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Spain's Record Organ Donations: Mining Moral Conviction

Abstract

Over the past 20 years, organ donations in Spain have soared from modest numbers to the highest rate in the world. In the brief span between 1998 and 2005, donation rates have increased from 14 per million population (p.m.p.) to 35.1 p.m.p. By way of comparison the number in the United States is 25.5 donations p.m.p.

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1. Law 30/1979 on Organ Extraction and Transplantation; available at http://www.boe.es/g/es/bases_datos/doc.php?coleccion=iberlex&id=1979/26445 (last accessed 30 Aug 2007).

2. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. Actividad de donación y trasplante de órganos—2006; available at http://www.msc.es/gabinetePrensa/notaPrensa/pdf/notaPrensa20070110.pdf (last accessed 30 Aug 2007).

3. See note 2, Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo 2006.

4. Calbo Torrecillas F. Vacuna contra el cólera. Asociación Española de Vacunología, June 2004; available at http://www.vacunas.org/images/stories/recursos/profesionales/temasactuales/2004/temaJunio2004.pdf (last accessed 30 Aug 2007).

5. See note 1, Law 30/1979.

6. Matesanz R. El milagro de los trasplantes. Madrid: La esfera de los libros; 2006:39.

7. Conferencia Episcopal Española. Sobre la donación y el trasplante de órganos. October 25, 1984; available at http://donacion.organos.ua.es/info_sanitaria/religiones/catolicismo.htm (last accessed 30 Aug 2007); Wilson J. Examining the issues. In Organ Donation and Transplantation: The Multi-Faith Perspective. Bradford, UK: The Bradford Hospitals NHS Trust; 2000:16.

8. See note 2, Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo 2006.

9. Spanish Ombudsman. Annual Report 1989:222; available at http://www.defensordelpueblo.es/index.asp?destino=informes1.asp (last accessed 30 Aug 2007).

10. See note 7, Conferencia Episcopal Española 1984.

11. Global Observatory on Donation & Transplantation; available at http://www.transplant-observatory.org.

12. A 2004 poll by the Center for Sociology Research on Opinions and Attitudes Toward Family showed that 98.8% of Spaniards considered family relatively or very important, far above their job, politics, or money, and that 96.7% were relatively or very satisfied with their family; available at http://www.cis.es/cis/opencms/-Archivos/Marginales/2560_2579/e257800.html (last accessed 30 Aug 2007).

13. Fernández Lucas M. Aspectos psíquicos y sociales relacionados con la percepción de la donación de órganos. Formación continuada en donación y trasplante de órganos y tejidos. Madrid: Insalud; 1998:189–204.

14. Gomez Marinero P, Santiago Cuervos C, Moñino Martinez A. Consentimiento familiar para la donación de órganos: Causas de negación y estrategias de cambio. Formación continuada en donación y trasplante de órganos y tejidos. Madrid: Insalud; 1998:163–85.

15. Gomez Marinero P, Santiago Cuervos C, Moñino Martinez A. La entrevista de donación y la relación de ayuda. Coordinación y trasplantes: El modelo español. Madrid: Grupo Aula Médica; 1995:125–34.

16. See note 2, Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo 2006.

17. Frutos MA, Blanca MJ, Rando B, Ruiz P, Rosel J. Actitudes de las familias de donantes y no-donantes de órganos. Revista Española de Trasplantes 1994;3:163–9.

Translated from the Spanish original by Pablo Rodríguez del Pozo and Joseph J. Fins.

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-quarterly-of-healthcare-ethics
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