Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Bemisia argentifolii is a race of B. tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): the molecular genetic differentiation of B. tabaci populations around the world

  • P.J. De Barro (a1), J.W.H. Trueman (a2) and D.R. Frohlich (a3)
Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships between genotypes of Bemisia tabaci were compared using ITS1 and CO1 nucleotide sequences. Phylogenetic and minimum spanning network analyses identified six major races, Asia, Bali, Australia, sub-Saharan Africa, Mediterranean/Asia Minor/Africa and New World as well as a large collection of genotypes from the Asia region with no strong association with any of the races. The term race is based on its usage in Mallet (2001). Mating incompatibility occurs between some races. There is insufficient data to raise races to species status, but the data supports the recognition of the six races and an unresolved core of ungrouped genotypes under the single Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) species name. To clarify the identity of the race to which the B. tabaci under investigation is known, the following nomenclature is suggested, B. tabaci (Asia), B. tabaci (Bali), B. tabaci (Australia) B. tabaci (sub-Saharan Africa), B. tabaci (Mediterranean/Asia Minor/Africa) and B. tabaci (New World). Further, there is insufficient molecular or biological data to support the separation of B. tabaci and B. argentifolii Bellows & Perring and its use should be discontinued.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Fax: +61 7 3214 2885 E-mail: paul.debarro@csiro.au
References
Hide All
Abdullahi, I., Winter, S., Atiri, G.I. & Thottappilly, G. (2003) Molecular characterization of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations infesting cassava. Bulletin of Entomological Research 93, 97106.
Bartlett, A.C. & Gawel, N.J. (1993) Determining whitefly species. Science 261, 13331334.
Bedford, I.D., Briddon, R.W., Markham, P.G., Brown, J.K. & Rosell, R.C. (1994) Geminivirus transmission and biological characterisation of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) biotypes from different geographic regions. Annals of Applied Biology 125, 311325.
Beitia, F., Mayo, I., Robles-Chillida, E.M., Guira, P. & Cenis, J.L. (1997) Current status of Bemisia tabaci in Spain: the presence of biotypes of this species. pp. 19106in Albajes, R. & Carnero, A. (Eds) Integrated control in protected crops “Mediterranean climate”. IOBC wprs Bulletin OILB srop 20.
Bellows, T.S., Perring, T.M., Gill, R.J. & Headrick, D.H. (1994) Description of a species of Bemisia (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87, 195206.
Berry, S.D., Fondong, V.N., Rey, C., Rogan, D., Fauquet, C.M. & Brown, J.K. (2004) Molecular evidence for five distinct Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) geographic haplotypes associated with cassava plants in sub-Saharan Africa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97, 852859.
Bird, J. (1957) A whitefly-transmitted mosaic of Jatropha gossypifolia. Agricultural Experiment Station University of Puerto Rico 22, 135.
Brown, J.K. (2000) Molecular markers for the identification and global tracking of whitefly vector–Begomovirus complexes. Virus Research 71, 233260.
Brown, J.K., Frohlich, D.R. & Rosell, R.C. (1995a) The sweet-potato or silverleaf whiteflies: biotypes of Bemisia tabaci or a new species complex? Annual Review of Entomology 40, 511534.
Brown, J.K., Coats, S.A., Bedford, I.D., Markham, P.G., Bird, J. & Frohlich, D.R. (1995b) Characterization and distribution of esterase electromorphs in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Biochemical Genetics 33, 205214.
Brown, J.K., Perring, T.M., Cooper, A.D., Bedford, I.D. & Markham, P.G. (2000) Genetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) populations by isoelectric focusing electrophoresis. Biochemical Genetics 38, 1325.
Burban, C., Fishpool, L.D.C., Fauquet, C., Fargette, D. & Thouvenel, J.-C. (1992) Host associated biotypes within west African populations of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.), (Hom., Aleyrodidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 113, 416423.
Byrne, F.J., Cahill, M., Denholm, I. & Devonshire, A.L. (1995) Biochemical identification of interbreeding between B-type and non B-type strains of the tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci. Biochemical Genetics 33, 1323.
Calvert, L.A., Cuervo, M., Arroyave, J.A., Constantino, L.M., Bellotti, A. & Frohlich, D.R. (2001) Morphological and mitochondrial DNA marker analyses of adult whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) colonizing cassava and beans in Colombia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94, 512519.
Campbell, B.C., Steffen-Campbell, J.D. & Gill, R.J. (1994) Evolutionary origin of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternnorryncha: Aleyrodidae) inferred from 18S rDNA sequences. Insect Molecular Biology 3, 7389.
Cervera, M.T., Cabezas, J.A., Simon, B., Martinez-Zapater, J.M., Beitia, F. & Cenis, J.L. (2000) Genetic relationships among biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) based on AFLP analysis. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 391396.
Costa, H.S. & Brown, J.K. (1991) Variation in biological characteristics and esterase patterns among populations of Bemisia tabaci, and the association of one population with silverleaf symptom induction. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 61, 211219.
Costa, H.S., Brown, J.K., Sivasupramaniam, S. & Bird, J. (1993) Regional distribution, insecticide resistance and reciprocal crosses between the ‘A’ and ‘B’ biotypes of Bemisia tabaci. Insect Science and its Application 14, 127138.
De Barro, P.J. (1995) Bemisia tabaci biotype B: a review of its biology, distribution and control. CSIRO Division of Entomology Technical Paper 36, 158.
De Barro, P.J. & Driver, F. (1997) Use of RAPD–PCR to distinguish the B biotype from other biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 36, 149152.
De Barro, P.J. & Hart, P.J. (2000) Mating interactions between two biotypes of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 103112.
De Barro, P.J., Liebregts, W. & Carver, M. (1998) The distribution and identity of biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in member countries of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Australian Journal of Entomology 37, 214218.
De Barro, P.J., Driver, F., Trueman, J.W.H. & Curran, J. (2000) Phylogenetic relationship of world populations of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) using ribosomal ITS1. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16, 2936.
Frohlich, D.R., Torres-Jerez, I., Bedford, I.D., Markham, P.G. & Brown, J.K. (1999) A phylogeographical analysis of the Bemisia tabaci species complex based on mitochondrial DNA markers. Molecular Ecology 8, 16831691.
Gawel, N.J. & Bartlett, A.C. (1993) Characterization of differences between whiteflies using RAPD–PCR. Insect Molecular Biology 2, 3338.
Guirao, P., Beitia, F. & Cenis, J.L. (1997) Biotype determination of Spanish populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 87, 587593.
Legg, J.P., French, R., Rogan, D., Okao-Okuja, G. & Brown, J.K. (2002) A distinct Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Sternnorryncha: Aleyrodidae) genotype cluster is associated with the epidemic of severe cassava mosaic virus disease in Uganda. Molecular Ecology 11, 12191229.
Liu, H.Y., Cohen, S. & Duffus, J.E. (1992) The use of isozyme patterns to distinguish sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) biotypes. Phytoparasitica 20, 187194.
Mallet, J. (2001) Species, concepts of. pp. 427440 in Encyclopaedia of biodiversity, Vol. 5 New York, Academic Press.
Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. & Seal, S. (2001) Mating incompatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD–PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in east Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 99, 1323.
Mayr, E. (1942) Systematics and the origin of species from the viewpoint of a zoologist. New York, Columbia University Press.
Mayr, E. (1963) Animal species and evolution. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.
Mound, L.A. (1963) Host correlated variation in Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society London Series A 38, 171180.
Moya, A., Guirao, P., Cifuentes, D., Beitia, F. & Cenis, J.L. (2001) Genetic diversity of Iberian populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) based on random amplified polymorphic DNA–polymerase chain reaction. Molecular Ecology 10, 891897.
Perring, T.M. (2001) The Bemisia tabaci species complex. Crop Protection 20, 725737.
Perring, T.M., Cooper, A. & Kazmer, D.J. (1992) Identification of the poinsettia strain of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on broccoli by electrophoresis. Journal of Economic Entomology 85, 12781284.
Perring, T.M., Cooper, A.D., Rodriguez, R.J., Farrar, C.A. & Bellows, T.S. (1993) Identification of a whitefly species by genomic and behavioral studies. Science 259, 7477.
Ronda, M.A., Adan, A., Cifuentes, D., Cenis, J.L. & Beitia, F. (1999) Laboratory evidence of interbreeding between biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae) present in Spain. pp. 8384 in V11th International plant virus epidemiology symposium – Plant virus epidemiology: current status and future prospects 1999. Aguadulce, Spain.
Rosell, R.C., Bedford, I.D., Frohlich, D.R., Gill, R.J., Brown, J.K. & Markham, P.G. (1997) Analysis of morphological variation in distinct populations of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 90, 575589.
Russell, L.M. (1957) Synonyms of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 52, 122123.
Schneider, S., Roessli, D. & Excoffier, L. (2000) Arlequin ver. 2.000: A software for population genetics data analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory,University of Geneva.Switzerland.
Viscarret, M.M., Torres-Jerez, I., Agostini, de, Manero, E., Lopez, S.N., Botto, E.E. & Brown, J.K. (2003) Mitochondrial DNA evidence for a distinct New World group of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) indigenous to Argentina and Bolivia, and presence of the Old World B biotype in Argentina. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 96, 6572.
Wu, X., Li, Z., Hu, D. & Shen, Z. (2003) Identification of Chinese populations of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) by analyzing ITS1 sequence. Progress in Natural Science 13, 276281.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed