Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Assessment of beetle diversity, community composition and potential threats to forestry using kairomone-baited traps

  • S. Olivier-Espejel (a1), B.P. Hurley (a1) and J. Garnas (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Traps designed to capture insects during normal movement/dispersal, or via attraction to non-specific (plant) volatile lures, yield by-catch that carries valuable information about patterns of community diversity and composition. In order to identify potential native/introduced pests and detect predictors of colonization of non-native pines, we examined beetle assemblages captured in intercept panel traps baited with kairomone lures used during a national monitoring of the woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in Southern Africa. We identified 50 families and 436 morphospecies of beetles from nine sites sampled in both 2008 and 2009 and six areas in 2007 (trap catch pooled by region) across a latitudinal and elevational gradient. The most diverse groups were mainly those strongly associated with trees, known to include damaging pests. While native species dominated the samples in terms of richness, the dominant species was the introduced bark beetle Orthotomicus erosus (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) (22 ± 34 individuals/site). Four Scolytinae species without previous records in South Africa, namely Coccotrypes niger, Hypocryphalus robustus (formerly Hypocryphalus mangiferae), Hypothenemus birmanus and Xyleborus perforans, were captured in low abundances. Communities showed temporal stability within sites and strong biogeographic patterns across the landscape. The strongest single predictors of community composition were potential evaporation, latitude and maximum relative humidity, while the strongest multifactor model contained elevation, potential evaporation and maximum relative humidity. Temperature, land use variables and distance to natural areas did not significantly correlate with community composition. Non-phytophagous beetles were also captured and were highly diverse (32 families) perhaps representing important beneficial insects.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence Phone: +1 603 862 2094 Fax: +1 603 862 4976 E-mail: Sarai.Olivier@fabi.up.ac.za
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A.O. Al Adawi , R.M. Al Jabri , M.L. Deadman , I. Barnes , B. Wingfield & M.J. Wingfield (2013) The mango sudden decline pathogen, Ceratocystis manginecans, is vectored by Hypocryphalus mangiferae (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) in Oman. European Journal of Plant Pathology 135, 243251.

J.E. Aukema , D.G. McCullough , B. Von Holle , A.M. Liebhold , K. Britton & S.J. Frankel (2010) Historical accumulation of nonindigenous forest pests in the continental United States. BioScience 60, 886897.

J. Babin-Fenske , M. Anand & Y. Alarie (2008) Rapid morphological change in stream beetle museum specimens correlates with climate change. Ecological Entomology 33, 646651.

N.T. Baylis , C. De Ronde & D.B. James (1986) Observations of damage of a secondary nature following a wild fire at the Otterford State Forest. South African Forestry Journal 137, 3637.

L.A. Berndt , E.G. Brockerhoff & H. Jactel (2008) Relevance of exotic pine plantations as a surrogate habitat for ground beetles (Carabidae) where native forest is rare. Biodiversity and Conservation 17, 11711185.

E.G. Brockerhoff , J. Bain , M. Kimberley & M. Knížek (2006 a) Interception frequency of exotic bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) and relationship with establishment in New Zealand and worldwide. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36, 289298.

E.G. Brockerhoff , D.C. Jones , M.O. Kimberley , D.M. Suckling & T. Donaldson (2006 b) Nationwide survey for invasive wood-boring and bark beetles (Coleoptera) using traps baited with pheromones and kairomones. Forest Ecology and Management 228, 234240.

S. Buchholz , M. Kreuels , A. Kronshage , H. Terlutter & O.D. Finch (2011) Bycatches of ecological field studies: bothersome or valuable? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2, 99102.

N. Chao , N.J. Gotelli , T.C. Hsieh , E.L. Sander , K.H. Ma , R.K. Colwell & A.M. Ellison (2014) Rarefaction and extrapolation with Hill numbers: a framework for sampling and estimation in species diversity studies. Ecological Monographs 84, 4567.

Z. Chen , K. Grady , S. Stephens , J. Villa-Castillo & M.R. Wagner (2006) Fuel reduction treatment and wildfire influence on carabid and tenebrionid community assemblages in the ponderosa pine forest of northern Arizona, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 225, 168177.

D.J. Crook , J.A. Francese , M.L. Rietz , D.R. Lance , H.M. Hull-Sanders , V.C. Mastro , P. J. Silk & K.L. Ryall (2014) Improving detection tools for emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): comparison of multifunnel traps, prism traps, and lure types at varying population densities. Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 14961501.

M.F. DiGirolomo & K.J. Dodds (2014) Cerambycidae bycatch from Asian longhorned beetle survey traps placed in forested environs. Northeastern Naturalist 21, N28N34.

A. Estoup & T. Guillemaud (2010) Reconstructing routes of invasion using genetic data: why, how and so what? Molecular Ecology 19, 41134130.

I. Etxebeste , J.L. Lencina & J. Pajares (2013) Saproxylic community, guild and species responses to varying pheromone components of a pine bark beetle. Bulletin of Entomological Research 103, 497510.

S. Fattorini (2010) Effects of fire on tenebrionid communities of a Pinus pinea plantation: a case study in a Mediterranean site. Biodiversity and Conservation 19, 12371250.

S.W. Fraedrich , T.C. Harrington , R.J. Rabaglia , M.D. Ulyshen , A.E. Mayfield III, J.L. Hanula , J.M. Eickwort & D.R. Miller (2008) A fungal symbiont of the redbay ambrosia beetle causes a lethal wilt in redbay and other Lauraceae in the southeastern United States. Plant Disease 92, 215224.

J. Garnas , J. Roux , B. Hurley , B. Slippers , M.J. Wingfield (2016 a) Insects and diseases of Mediterranean forests: A South African perspective. pp. 397430 in T.D. Paine & F. Lieutier (Eds) Insects and Diseases of Mediterranean Forest Systems. Switzerland, Springer International Publishing.

J. Garnas , M. Auger-Rozenberg & A. Roques , C. Bertelsmeier , M.J. Wingfield , D.L. Saccaggi , H.E. Roy & B. Slippers (2016 b) Complex patterns of global spread in invasive insects: eco-evolutionary and management consequences. Biological Invasions 18, 935952.

S.C. Goslee & D.L. Urban (2007) The ecodist package for dissimilarity-based analysis of ecological data. Journal of Statistical Software 22, 119.

N.J. Gotelli & R.K. Colwell (2011) Estimating species richness. pp. 3954 in A.E. Magurran & B.J. McGill (Eds) Biological Diversity: Frontiers in Measuring Biodiversity. New York, Oxford University Press.

R.A. Haack (2001) Intercepted Scolytidae (Coleoptera) at US ports of entry: 1985–2000. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6, 253282.

R.A. Haack & R.J. Rabaglia (2013) Exotic bark and ambrosia beetles in the USA: potential and current invaders. pp. 4874 in J. Peña (Ed.) Potential Invasive Pests of Agricultural Crops. Boston, MA, CAB International.

T.D. Hatten , C. Looney , J.P. Strange & N.A. Bosque-Pérez (2013) Bumble bee fauna of Palouse Prairie: survey of native bee pollinators in a fragmented ecosystem. Journal of Insect Science 13, 119.

T.C. Hsieh , K.H. Ma & A. Chao (2014) iNEXT: iNterpolation and EXTrapolation for species diversity. R package version 2.0. Available online at http://chao.stat.nthu.edu.tw/blog/software-download

B.P. Hurley , B. Slippers & M.J. Wingfield (2007) A comparison of control results for the alien invasive woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in the Southern Hemisphere. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9, 159171.

B.P. Hurley , P. Croft , M. Verleur , M.J. Wingfield & B. Slippers (2012) The control of the Sirex woodwasp in diverse environments: the South African experience. pp. 247264 in B. Slippers , P. de Groot & M.J. Wingfield (Eds) The Sirex Woodwasp and its Fungal Symbiont: Research and Management of a Worldwide Invasive Pest. Netherlands, Springer.

B.P. Hurley , J. Garnas & M.F. Cooperb (2015) Assessing trap and lure effectiveness for the monitoring of Sirex noctilio . Agricultural and Forest Entomology 17, 6470.

B.P. Hurley , J. Garnas , M.J. Wingfield , M. Branco , D.M. Richardson , B. Slippers (2016) Increasing numbers and intercontinental spread of invasive insects on eucalypts. Biological Invasions 18, 921933.

H. Jactel , E. Brockerhoff & P. Duelli (2005) A test of the biodiversity-stability theory: meta-analysis of tree species diversity effects on insect pest infestations, and re-examination of responsible factors. pp. 235262 in M. Scherer-Lorenzen , C. Körner & E.D. Schulze (Eds) Forest Diversity and Function, Berlin Heidelberg, Springer.

L.G.E. Kalshoven (1964) The occurrence of Xyleborus perforans (Woll.) and X. similis in Java (Coleoptera, Scolytidae). Beaufortia 11, 131142.

R.G. Kelsey & G. Joseph (1997) Ambrosia beetle host selection among logs of douglas fir, western hemlock, and western red cedar with different ethanol and α-pinene concentrations. Journal of Chemical Ecology 23, 10351051.

L.R. Kirkendall (1983) The evolution of mating systems in bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae and Platypodidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 77, 293352.

B. Kromp (1999) Carabid beetles in sustainable agriculture: a review on pest control efficacy, cultivation impacts and enhancement. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 74, 187228.

M.V. Lantschner , J.M. Villacide , J.R. Garnas , P. Croft , A.J. Carnegie , A.M. Liebhold & J.C. Corley (2014) Temperature explains variable spread rates of the invasive woodwasp Sirex noctilio in the Southern Hemisphere. Biological Invasions 16, 329339.

N.P. Lord , E.H. Nearns & K.B. Miller (2011) Ironclad ID: Tool for Diagnosing Ironclad and Cylindrical Bark Beetles (Coleoptera: Zopheridae) of North America North of Mexico. USA, The University of New Mexico and Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, USDA, APHIS, PPQ. Available at: http://coleopterasystematics.com/ironcladid/index.html

A. Martin , I. Etxebeste , G. Pérez , G. Álvarez , E. Sánchez & J. Pajares (2013) Modified pheromone traps help reduce bycatch of bark-beetle natural enemies. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 15, 8697.

D.R. Miller & R.J. Rabaglia (2009) Ethanol and (−)-α-pinene: Attractant kairomones for bark and ambrosia beetles in the southeastern US. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35, 435448.

J. Oksanen , G.F. Blanchet , R. Kindt , P. Legendre , P.R. Minchin , R.B. O'Hara , G.L. Simpson , P. Solymos , M.H.H. Stevens & H. Wagner (2015) vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.3–0. Available online at http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

M. Perez-De La Cruz , A. Equihua-Martinez , J. Romero-Napoles , S. Sanchez-Soto & E. Garcia-Lopez (2009) Diversity, dynamic population and host plants of bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) associated to the cocoa agroecosystem in Tabasco, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 80, 779791.

F. Schlyter (1992) Sampling range, attraction range, and effective attraction radius: estimates of trap efficiency and communication distance in coleopteran pheromone and host attractant systems. Journal of Applied Entomology 114, 439454.

C.H. Scholtz & E. Holm (2012) Insects of Southern Africa. 2nd edn. Pretoria, South Africa, Butterworths.

M.J. Skvarla & J.D. Holland (2011) Nontarget insects caught on emerald ash borer purple monitoring traps in western Pennsylvania. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 28, 219221.

L.R. Spears & R.A. Ramirez (2015) Learning to love leftovers. American Entomologist 61, 168173.

C. Stone (1993) Survey of arthropods from billets of Pinus following infestation by Ips grandicollis (Eichhoff) Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Northeaster New South Wales. Australian Journal of Entomology 32, 289296.

C. Stone , G. Goodyer , K. Sims , T. Penman and A. Carnegie (2010) Beetle assemblages captured using static panel traps within New South Wales pine plantations. Australian Journal of Entomology 49, 304316.

S.J. Taerum , T.A. Duong , Z.W. De Beer , N. Gillette , J.H. Sun , D.R. Owen & M.J. Wingfield (2013) Large shift in symbiont assemblage in the invasive red turpentine beetle. PLoS ONE 8, e78126.

D.B. Thomas (2003) Nontarget insects captured in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) surveillance traps. Journal of Economic Entomology 96, 17321737.

M.C. Thomas (2002) Family 81. Passandridae Erichson 1845. pp. 327328 in R.H. Arnett Jr., M.C. Thomas , P.E. Skelley and J.H. Frank (Eds) American Beetles, Volume 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. Boca Raton, CRC Press.

P. Turchin & W.T. Thoeny (1993) Quantifying dispersal of southern pine beetles with mark-recapture experiments and a diffusion model. Ecological Applications 3, 187198.

UK CAB International (1973) Xyleborus Perforans. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, December. Wallingford, UK, CAB International, Map 320.

C.H. Vergara & E.I. Badano (2009) Pollinator diversity increases fruit production in Mexican coffee plantations: the importance of rustic management systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 129, 117123.

M. Williamson & A. Fitter (1996) The varying success of invaders. Ecology 77, 16611666.

M.J. Wingfield , J. Garnas , A. Hajek , B.P. Hurley , Z.W. De Beer & S.J. Taerum (2016) Novel and co-evolved associations between insects and microorganisms as drivers of forest pestilence. Biological Invasions 18, 10451056.

S.L. Wood & D.E. Bright (1992) A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), part 2: taxonomic index volume A. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 13, 1833.

T. Yamashiro & I. Myazaki (1985) Principal pests and diseases of mango-Mangifera indica L.-in the State of São Paulo and updated control methods. Biológico 51, 4150.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Olivier-Espejel supplementary material
Supplementary Figures and Table

 PDF (753 KB)
753 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 10
Total number of PDF views: 86 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 443 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.