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New Early Eocene brown lacewings (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) from western North America

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 April 2012

Vladimir N. Makarkin*
Affiliation:
Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690022 Russia
S. Bruce Archibald
Affiliation:
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States of America
John D. Oswald
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2475, United States of America
*
1 Corresponding author (e-mail: vmakarkin@mail.primorye.ru).

Abstract

Two Early Eocene hemerobiid species from the Okanagan Highland deposits of western North America are described: Wesmaelius mathewesisp. nov. (Quilchena, British Columbia, Canada) and Cretomerobius wehrisp. nov. (Republic, Washington, United States of America.). A poorly preserved specimen, possibly Hemerobiidae (Driftwood Canyon, British Columbia, Canada) is discussed. The systematic position of the genus Cretomerobius within the Hemerobiidae is unclear, but it appears to belong within (or possibly as the sister group to) the poorly differentiated Drepanacrinae–Megalominae–Drepanepteryginae grade of subfamilies. Wesmaelius mathewesi is the first fossil species to be assigned, although with some uncertainty, to this otherwise speciose and widely distributed extant genus. It also represents the oldest known material of the subfamily Hemerobiinae. Meso hemerobius jeholensis Ping is removed from the Hemerobiidae and treated as Neuroptera incertae sedis.

Résumé

On trouvera ici la description de deux espèces d'hémérobiidés provenant des sédiments des terres hautes de l'Okanagan dans l'ouest de l'Amérique du Nord, Wesmaelius mathewesisp. nov. (Quilchena, Colombie-Britannique, Canada) et Cretomerobius wehrisp. nov. (Republic, Washington, États-Unis d'Amérique). De plus, un spécimen mal conservé (Driftwood Canyon, Colombie-Britannique, Canada) qui est peut-être un hémérobiidé fait l'objet d'une discussion. La position systématique de Cretomerobius au sein des Hemerobiidae est incertaine, mais le genre semble appartenir au grade mal différencié des sous-familles Depranacrinae–Megalominae–Drepanepteryginae ou alors il peut en être le groupe-soeur. Wesmaelius mathewesi est la première espèce fossile décrite dans ce genre contemporain, par ailleurs riche en espèces et à répartition étendue. C'est aussi le matériel fossile le plus ancien trouvé dans la sous-famille des Hemerobiinae. Mesohemerobius jeholensis Ping est retiré des Hemerobiidae et traité comme une espèce incertae sedis de Neuroptera.

[Traduit par la Rédaction]

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Entomological Society of Canada 2003

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