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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Laborius, A. 2009. Untersuchungen über die Parasitierung des Kohlschotenrüßlers (Ceuthorrhynchus assimilis Payk.) und der Kohlschotengallmücke (Dasyneura brassicae Winn.) in Schleswig-Holstein. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, Vol. 72, Issue. 1-4, p. 14.


    Wilkinson, D. S. 2009. DESCRIPTION OF PALEARCTIC SPECIES OF APANTELES (HYMEN., BRACONIDAE). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Vol. 95, Issue. 3, p. 35.


    Wheeler, A 2000. Heteroptera of Economic Importance.


    SALT, GEORGE 1968. THE RESISTANCE OF INSECT PARASITOIDS TO THE DEFENCE REACTIONS OF THEIR HOSTS. Biological Reviews, Vol. 43, Issue. 2, p. 200.


    Salt, George 1963. The defence reactions of insects to metazoan parasites. Parasitology, Vol. 53, Issue. 3-4, p. 527.


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Natural Enemies of the Pear Leaf-curling Midge, Perrisia pyri, Bouché (Dipt., Cecidom.)

  • J. G. Myers (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300019799
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract

There are three main parasitoids and one very efficient predator associated with Perrisia pyri in France. Of these, at least during July and August, the predacious Capsid, Pilophorus perplexus, achieves the greatest destruction of midge larvae.

The two species of Platygasterids differ in several points of ethology from the species of the same or adjacent genera attacking Contarinia pyrivora. They are both egg-parasites, developing very slowly in the midge larvae during the growth of the host. Their action appears to be largely complementary, corresponding to morphological differences in the organs of oviposition. Their life-history is very imperfectly known.

Torymus abbreviatus is extremely efficient. Its eggs are laid within the curled leaf among well-grown midge maggots on which the larva lives as an ectoparasitoid. The duration and location of the pupa stadium is unfortunately not yet known.

Some half a dozen other enemies were found to play a less important part than the preceding.

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Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
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