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  • Cited by 7
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Aybek, Eren Can Çavdar, Duygu and Özabacı, Tansu Mutlu Nilüfer 2015. University Students’ Moral Judgment and Emotional Intelligence Level: A Model Testing. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 191, p. 2740.

    Handal, Boris Watson, Kevin Fellman, Marc Maher, Marguerite and White, Miya 2015. Conscience, Leadership and the Problem of ‘Dirty Hands’.

    Balez, R. Berthou, C. and Carpentier, F. -G. 2014. Annoncer un lymphome : l’empathie dans la formation des étudiants en médecine. Psycho-Oncologie, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 29.

    MAXWELL, BRUCE and RACINE, ERIC 2010. Should Empathic Development Be a Priority in Biomedical Ethics Teaching? A Critical Perspective. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Vol. 19, Issue. 04, p. 433.

    Maxwell, Bruce and Le Sage, Leonie 2009. Are psychopaths morally sensitive?. Journal of Moral Education, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Pedersen, Reidar 2009. Empirical research on empathy in medicine—A critical review. Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 76, Issue. 3, p. 307.

    Racine, Eric 2008. Enriching Our Views on Clinical Ethics: Results of a Qualitative Study of the Moral Psychology of Healthcare Ethics Committee Members. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 57.

  • Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Volume 4, Issue 4
  • October 1995, pp. 448-453

The Relationship of Empathy to Moral Reasoning in First-Year Medical Students

  • Donnie J. Self (a1), Geetha Gopalakrishnan (a2), William Robert Kiser (a3) and Margie Olivarez (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2009

The Norman Rockwell image of the American physician who fixed the broken arm of a child, treated the father for hypertension, and brought an unborn child into this world is now almost nonexistent. Since the time of the Rockwell portrait, a highly technical medical industry has evolved. Now two-thirds of physicians are board certified in subspecialties, and patients visit an average of 3–4 different physicians per year. Today's physicians see themselves less as “benevolent and wise counselors overseeing the patient's welfare and more as objective scientists applying the latest technical methods to bring about the desired end.” The intimate patient-physician relationship that was once the norm in our society is rapidly disappearing.

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C Gilligan . In a different voice: women's conceptions of self and morality. Harvard Educational Review 1977;47(4):481517.

DJ Self , M Olivarez . The influence of gender on conflicts of interest in the allocation of limited critical care resources: justice vs. care. Journal of Critical Care 1993;8(1):6474.

MH Davis . Measuring individual differences in empathy: evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1983;44(1):113–26.

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-quarterly-of-healthcare-ethics
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