Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 191
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Auty, Harriet Morrison, Liam J. Torr, Stephen J. and Lord, Jennifer 2016. Transmission Dynamics of Rhodesian Sleeping Sickness at the Interface of Wildlife and Livestock Areas. Trends in Parasitology, Vol. 32, Issue. 8, p. 608.


    Wachira, Benson M. Mireji, Paul O. Okoth, Sylvance Ng’ang’a, Margaret M. William, Julius M. Murilla, Grace A. and Hassanali, Ahmed 2016. Responses of Glossina pallidipes and Glossina morsitans morsitans tsetse flies to analogues of δ-octalactone and selected blends. Acta Tropica, Vol. 160, p. 53.


    Alsan, Marcella 2015. The Effect of the TseTse Fly on African Development†. American Economic Review, Vol. 105, Issue. 1, p. 382.


    Bett, Mathew K. Saini, Rajinder K. and Hassanali, Ahmed 2015. Repellency of tsetse-refractory waterbuck (Kobus defassa) body odour to Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae): Assessment of relative contribution of different classes and individual constituents. Acta Tropica, Vol. 146, p. 17.


    Rayaisse, Jean-Baptiste Salou, Ernest Courtin, Fabrice Yoni, Wilfrid Barry, Issiaka Dofini, Fabien Kagbadouno, Moise Camara, Mamadou Torr, Stephen J and Solano, Philippe 2015. Baited-boats: an innovative way to control riverine tsetse, vectors of sleeping sickness in West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,


    Rock, Kat S. Stone, Chris M. Hastings, Ian M. Keeling, Matt J. Torr, Steve J. and Chitnis, Nakul 2015. Mathematical Models for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Essential Tools for Control and Elimination, Part A.


    Torr, S.J. and Vale, G.A. 2015. Know your foe: lessons from the analysis of tsetse fly behaviour. Trends in Parasitology, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 95.


    Guidobaldi, F. May-Concha, I.J. and Guerenstein, P.G. 2014. Morphology and physiology of the olfactory system of blood-feeding insects. Journal of Physiology-Paris, Vol. 108, Issue. 2-3, p. 96.


    CHAMBERS, E. W. BOSSIN, H. C. RITCHIE, S. A. RUSSELL, R. C. and DOBSON, S. L. 2013. Landing response ofAedes (Stegomyia) polynesiensismosquitoes to coloured targets. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 332.


    Childs, S.J. 2013. A set of discrete formulae for the performance of a tsetse population during aerial spraying. Acta Tropica, Vol. 125, Issue. 2, p. 202.


    Hargrove, John 2013. An example from the world of tsetse flies. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, Vol. 10, Issue. 3, p. 691.


    Anderson, John R. 2012. Host Specific Cephenemyia of Deer Repelled by Non-Host Odors. Journal of Insect Behavior, Vol. 25, Issue. 6, p. 620.


    GURBA, ALEXANDRE HARRACA, VINCENT PERRET, JEAN-LUC CASERA, STEVE DONNET, STÉPHANE and GUERIN, PATRICK M. 2012. Three-dimensional flight tracking shows how a visual target alters tsetse fly responses to human breath in a wind tunnel. Physiological Entomology, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 250.


    HARGROVE, JOHN W. 2012. Age-specific changes in sperm levels among female tsetse (Glossina spp.) with a model for the time course of insemination. Physiological Entomology, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 278.


    Welburn, Susan C. and Maudlin, Ian 2012.


    Childs, S.J. 2011. Theoretical levels of control as a function of mean temperature and spray efficacy in the aerial spraying of tsetse fly. Acta Tropica, Vol. 117, Issue. 3, p. 171.


    HARGROVE, J. W. OUIFKI, R. and AMEH, J. E. 2011. A general model for mortality in adult tsetse (Glossina spp.). Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 25, Issue. 4, p. 385.


    TORR, S. J. CHAMISA, A. VALE, G. A. LEHANE, M. J. and LINDH, J. M. 2011. Responses of tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes, to baits of various size. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 25, Issue. 4, p. 365.


    TORR, S. J. MANGWIRO, T. N. C. and HALL, D. R. 2011. Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 192.


    Bett, B. Randolph, T.F. Irungu, P. Nyamwaro, S.O. Kitala, P. Gathuma, J. Grace, D. Vale, G. Hargrove, J. and McDermott, J. 2010. Field trial of a synthetic tsetse-repellent technology developed for the control of bovine trypanosomosis in Kenya. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 97, Issue. 3-4, p. 220.


    ×

The responses of tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae) to mobile and stationary baits

  • G. A. Vale (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300035860
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
Abstract

In Rhodesia, field studies were made of the initial attraction of G. morsitans morsitans Westw. and G. pallidipes Aust. to mobile and stationary baits, using flight traps which surrounded baits or which were placed in the densest part of the attracted swarm. With stationary baits, many flies were attracted by host odour and visual stimuli assisted final orientation. With mobile baits, many flies were attracted by visual stimuli alone; odour did not increase attraction. With both mobile and stationary baits, there was no indication that major hosts are much more effective than minor ones as initial attractants, although stationary men were exceptionally poor baits, for G. pallidipes especially. The sex and species compositions of catches from stationary baits other than men were representative roughly of the inactive population—70% females of both species, and a roughly 1:4 ratio of G. morsitans to G. pallidipes. The sex and species compositions of catches from all mobile baits were biased—40% female G. morsitans, 60% female G. pallidipes, and a roughly 2:1 species ratio. Nearly all flies attracted to stationary baits were hungry whereas 10–25% of both sexes visiting mobile baits had fed recently. The use of a variety of electrocuting devices showed that compact persistent responses and alighting reactions of attracted flies were evident more for males than for females, more for G. morsitans than for G. pallidipes, more near model animals with host odour than near odourless models, more near models than near men, and more with tenerals and hungry non-tenerals than with recently fed flies. Men with mobile baits depressed greatly the alighting reactions and with stationary baits men inhibited greatly the initial attractions. Both effects of men were greater with females than with males and greater with G. pallidipes than with G. morsitans. Men were recognised by their upright appearance and odour. Only desperately hungry flies probed men whereas less-hungry flies probed an ox with men. Food-seeking flies of differing nutritional state were not shown to distinguish between mobile and stationary baits. Although the results support the conventional view that mating and feeding functions in the response to hosts occupy distinct phases of the hunger cycle, it seems necessary to modify the conventional view by placing more emphasis on the role of mobile baits as food sources and by envisaging a definite mate-seeking response by mature females.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Brady (1972 b). Spontaneous, circadian components of tsetse fly activity.—J. Insect Physiol. 18, 471484.

E. Bursell (1959 a). The water balance of tsetse flies.—Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 111, 205235.

J. A. Downes (1969). The swarming and mating flight of Diptera.—A. Rev. Ent., 14, 271298.

A. G. Gatehouse (1972). Some responses of tsetse flies to visual and olfactory stimuli.—Nature New Biol. 236, 6364.

R. D. Pilson & B. M. Leggate (1962). A diurnal and seasonal study of the feeding activity of Glossina pallidipes Aust.—Bull. ent. Res. 53, 541550.

I. M. Smith & B. D. Rennison (1961). Studies of the sampling of Glossina pallidipes Aust. I. —The numbers caught daily on cattle, in Morris traps and on a fly-roundBull. ent. Res. 52, 165182.

G. A. Vale (1974). New field methods for studying the responses of tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae) to hostsBull. ent. Res. 64, 199208.

F. L. Vanderplank (1944). Studies on the behaviour of the tsetse-fly (Glossina pallidipes) in the field: the attractiveness of various baits.—J. Anim. Ecol. 13, 3948.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×