Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Biological characterization and mating compatibility of Helicoverpa gelotopoeon (D.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations from different regions in Argentina

  • M.I. Herrero (a1), S.V. Fogliata (a1), A. Vera (a2), A. Casmuz (a2), D. Sosa Gómez (a3), A.P. Castagnaro (a1), G. Gastaminza (a2) and M.G. Murúa (a1)...
Abstract

Helicoverpa gelotopoeon, the South American bollworm, is a polyphagous pest of the Heliothinae complex that causes damage to soybean, cotton, and chickpea crops. Some species within this complex have developed resistance to genetically modified crops and insecticides, which has led to increased interest in their genetic diversity and population structure. The objective of this study was to characterize biological and reproductive parameters of two populations of H. gelotopoeon collected in two different provinces of Argentina. Intra- and inter-population crosses revealed that H. gelotopoeon populations from both regions of Argentina did not present evidence of pre-zygotic and post-zygotic incompatibility, suggesting that Tucumán and Córdoba populations of H. gelotopoeon belong to a single wide-ranging species. Our data support the occurrence of substantial gene flow between H. gelotopoeon populations, probably due to the widely documented, long-range migratory capacity of Heliothinae species.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence Phone: (54) 381-521000 Fax: (54) 381-521000 int 154 E-mail: gmurua@eeaoc.org.ar
References
Hide All
Ali, A., Choudhury, R.A., Ahmad, Z., Rahman, F., Khan, F.R. & Ahmad, S.K. (2009) Some biological characteristics of Helicoverpa armigera on chickpea. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection 4, 99106.
Álvarez Hernández, U., Pérez, L., González, M., Cruz, A., Gómez, J. & Álvarez, J.M. (2010) Biología de Heliothis virescens (Fabricius) en garbanzo (Cicer arietinum L.). Centro Agrícola 37, 8992.
Arghand, A., Naseri, B., Razmjou, J., Hassanpour, M. & Rahimi Namin, F. (2014) Comparative biological parameters of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on various corn hybrids. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 34, 3335.
Armes, N.J., Jadhav, D.R. & DeSouza, K.R. (1996) A survey of insecticide resistance in Helicoverpa armigera in the Indian subcontinent. Bulletin of Entomological Research 86, 499514.
Arneodo, J.D., Balbi, E.I., Flores, F. & Sciocco, A. (2015) Molecular identification of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Heliothinae) in Argentina and development of a novel PCR-RFLP method for its rapid differentiation from H. zea and H. gelotopoeon . Journal of Economic Entomology 108, 25052510.
Asokan, R., Rebijith, K.B., Krishna Kumar, N.K. & Manamohan, M. (2012) Genetic diversity of tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase-I (mtCO-I). Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 18, 2934.
Behere, G.T., Tay, W.T., Russel, D.A., Heckel, D.G., Appleton, B.R., Kranthi, K.R. & Batterham, P. (2007) Mitochondrial DNA analysis of field populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and of its relationship to H. zea . BMC Evolutionary Biology 7, 117.
Bird, L.J. & Downes, S.J. (2014) Toxicity and cross-resistance of insecticides to Cry2Ab-resistant and Cry2Ab-susceptible Helicoverpa armigera and Helicoverpa punctigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 19231930.
Blanco, C.A., Chiaravalle, W., Dalla-Rizza, M., Farias, J.R., García-Degano, M.F., Gastaminza, G., Mota-Sanchez, D., Murúa, M.G., Omoto, C., Pieralisi, B.K., Rodríguez, J., Rodríguez-Maciel, J.C., Terán-Santofimio, H., Terán-Vargas, A.P., Valencia, S.J. & Willink, E. (2016) Current situation of pests targeted by Bt crops in Latin America. Current Opinion in Insect Science 15, 131138.
Bolsa de Cereales (2016) Panorama Agrícola Semanal. Estimaciones Agrícolas. Relevamiento al 21/07/2016. Available online at http://www.bolsadecereales.com.ar (last accessed 7 March 2017).
Brévault, T., Tabashnik, B.E. & Carrière, Y. (2015) A seed mixture increases dominance of resistance to Bt cotton in Helicoverpa zea . Scientific Reports 5, 9807. Doi: 10.1038/srep09807.
Callahan, P.S. (1958) Behavior of the imago of the corn earworm, Heliothis zea (Boddie), with special reference to emergence and reproduction. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 51, 271283.
Casmuz, A.S., Cazado, L.E., Scalora, F.S., Tuzza, M.F., Fernández, R.A., Fadda, C., Fadda, L.A., Dami, L., Colledani Toranzo, A., Gómez, C.H., De Felice, M., Vera, M.A. & Gastaminza, G. (2014) Evaluación de diferentes alternativas para el control del complejo de plagas del cultivo de soja. pp. 137142 in Devani, M.R., Ledesma, F. & Sánchez, J.R. (Eds) El cultivo de la soja en el noroeste argentino. Campaña 2013–2014. Publicación Especial Soja EEAOC N° 50, Las Talitas, Tucumán, Argentina, EEAOC. Available online at http://www.eeaoc.org.ar/publicaciones/categoria/16/461/10Plagas.html (last accessed 7 March 2017).
Cazado, L.E., Casmuz, A.S., Scalora, F.S., Fadda, C., Fernández, R.A., Tuzza, M.F., Fadda, L.A., Dami, L., Colledani Toranzo, A., Jadur, A., Vera, A., Gastaminza, G., López, R. & Ruiz, S. (2014) Comportamiento de la soja Bt frente a las principales plagas insectiles y depredadores en el Noroeste Argentino (NOA). pp. 153161 in Devani, M.R., Ledesma, F. & Sánchez, J.R. (Eds) El cultivo de la soja en el noroeste argentino. Campaña 2013–2014. Publicación Especial Soja EEAOC N° 50, Las Talitas, Tucumán, Argentina, EEAOC. Available online at http://www.eeaoc.org.ar/publicaciones/categoria/16/463/12Plagas-vs-Bt.html (last accessed 7 March 2017).
Colvin, J., Cooter, R.J. & Patel, S. (1994) Laboratory mating behavior and compatibility of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) originating from different geographical regions. Journal of Economic Entomology 87, 15021506.
Czepak, C., Albernaz, K.C., Vivan, L.M., Guimarães, H.O. & Carvalhais, T. (2013) First reported occurrence of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical 43, 110113. Available online at http://www.revistas.ufg.br/index.php/pat/article/view/23691/13928.
Domingues, F.A., Silva-Brandão, K.L., Abreu, A.G., Perera, O.P., Blanco, C.A., Cônsoli, F.L. & Omoto, C. (2012) Genetic Structure and gene flow among Brazilian populations of Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 105, 21362146.
Endersby, N.M., Hoffmann, A.A., McKechnie, S.W. & Weeks, A.R. (2007) Is there genetic structure in populations of Helicoverpa armigera from Australia? Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 122, 253263.
Farrow, R.A. & Daly, J.C. (1987) Long range movements as an adaptive strategy in the genus Heliothis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): a review of its occurrence and detection in four pest species. Australian Journal of Zoology 35, 124.
Fichetti, P., Avalos, S., Mazzuferi, V. & Carreras, J. (2009) Lepidópteros asociados al cultivo de garbanzo (Cicer arietinum L.) en Córdoba (Argentina). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas 35, 4958.
Fogliata, S.V., Vera, A., Gastaminza, G., Cuenya, M.I., Zucchi, M.I., Willink, E., Castagnaro, A.P. & Murúa, M.G. (2016) Hybrid sterility between two populations of Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) (F.) from different host plant species and regions in Argentina. Bulletin of Entomological Research 26, 17.
Forrester, N.W. (1990) Designing, implementing and servicing an insecticide resistance management strategy. Pesticide Science 28, 167179.
Forrester, N.W., Cahill, M., Bird, L.J. & Layland, J.K. (1993) Management of pyrethroid and endosulfan resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1, 1132.
Gao, Y., Wu, K., Gould, F. & Shen, Z. (2009) Cry2Ab tolerance response of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations from Cry1Ac cotton planting region. Journal of Economic Entomology 102, 12171223.
Giolo, F.P., Rossato Busato, G., Silveira Garcia, M., Manzoni, C.G., Bernardi, O. & Zart, M. (2006) Biologia de Helicoverpa zea (Boddie, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) em duas dietas artificiais. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência 12, 167171.
Gould, F., Anderson, A., Reynolds, A., Bumgarner, L. & Moar, W. (1995) Selection and genetic analysis of a Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) strain with high levels of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins. Journal of Economic Entomology 88, 15451559.
Gregg, P.C., Fitt, G.P., Zalucki, M.P. & Murray, D.A.H. (1995) Insect migration in an arid continent. II. Helicoverpa spp. in eastern Australia. pp. 151172 in Drake, V.A. & Gatehouse, A.G. (Eds) Insect Migration: Tracking Resources Through Space and Time. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Groot, A.T., Classen, A., Inglis, O., Blanco, C.A., López, J., Vargas, A.T., Schal, C., Heckel, G. & Schöfl, G. (2011) Genetic differentiation across North America in the generalist moth Helicoverpa virescens and the specialist H. subflexa . Molecular Ecology 20, 26762692.
Han, Q. & Caprio, M.A. (2002) Temporal and spatial patterns of allelic frequencies in cotton bollworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology 31, 462468.
Han, Q. & Caprio, M.A. (2004) Evidence from genetic markers suggests seasonal variation in dispersal in Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology 33, 12231231.
Hardee, D.D., Adams, L.C., Solomon, W.L. & Sumerford, D.V. (2001) Tolerance to Cry1Ac in Populations of Helicoverpa zea and Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Three-Year Summary. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology 18, 187197.
Hartstack, A.W., Lopez, J.D., Muller, R.A., Sterling, W.L., King, E.G., Witz, J.A. & Eversull, A.C. (1982) Evidence of long range migration of Heliothis zea (Boddie) into Texas and Arkansas. Southwestern Entomologist 7, 188201.
Iannone, N. & Leiva, P. (1993) Bioecología, umbrales de acción y control de la isoca bolillera Heliothis gelotopoeon Dyar en soja. Carpeta de producción vegetal. Tomo 3, Serie soja, Información 114. Buenos Aires, Argentina, EEA Pergamino.
InfoStat. (2006) InfoStat Version 2006, Manual del Usuario. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. 1st edn. Argentina, Editorial Brujas.
Joyce, A.L., White, W.H., Nuessly, G.S., Solis, M.A., Scheffer, S.J., Lewis, M.L. & Medina, R.F. (2014) Geographic population structure of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), in the southern United States. PLoS ONE 9(10): e110036. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110036.
Khiaban, N.G., Hejazi, M.S., Irani-Nejad, K.H., Mohammadi, S.A. & Khaghaninia, S. (2010) Genetic variability of geographical populations of the bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in west and northwest of Iran. Munis Entomology & Zoology 5, 670676.
Korman, A.K., Mallet, J., Goodenough, J.L., Graves, J.B., Hayes, J.L., Hendricks, D.E., Luttrell, R., Pair, S.D. & Wall, M. (1993) Population structure in Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae): an estimate of gene flow. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 86, 182188.
Kriticos, D.J., Ota, N., Hutchison, W.D., Beddow, J., Walsh, T., Tay, W.T., Borchert, D.M., Paula-Moreas, S.V., Czepak, C. & Zalucki, M.P. (2015) The potential distribution of invading Helicoverpa armigera in North America: is it just a matter of time? PLoS ONE 10, e0133224.
Kruskal, W.H. & Wallis, W.A. (1952) Use of ranks on one-criterion variance analysis. Journal of the American Statistical Association 47, 583621.
Laster, M.L. & Sheng, C.F. (1995) Search for hybrid sterility for Helicoverpa zea in crosses between the North American H. zea and H. armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from China. Journal of Economic Entomology 88, 12881291.
Lehmann, E.L. (1975) Nonparametrics: Statistical Methods Based on Ranks. San Francisco, USA, Holden-Day, Inc.
Leite, N.A., Alves-Pereira, A., Corrêa, A.S., Zucchi, M.I. & Omoto, C. (2014) Demographics and genetic variability of the new world bollworm (Helicoverpa zea) and the old world bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) in Brazil. PLoS ONE 9(11), e113286. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113286.
Li, G.P., Wu, K.M., Gould, F., Wang, J.K., Miao, J., Gao, X.W. & Guo, Y.Y. (2007) Increasing tolerance to Cry1Ac cotton from cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, was confirmed in Bt cotton farming area of China. Ecological Entomology 32, 366375.
Liu, F., Xu, Z., Zhu, Y.C., Huang, F., Wang, Y., Li, H., Gao, C., Zhou, W. & Shen, J. (2010) Evidence of field-evolved resistance to Cry1Ac-expressing Bt cotton in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in northern China. Pest Management Science 66, 155–61.
Liu, Z., Li, D., Gong, P.Y. & Wu, K.J. (2004) Life table studies of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on different host plants. Environmental Entomology 33, 15701576.
Lopez-Edwards, M., Hernandez Mendoza, J.L., Pescador Rubio, A., Molina Ochoa, J., Lezama Gutierrez, R., Hamm, J.J. & Wiseman, B.R. (1999) Biological differences between five populations of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) collected from corn in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 82, 254262.
MacRae, T.C., Baur, M.E., Boethel, D.J., Fitzpatrick, B.J., Gao, A., Gamundi, J.C., Harrison, L.A., Kabuye, V.T., McPherson, R.M., Miklos, J.A., Paradise, M.S., Toedebusch, A.S. & Viegas, A. (2005) Laboratory and field evaluations of transgenic soybean exhibiting high-dose expression of a synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis Cry 1A gene for control of Lepidoptera. Journal of Economic Entomology 98, 577587.
Mahon, R.J., Olsen, K.M., Garsia, K.S. & Young, S.R. (2007) Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry2Ab in a strain of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Australia. Journal of Economic Entomology 100, 894902.
Méndez Barceló, A. (2003) Aspectos biológicos sobre Heliothis virescens (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en la empresa municipal agropecuaria Antonio Guiteras de la zona norte de la provincia de Las Tunas. Fitosanidad 7, 2125.
Mironidis, G.K. (2014) Development, survivorship and reproduction of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under fluctuating temperatures. Bulletin of Entomological Research 104, 751764.
Mitter, C., Poole, R.W. & Matthews, M. (1993) Biosystematics of the Heliothinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annual Review of Entomology 38, 207225.
Monsanto. (2014) Beneficios de INTACTA RR2 PRO, 7p. Available online at http://www.intactarr2pro.com.ar (last accessed 7 March 2017).
Murúa, M.G., Virla, E. & Defagó, V. (2003) Evaluación de cuatro dietas artificiales para la cría de Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) destinada a mantener poblaciones experimentales de himenópteros parasitoides. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal Plagas 29, 4351.
Murúa, M.G., Vera, M.T., Abraham, S., Juaréz, M.L., Prieto, S., Head, G.P. & Willink, E. (2008) Fitness and mating compatibility of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations from different host plant species and regions in Argentina. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101, 639649.
Murúa, M.G., Scalora, F.S., Navarro, F.R., Cazado, L.E., Casmuz, A., Villagrán, M.E., Lobos, E. & Gastaminza, G. (2014) First record of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Argentina. Florida Entomologist 97, 854856.
Murúa, M.G., Cazado, L.E., Casmuz, A.S., Herrero, M.I., Villagrán, M.E., Vera, A., Sosa-Gómez, D.R., & Gastaminza, G. (2016) Species from the Heliothinae complex (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Tucumán, Argentina, an update of geographical distribution of Helicoverpa armigera . Journal of Insect Science 16, 17.
Naseri, B., Fathipour, Y., Moharramipour, S. & Hosseininaveh, V. (2009) Comparative life history and fecundity of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on different soybean varieties. Entomological Science 2, 147154.
Navarro, F.R., Saini, E.D. & Leiva, P.D. (2009) Clave pictórica de polillas de interés agrícola, agrupadas por relación de semejanza. Primera edición. Instituto Nacional de tecnología agropecuaria, INTA. Estación experimental agropecuaria Pergamino y IMyZA – CNIA Castelar, Facultad de Cs Naturales e Instituto ‘Miguel Lillo’, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Bs As, Argentina. 100pp.
Navarro, R.V. (1987) Comportamiento de emergencia y reproducción del gusano del jojoto (Heliothis zea Boddie). Agronomía Tropical 37, 5561.
Nibouche, S., Bues, R., Toubon, J.F. & Poitout, S. (1998) Allozyme polymorphism in the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): comparison of African and European populations. Heredity 80, 438445.
Pashley, D.P. & Martin, J.A. (1987) Reproductive incompatibility between host strains of the fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80, 731733.
Pashley, D.P., Hardy, T.N., Hammond, A.M. & Mihm, J.A. (1990) Genetic evidence for sibling species within the sugarcane borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83, 10481053.
Pastrana, J.A. (2004) Los lepidópteros Argentinos, sus plantas hospedadoras y otros sustratos alimenticios. Buenos Aires, Sociedad Entomológica Argentina ediciones. 334 pp.
Perera, O.P. & Blanco, C.A. (2011) Microsatellite variation in Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) populations in the Southern United States. Southwestern Entomologist 36, 271286.
Pérez Contreras, T. (1999) La especialización en los insectos fitógagos: Una regla más que una excepción. Boletín S.E.A. 26, 759776.
Pérez, J.C. & Suris, M. (2012) Ciclo de vida y reproducción de Heliothis virescens (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) sobre garbanzo. Revista de Protección Vegetal 27, 8589.
Pietrantonio, P.V., Junek, T.A., Parker, R., Mott, D., Siders, K., Troxclair, N., Vargas-Camplis, J., Westbrook, J.K. & Vassiliou, V.A. (2007) Detection and evolution of resistance to the pyrethroid cypermethrin in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations in Texas. Environmental Entomology 36, 11741188.
Pogue, M.G. (2013) Revised status of Chloridea Duncan and (Westwood), 1841, for the Heliothis virescens species group (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Heliothinae) based on morphology and three genes. Systematic Entomology 38, 523542.
Reisig, D.D. & Reay-Jones, F.P.F. (2015) Inhibition of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) growth by transgenic corn expressing Bt toxins and development of resistance to Cry1Ab. Environmental Entomology 44, 1275–85.
Rhainds, M., Gries, G. & Min, M.M. (1999) Size- and density-dependent reproductive success of bagworms, Metisa plana . Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 91, 375383.
Roehrdanz, R.L., Lopez, J.D., Loera, J. & Hendricks, D.E. (1994) Limited mitochondrial-DNA polymorphism in North-American populations of Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87, 856866.
Rull, J., Abraham, S., Kovaleski, A., Segura, D.F., Islam, A., Wornoayporn, V., Dammalage, T., Santo Tomas, U. & Vera, M.T. (2012) Random mating and reproductive compatibility among Argentinean and southern Brazilian populations of Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 102, 435443.
Scalora, F., Casmuz, A., Cazado, L., Socías, G., Tolosa, G., Aralde, M., Aybar Guchea, M., Fadda, L., Gómez, M., Gómez, H., Montaldi, T., Gastaminza, G., Willink, E. & Rodríguez, W. (2012) Evaluación de diferentes insecticidas para el control de la oruga bolillera, H. gelotopoeon Dyar (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). pp. 147–15 in Devani, M.R., Ledesma, F. & Sánchez, J.R. (Eds) El cultivo de la soja en el noroeste argentino. Campaña 2011/2012. Publicación Especial EEAOC n° 45. Las Talitas, Tuc., Argentina, EEAOC. Available online at http://www.eeaoc.org.ar/upload/publicaciones/archivos/286/20121122085717000000.pdf. (last accessed 7 March 2017).
SENAVE. Servicio Nacional de Calidad y Sanidad Vegetal y de Semillas. (2013). Alerta tras ingreso de peligrosa plaga agrícola. Color ABC, 17 October 2013. Available online at http://www.abc.com.py/edicion-impresa/economia/senaveen-alerta-tras-ingreso-de-peligrosa-plaga-agricola-629240.html (last accessed 7 march 2017).
Sharma, K.C., Bhardwaj, S.C. & Sharma, G. (2011) Systematic studies, life history and infestation by Helicoverpa armigera on tomato in semi arid region of Rajastan. Biological Forum. An International Journal 3, 5256.
Simmons, A.M. & Lynch, R.E. (1990) Egg production and adult longevity of Spodoptera frugiperda, Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on selected adult diets. Florida Entomologist 73, 665671.
Specht, A., Sosa-Gómez, D.R., Paula-Moraes, S.V. & Yano, S.A.C. (2013) Identificação morfológica e molecular de Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) e ampliação de seu registro de ocorrência no Brasil. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 48, 689692.
Tabashnik, B.J., Van Rensburg, J.B.J. & Carriere, R.E. (2009) Field-evolved insect resistance to Bt crops: definition, theory, and data. Journal of Economic Entomology 102, 20112025.
Tay, W.T., Soria, M.F., Walsh, T., Thomazoni, D., Silvie, P. & Behere, G.T. (2013) A brave new world for an old world pest: Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. PLoS ONE 8, e80134.
Tay, W.T., Mahon, R.J., Heckel, D.G., Walsh, T.K., Downes, S., James, W.J., Lee, S.F., Reineke, A., Williams, A.K. & Gordon, K.H.J. (2015) Insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry2Ab is conferred by mutations in an ABC transporter subfamily A protein. PLoS Genetics 11, e1005534.
Urretabizkaya, N., Vasicek, A. & Saini, E. (2010) Insectos perjudiciales de importancia agronómica. I. Lepidópteros. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Buenos Aires, Argentina, Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora y Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 77 pp.
Velasco de Stacul, M., Barral, J.M. & Orfila, R.N. (1969) Taxonomía, especificidad y caracteres biológicos diferenciados del complejo de especies denominadas ‘oruga del capullo’ del algodón, ‘oruga de la espiga’ del maíz, ‘oruga del brote’ del tabaco y ‘bolillera’ del lino. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INTA, Bs. As., Rep. Argentina. Serie 5. Patología Vegetal 6, 1968.
Westbrook, J.K. (2008) Noctuid migration in Texas within the nocturnal agro-ecological boundary layer. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48, 99106.
Westbrook, J.K. & Lopez, J.D. Jr. (2010) Long distance migration in Helicoverpa zea: what we know and need to know. Southwestern Entomologist 35, 355360.
Wu, K., Um, W., Liang, G. & Gou, Y. (2005) Regional reversion of insecticide resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is associated with the use of Bt cotton in northern China. Pest Management Science 61, 491498.
Yenagi, B.S., Patil, V.C., Biradar, D.P. & Khadi, B.M. (2012) Molecular diversity of cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hübner) using Rapd markers. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 11, 6165.
Zhou, X.F., Faktor, O., Applebaum, S.W. & Coll, M. (2000) Population structure of the pestiferous moth Helicoverpa armigera in the Eastern Mediterranean using RAPD analysis. Heredity 85, 251256.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed