Skip to main content Accessibility help

Ethical Challenges for Business in the New Millennium: Corporate Social Responsibility and Models of Management Morality

  • Archie B. Carroll


As we transition to the 21st century, it is useful to think about some of the most important challenges business and other organizations will face as the new millennium begins. What will constitute “business as usual” in the business ethics arena as we start and move into the new century? My overall thought is that we will pulsate into the future on our current trajectory and that the new century will not cause cataclysmic changes, at least not immediately. Rather, the problems and challenges we face now we will face then. Undoubtedly, new issues will arise but they will more likely be extensions of the present than discontinuities with the past.



Hide All
Aguilar, Francis J. 1994. Managing Corporate Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
American Enterprise. 1999. “Opinion Pulse.” May/June, p. 90.
Badaracco, Joseph L. Jr. 1998. “The Discipline of Building Character.” Harvard Business Review, March-April, pp. 115124.
Boatright, John R. 1993. Ethics and the Conduct of Business. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Boatright, John R. 1998. “Does Business Ethics Rest on a Mistake?” San Diego: Society for Business Ethics Presidential Address, August 69.
Carroll, Archie B. 1979. “A Three-Dimensional Conceptual Model of Corporate Social Performance.” Academy of Management Review 4: 497505.
Carroll, Archie B. 1987. “In Search of the Moral Manager.” Business Horizons, March-April, pp. 715.
Carroll, Archie B. 1991. “The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Toward the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders.” Business Horizons 34: 3948.
Carroll, Archie B. 1995. “Stakeholder Thinking in Three Models of Management Morality: A Perspective with Strategic Implications.” In Understanding Stakeholder Thinking, ed. Nasi, Juha. Helsinki: LSR-Publications, pp. 4774. Also in Clarkson 1998, pp. 139172.
Carroll, Archie B. 1996. Business and Society: Ethics and Stakeholder Management, 3rd ed. Cincinnati: South-Western College Publishing/International Thompson Publishing.
Carroll, Archie B. 1998. “The Four Faces of Corporate Citizenship.” Business and Society Review 100/101: 17.
Carroll, Archie B. and Meeks, Michael D. 1999. “Models of Management Morality: European Applications and Implications.” Business Ethics: A European Review 8, no. 2: 108116.
Clarkson, Max B. E., ed. 1998. The Corporation and its Stakeholders: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Ciulla, Joanne B. 1998. Ethics, the Heart of Leadership. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Costa, John Dalla. 1998. The Ethical Imperative: Why Moral Leadership is Good Business. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.
DeGeorge, Richard T. 1999. Business Ethics. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Gini, Al. 1998. “Moral Leadership and Business Ethics.” In Ethics, the Heart of Leadership, ed. Ciulla, Joanne, pp. 2745.
Hamel, Gary and Prahalad, C. K. 1994. Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Hood, John M. 1996. The Heroic Enterprise: Business and the Common Good. New York: The Free Press.
Isaacson, Walter. 1999. “The Biotech Century.” Time, January 11, pp. 4243.
Jennings, Marianne and Cantoni, Craig. 1998. “An Uncharitable Look at Corporate Philanthropy.” Wall Street Journal, December 22, p. A8.
Kehoe, William J. 1998. “GATT and WTO Facilitating Global Trade.” Journal of Global Business, Spring, pp. 6776.
Morgan, Peter W. and Reynolds, Glenn H. 1997. The Appearance of Impropriety: How the Ethics Wars Have Undermined American Government, Business, and Society. New York: The Free Press.
Nasi, Juha, ed. 1995. Understanding Stakeholder Thinking. Helsinki, Finland: LSR Publications.
Paine, Lynn Sharp. 1994. “Managing for Organizational Integrity.” Harvard Business Review, March-April, pp. 106117.
Powers, Charles W. and Vogel, David. 1980. Ethics in the Education of Business Managers. Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y.: The Hastings Center, pp. 4045.
Soros, George. 1998. The Crisis of Global Capitalism. New York: Public Affairs.
Wheeler, David and Sillanpaa, Maria. 1997. The Stakeholder Corporation. London: Pitman Publishing.
Wilson, James Q. 1993. The Moral Sense. New York: The Free Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Business Ethics Quarterly
  • ISSN: 1052-150X
  • EISSN: 2153-3326
  • URL: /core/journals/business-ethics-quarterly
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed