page 478 note 1 I have to thank Professors Sidney Smith and W. B. Henning for these and other references and for valuable criticisms and suggestions.
page 478 note 2 As calculated by Minns.
page 479 note 1 With the map-makers I use this name for convenience; in Kurdistān the names of mountain ranges generally vary from sector to sector and sometimes according to the side of the mountain on which the speaker lives or happens to be standing.
page 480 note 1 Speiser, E. A., ‘Southern Kurdistan in the Annals of Ashurnasirpal,’ in the Annals of the, American Schools of Oriental Besearch, vol. viii, for 1926–1927.
page 480 note 2 See my note, ‘Two Ancient Monuments in Southern Kurdistan,’ in the Geographical Journal, vol. lxv, 1925, and Smith, Sidney, Early History of Assyria, p. 97.
page 480 note 3 A popular but hardly acceptable etymology for BĀSIRA was once given me by an ingenious Kurd: B A wind and SIRHE (from SIRHĪN ‘to wipe’), the rubbing noise of the wind as it rushes through the gap. The British military maps and those of the Iraq Surveys with names originally in English spell the name indifferently BASIRA and BASIRRA, with no indication of quantity; the latest (1: 500,000) map with names in Arabic has but since it was not improbably transliterated from the English, or if it was written down by a Kurd he would not have hesitated to use to represent short i (as he would have written for short u or for short a), the presence of the is not necessarily authoritative. Ernst Herzfeld, in the map accompanying his Paikuli (Berlin, 1924), spells the name BA'SIRRA. Neither my own recollection (I have been through or near the gap many times) nor any other of the sources here quoted supports the presence of an ‘ain, hamza or other pause at the end of the first syllable. His use of the double Rr may, however, be due to the sound of the rolled Kurdish R, which the Kurds sometimes distinguish by a dot placed under the thus , and which I write Rh. My recollection, supported by the popular etymology, is that the i is short and the r rolled.
page 481 note 1 Tarn, W. W., ‘Seleucid-Parthian Studies,’ in the Proceedings of the British Academy, vol. xvi.
page 481 note 2 Verbal information from Professor Sidney Smith.
page 482 note 1 Tarn, loc. cit., gives reasons for believing that the major sub-division of the old satrapies was the eparchy and that the hyparchies were secondary subdivisions, some of which might have been quite small.