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The French Law on Duty of Care: A Historic Step Towards Making Globalization Work for All

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*

Head of Globalization and Human Rights Programme, Sherpa.

**

Coordinator, European Coalition for Corporate Justice.

***

Legal Advisor, Sherpa.

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1 Loi no. 2017-399 du 27 Mars 2017 relative au devoir de vigilance des sociétés mères et des entreprises donneuses d’ordre, https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000034290626&categorieLien=id (accessed 4 April 2017).

3 Loi relative au devoir de vigilance des sociétés mères et des entreprises donneuses d’ordre, Art 4, para 3.

4 See MEDEF, ‘Devoir de vigilance: une loi inefficace qui menace notre économie’ (1 December 2016), http://www.medef.com/medef-tv/actualites/detail/article/devoir-de-vigilance-une-loi-inefficace-qui-menace-notre-economie.html (accessed 24 April 2017); CCI Paris Ile de France, ‘Proposition de loi instaurant une obligation de vigilance à l’encontre de certaines sociétés’ (29 June 2015), http://www.cci-paris-idf.fr/etudes/competitivite/droit-entreprise/obligation-de-vigilance-etudes (accessed 24 April 2017); and Association Française des Entreprises Privées (AFEP), ‘Proposition de loi sur la responsabilité des sociétés mères et entreprises donneuses d’ordre’, Press Release (31 March 2015), http://www.afep.com/uploads/medias/documents/Communique%20de%20presse%20PPL%20sur%20la%20responsabilite%20des%20soci%C3%A9tes%20meres%20et%20entreprises%20donneuses%20dordre.pdf (accessed 24 April 2017)

5 Olivier de Schutter et al, ‘Human Rights Due Diligence: The Role of States’ (December 2012), http://corporatejustice.org/hrdd-role-of-states-3-dec-2012.pdf (accessed 26 May 2017).

6 Swiss Coalition for Corporate Justice, ‘This is How the Initiative Works’, http://konzern-initiative.ch/initiativtext/?lang=en (accessed 4 April 2017).

7 Rubio Juan José Álvarez and Yiannibas Katerina (eds), Human Rights in Business: Removal of Barriers to Access to Justice in the European Union (London: Routledge, 2017). See in particular Part 4 entitled ‘Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights vis-à-vis Legal Duty of Care’.

8 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, 15 U.S.C. §§ 78dd-1 et seq.

9 Bribery Act 2010, sec 23.

10 Regulation (EU) no. 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010, laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market.

11 Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting up a Union system for supply chain due diligence self-certification of responsible importers of tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores, and gold originating in conflict-affected and high-risk areas. COM/2014/0111 final - 2014/0059 (COD).

12 Modern Slavery Act 2015, sec 54(2)(b)

13 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act 2010, sec 1502.

14 Décision no. 2017-750, note 2, para 3

15 Loi no. 2017-399, note 1, art 1, para 3.

16 Ibid, art 1, paras 4–9.

17 French Commercial Code, art L.233-16 II.

18 Loi no. 2017-399, note 1, art 1, para 3.

19 See French Commercial Code, art L. 442-6-I-5 and Cour de cassation, Chambre Commerciale, 18 December 2007.

20 Article 8 of the French Human Rights and Citizens Declaration of 1789.

21 Décision no. 2017-750, note 2, para 13.

22 Ibid, para 28.

23 See, e.g., décision no. 2016-741 DC du 8 Décembre 2016 Loi relative à la transparence, à la lutte contre la corruption et à la modernisation de la vie économique, para 103, http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/conseil-constitutionnel/root/bank/download/2016741DC2016741dc.pdf (accessed 24 April 2017).

24 Child Labour Due Diligence (Wet Zorgplicht Kinderarbeid) was adopted by the Dutch parliament in February 2017, now awaiting approval by the Senate. India Committee of the Netherlands, ‘Child Labour Due Diligence Law for companies adopted by Dutch Parliament’ (8 February 2017), http://www.indianet.nl/170208e.html (accessed 20 April 2017).

25 Loi no. 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l’environnement (Grenelle 2), art 225.

26 Act amending the Danish Financial Statement Act (Accounting for CSR in large businesses), adopted by the Danish Parliament on 16 December 2008.

* Head of Globalization and Human Rights Programme, Sherpa.

** Coordinator, European Coalition for Corporate Justice.

*** Legal Advisor, Sherpa.

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  • ISSN: 2057-0198
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