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Instructions for authors

SCOPE OF THE JOURNAL. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics is designed to serve as an international forum for addressing the increasingly complex challenges of biology, medicine, and healthcare. As a journal committed to expanding the community of bioethicists worldwide, CQ welcomes well-argued papers from a variety of methodological and normative viewpoints.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS. Papers submitted to CQ should be sent as electronic copy, preferably in MS Word, and should contain in the following order: title page, text, references. Manuscripts typically should be 5,000 to 7,000 words, including endnotes. More detailed guidelines follow.

If there are any questions of the scope or how to submit, please contact the editor at

Title Page: Title of the article, name of each author with institutional affiliation and complete mailing address for correspondence, plus phone and fax numbers and e-mail address. Include a short title of 45 characters or fewer to be used as a runninghead. Acknowledgments, if any, are to be provided with the submission as an unnumbered footnote. They are not to be added later with proof corrections.

References: Responsibility for accuracy and thoroughness of citations rests with the author(s). References are to be placed as endnotes following the article (not as footnotes on each page) and are to be numbered in the order of the callouts. For multiple callouts of the same reference, each callout is to be given its own superscript arabic number; then in the Notes section a crossreference should be used, styled as in item 4 below. The names of the first six authors of each reference item should be provided, followed by ", et al." if there are more than six authors.

References should follow the format of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, with the CQ modification that titles of journals and books are to be spelled out in full (except JAMA) and italicized. Sample references in the style of the ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals can be obtained at Lawyers may use their own standard
style ("The Bluebook") but avoid abbreviations.

Examples of the correct CQ format follow.

  1. Parker SG, Kassirer JP. Decision analysis. New England Journal of Medicine 1987;316:250–8. or: . . . 1987;316(2):250–8.
  2. Beauchamp TL, Walters L, eds. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth; 1994.
  3. Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, eds. Pathologic Physiology: Mechanisms of Disease. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1974:457–72.
  4. See note 2, Beauchamp, Walters 1994:431–512.
  5. Mathewes-Green F. Dignity, always dignity. World Magazine 1995 Feb 18; available at (last accessed 15 Jul 2007).

"Unpublished observations" and "personal communications" should not appear in the references, but should be inserted in parentheses in the text.

Quotations: Extensive quotations should be set off in a separate paragraph with double indentation. Short quotations remain in the running text, enclosed in double quotation marks. When quoting another author, always indicate the specific source page number in the corresponding endnote.

Abbreviations: Avoid abbreviations in the title. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text.

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically as Word files using the journal's ScholarOne Manuscripts submission system. Please visit: The ScholarOne Manuscripts system will prompt new users to create an account and log in before starting a new submission. Once the author begins a new submission, the system will provide step-by-step instructions. The website will automatically acknowledge receipt of the manuscript and provide a reference number once the submission process is complete. Before manuscripts can be considered for review, they must meet the standard requirements of written academic English. Author(s) should state, in a covering letter, that the material has not been previously published elsewhere nor submitted for publication elsewhere.

Conflicts of interest declaration: All authors must include a conflicts of interest declaration in their manuscript, after the References. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article. Conflicts interest are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations. If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include conflicts of interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Conflicts of interest: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.” If no conflicts of interest exist, the declaration should state “Conflicts of interest: The author(s) declare none”.

COPYRIGHT. Authors of accepted articles will be asked to sign a License to Publish form, but will retain copyright of the article.

LANGUAGE EDITING SERVICES. Contributions written in English are welcomed from all countries. Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the editor and any reviewers. Cambridge offers a service which authors can learn about here. Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge published journal.

Publishing your article as Gold Open Access

You will have the option to publish your article as Gold Open Access, enabling the final published version to be made freely available under a Creative Commons license. You might be required to pay an Article Processing Charge (APC) for Gold Open Access. You may be eligible for a waiver or discount, for example if your institution is part of a Read and Publish sales agreement with Cambridge University Press. For more information about your Open Access options, please see here. For more information about the benefits of choosing to publish Open Access, see here.

Last updated 5 October 2021