Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Field studies of the responses of tsetse flies (Glossinidae) and other Diptera to carbon dioxide, acetone and other chemicals

  • G. A. Vale (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

In studies in the Zambesi Valley, Zimbabwe, carbon dioxide alone dispensed at 2·5 to 15 litres/min, or acetone alone dispensed at 0·3 to 300 g·h, increased by up to six times the catches of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westw, and G. pallidipes Aust. from stationary biconical traps, stationary electrocuting traps used with and without a visual target, and a mobile party of hand-net catchers. Catches were increased further when the chemicals were dispensed together. Carbon dioxide at 2·5 litres/min plus acetone at 15 g/h was about half as effective as ox odour for enhancing the catches from an electrocuting trap plus target; the efficacy of carbon dioxide at 15 litres/min plus acetone at 300 g/h was not significantly different from that of ox odour. Several short-chain ketones, and also formaldehyde and propionaldehyde, were attractive. Several long-chain ketones, and also heptaldehyde and caproic acid, were repellent. Carbon dioxide was attractive for Tabanidae, Stomoxyinae and non-biting Muscidae. Acetic acid was repellent for Stomoxyinae and non-biting Muscidae.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Bursell E. (1977). Chemosterilisation of tsetse flies using a pressurised metepa aerosol.—Trans. Rhod. scient. Ass. 58, 4347.
Challier A. & Laveissiere C. (1973). Un nouveau piège pour la capture des glossines (Glossina: Diptera, Muscidae): description et essais sur le terrain.—Cah. ORSTOM, Ser. Entomol. med. Parasitol. 11, 251262.
Frezil J. L. & Carnevale P. (1976). Utilisation de la carboglace pour la capture de Glossina fuscipes quanzensis Pires, 1948, avec le piège Challier-Laveissière. Conséquences épidémiologiques.—Cah. ORSTOM, Ser. Entomol. med. Parasitol. 14, 225233.
Gaddum J. H. (1961). Pharmacology.—5th edn, 587 pp. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Hargrove J. W. & Vale G. A. (1978). The effect of host odour concentration on catches of tsetse flies (Glossinidae) and other Diptera in the field.—Bull. ent. Res. 68, 607612.
Vale G. A. (1974 a). New field methods for studying the responses of tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae) to hosts.—Bull. ent. Res. 64, 199208.
Vale G. A. (1974 b). The responses of tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae) to mobile and stationary baits.—Bull. ent. Res. 64, 545588.
Vale G. A. (1979). Field responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to odours of men, lactic acid and carbon dioxide.—Bull. ent. Res. 69, 459467.
Vale G. A. & Hargrove J. W. (1979). A method of studying the efficiency of traps for tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) and other insects.—Bull. ent. Res. 69, 183193.
Vale G. A. & Phelps R. J. (1978). Sampling problems with tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae).—J. appl. Ecol. 15, 715726.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 104 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.