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Just Healthcare beyond Individualism: Challenges for North American Bioethics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 July 2009

Solomon R. Benatar
Affiliation:
is Professor and Head of the Department of Medicine and Director of the Bioethics Centre at the University of Cape Town, and Physician-in-Chief at Groote Schuur Hospital, South Africa.

Extract

Medical practitioners have traditionally seen themselves as part of an international community with shared and unifying scientific and ethical goals in the treatment of disease, the promotion of health, and the protection of life. This shared mission is underpinned by explicit acceptance of traditional concepts of medical morality, and by an implied link between individual human rights and the ethics of medical practice long enshrined in a range of World Medical Association (WMA) and other medical codes. These have been powerful instruments exhorting individual practitioners to promote health and to defend universal principles in order to protect their patients and the physician-patient relationship even in the face of authoritarian state coercion and imposed national ideologies and policies. There has been widespread support for this approach and this should be intensified.

Type
Special Section: Expanding the Boundaries of Bioethics
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1997

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