scholar
Smalley, A. E. (1960). Energy flow of a salt marsh grasshopper population.—Ecology 41, 672677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strong, L. (1967). Feeding activity, sexual, maturation, hormones, and water balance in the female African migratory locust.—J. Insect Physiol. 13, 495507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, T. A. (1964). Blaesoxipha filipjevi Rohd. (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) parasitising Zonocerus variegatus (L.). (Orthoptera, Acridoidea) in Nigeria.—Bull. ent. Res. 55, 8386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, T. A. (1972). On the origin of the wet-season form of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orth., Acrididae) in southern Nigeria, with some biological notes.—Bull ent. Res. 61, 661667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Toye, S. A. (1971). Notes on the biology of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthopetera, Acridoidea) in the western state of Nigeria.—Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 84, 384–382.Google Scholar
Toye, S. A. (1972). On the feeding and locomotory activities of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Acridoidea).—Abstr. 14th int. Congr. Ent. (1972), p. 168.Google Scholar
Toye, S. A. (1974). Feeding and locomotory activities of Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Acridoidea).—Revue Zool. afr. 88, 205215.Google Scholar
Uvarov, B. (1966). Grasshoppers and locusts. A handbook of general acridology. Volume. 1.—481pp. London, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Vilardebo, A. (1953). La lutte contre Zonocerus variegatus.—Fruits 8, 448450.Google Scholar
Walker, P. R., Hill, L. & Bailey, E. (1970). Feeding activity, respiration, and lipid and carbohydrate, content of the male desert locust during adult development.—J. Insect Physiol. 16, 10011015.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Waldbauer, G. P. (1968). The consumption and utilization of food by insects.—Adv. Insect Physiol. 5, 229288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weigert, R. G. (1965). Energy dynamics of the grasshopper populations in old field and alfalfa field ecosystems.—Oikos 16, 161176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
21
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Utilisation of food by Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomor phidae)
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Utilisation of food by Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomor phidae)
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Utilisation of food by Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomor phidae)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *