Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Biology and ecology of Stomoxys nigra Macquart and Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera, Muscidae) in Mauritius

  • S. E. Kunz (a1) and J. Monty (a1)
Abstract

The distribution and seasonal abundance of Stomoxys nigra nigra Macq. and S. calcitrans (L.) in Mauritius was determined by field surveys in 1973–74. S. nigra, the species of major importance, is most common throughout the wetter, higher elevations where it becomes a major pest of cattle. S. calcitrans occurs throughout the island to a much lesser extent. Coastal areas with less than 60 inches of rain are generally free of damaging infestations of both species. Seasonal infestation levels were determined by making counts of flies feeding on animals and of flies on resting surfaces. Populations of up to 200 S. nigra per animal were highest during the warm, wet, sugar-cane cropping season but declined to generally non-damaging levels during the cool season. S. calcitrans increased up to 145 flies/animal during the cool, drier season and virtually disappeared during the wet season. S. nigra accounted for up to 98% of the total Stomoxys infestation with S. calcitrans making up 62 % of the total at one study site during the study.

Sugar-cane debris in fields was found to be the primary breeding source for 5. nigra, whereas decaying manure and organic matter provided the source for S. calcitrans. Generation-to-generation increases were usually below five-fold for both species. Both species exhibit two feeding peaks throughout the day at temperatures of 14°C or above.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Coaker, T. H. & Passmore, R. G. (1958). Stomoxys sp. on cattle in Uganda.—Nature, Lond. 182, 606607.
Dixon, J. B., Cull, R. S., Dunbar, I. F., Greenhill, R. J., Grimshaw, C. G., Hill, M. A., Landeg, F. J. & Miller, W. M. (1971). Non-cyclical transmission of trypanosomiasis in Uganda: I. Abundance and biting behaviour of Tabanidae and Stomoxys.—Vet. Rec. 89, 228233.
Harley, J. M. B. (1965). Seasonal abundance and diurnal variations in activity of some Stomoxys and Tabanidae in Uganda.—Bull. ent. Res. 56, 319332.
Kangwagye, T. N. (1973). Diurnal and nocturnal biting activity of flies (Diptera) in western Uganda.—Bull. ent. Res. 63, 1729.
Monty, J. (1972). A review of the stable fly problem in Mauritius.—Revue agric. sucr. Ȋle Maurice 51, 1329.
Moutia, A. (1928). Stomoxys nigra Macq.—Revue agric. Ȋle Maurice no. 37, 8889.
Nagaty, H. F. (1965). Death of two calves due to bites of Stomoxys nigra.—Vet. Rec. 77, 1494.
Parr, H. C. M. (1959). Studies on Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) in Uganda, East Africa. I.—A method of rearing large numbers of Stomoxys calcitrans.—Butt. ent. Res. 50, 165169.
Zumpt, F. (1973). The Stomoxyine biting flies of the world. Diptera: Muscidae. Taxonomy, biology, economic importance and control measures.—175 pp., Stuttgart, Fischer.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed