Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-mqrwx Total loading time: 0.404 Render date: 2022-12-04T22:34:46.545Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

New genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 April 2012

S. Bruce Archibald*
Affiliation:
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States of America
Vladimir N. Makarkin
Affiliation:
Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690022 Russia
*
1 Corresponding author (e-mail: barchibald@oeb.harvard.edu).

Abstract

Microberotha macculloughigen. nov. and sp. nov. from Early Eocene Okanagan Highlands amber of Hat Creek, British Columbia, Canada, is described. This new genus and species represents one of the smallest members of the family Berothidae and the first occurrence of the family in the New World Tertiary. The systematic position of the genus Microberotha within the family is rather unclear, but the structure of the male genitalia indicates a close association with the subfamily Cyrenoberothinae. Stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment of the Hat Creek locality are briefly discussed.

Résumé

On trouvera ici la description de Microberotha macculloughigen. nov. et sp. nov. provenant de l'ambre de l'éocène inférieur de Hat Creek, dans les hautes terres de l'Okanagan, Colombie Britannique, Canada. Cet insecte appartenant à un nouveau genre et une nouvelle espèce est l'un des plus petits de la famille des Berothidae; il représente aussi la première mention de la famille du tertiaire du Nouveau Monde. La position systématique de la genre Microberotha dans la famille est plutôt incertaine, mais les organes sexuels mâles indiquent une forte association avec la sous-famille des Cyrenoberothinae. La stratigraphie et le paléoenvironnement du site de Hat Creek font l'objet d'une courte discussion.

[Traduit par la Rédaction]

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Entomological Society of Canada 2004

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Alonso, J., Arillo, A., Barrón, E., Corral, J.C., Grimalt, J., López, J.F., López, R., Martínez-Delclòs, X., Ortuño, V., Peñalver, E., Trincao, P. 2000. A new fossil resin with biological inclusions in Lower Cretaceous deposits from the Sierra de Cantabria (Álava, Northern Spain, Basque-Cantabrian Basin). Journal of Paleontology 71: 158–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Archibald, S.B., Farrell, B.D. 2003. Wheeler's dilemma. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (Proceedings of the Second Paleoentomological Congress) 46(supplement – fossil insects): 1723Google Scholar
Archibald, S.B., Mathewes, R.W. 2000. Early Eocene insects from Quilchena, British Columbia, and their paleoclimatic implications. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 1441–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aspöck, U. 1986. The present state of knowledge of the family Berothidae (Neuroptera: Planipennia). pp 87101 in Gepp, J., Aspöck, H., Holzel, H. (Eds), Recent Research in Neuropterology, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of Neuropterology, Hamburg, German, 1984. Graz, Austria: Druckhaus ThalerhofGoogle Scholar
Aspöck, U. 1989. Nyrma kervillea Navás — eine Berothide! (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Oesterreichischer Entomologen 41: 1924Google Scholar
Aspöck, U., Aspöck, H. 1979 [1980]. Nyrma kervillea Navás — Wiederentdeckung einer systematisch isolierten Hemerobiiden-Spezies in Kleinasien. Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Oesterreichischer Entomologen 31: 92–6Google Scholar
Aspöck, U., Aspöck, H. 1988. Die Subfamilie Cyrenoberothinae — ein Gondwana-Element? Manselliberotha neuropterologorum n.g. et n. sp. aus S.W.A./Namibia (Neuropteroidea: Neuroptera: Berothidae). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Oesterreichischer Entomologen 40: 113Google Scholar
Aspöck, U., Aspöck, H. 1997. Studies on new and poorly known Rhachiberothidae (Insecta: Neuroptera) from subsaharan Africa. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 99B: 120Google Scholar
Aspöck, U., Mansell, M.W. 1994. A revision of the family Rhachiberothidae Tjeder, 1959, stat. n. (Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology 19: 181206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aspöck, U., Nemeschkal, H.L. 1998. A cladistic analysis of the Berothidae (Neuroptera). Acta Zoologica Fennica 209: 4563Google Scholar
Bachofen-Echt, A. 1949. Der Bernstein und seine Einschlüsse. Wien, Germany: Springer-VerlagCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brooks, S.J., Barnard, P.C. 1990. The green lacewings of the world: a generic review (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 59: 117286Google Scholar
Church, B.N. 1981 (1980). Further studies of the Hat Creek coal deposit. (921/12, 13E). pp 73–8 in Geological fieldwork 1980. Paper 1981–1. Victoria, British Columbia: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum ResourcesGoogle Scholar
Church, B.N., Matheson, A., Hora, Z.D. 1979. Combustion metamorphism in the Hat Creek area, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 16: 1882–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dawson, G.M. 1879. Report on exploration in the southern portion of British Columbia by Mr.Dawson, G.M.. Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Progress from 1877–1878Google Scholar
Erwin, D.M., Stockey, R.A. 1994. Permineralized monocotyledons from the Middle Eocene Princeton chert (Allenby Formation) of British Columbia: Arecaceae. Palaeontographica Abeiling B 234: 1940Google Scholar
Ewing, T.E. 1981. Regional stratigraphy and structural setting of the Kamloops Group, south-central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 18: 1464–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greenwood, D.R., Wing, S.L. 1995. Eocene continental climates and latitudinal temperature gradients. Geology 23: 1044–82.3.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grimaldi, D.A. 1996. Amber: window to the past. New York: Harry N Abrams, Inc, in association with the American Museum of Natural HistoryGoogle Scholar
Grimaldi, D.A. 2000. A diverse fauna of Neuropterodea in amber from the Cretaceous of New Jersey. pp 259303in Grimaldi, D.A. (Ed), Studies on fossils in amber, with particular reference to the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Leiden, the Netherlands: Backhuys PublishersGoogle Scholar
Grimaldi, D.A., Shedrinsky, A., Wampler, T.P. 2000. A remarkable deposit of amber from the Upper Cretaceous (Turonian) of New Jersey. pp 176in Grimaldi, D.A. (Ed), Studies on fossil in amber, with particular reference to the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Leiden, the Netherlands: Backhuys PublishersGoogle Scholar
Grimaldi, D.A., Engel, M.S., Nascimbene, P.C. 2002. Fossiliferous Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma): its rediscovery, biotic diversity, and paleontological significance. American Museum Novitates 3361: 1722.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Handlirsch, A. 19061908. Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Ein Handbuch fuer Palaeontologie und Zoologen. Leipzig, Germany: EngelmannGoogle Scholar
Hopkins, D.J., Johnson, K.R. 1997. First record of cycad leaves from the Eocene Republic flora. Washington Geology 25:37Google Scholar
International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. 1985. International code of zoological nomenclature. 3rd edition. London: International Trust for Zoological NomenclatureGoogle Scholar
Johnson, J.B., Hagen, K.S. 1981. A neuropterous larva uses an allomone to attack termites. Nature (London) 289: 506–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, H. 1979. Depositional environment and stratigraphic subdivision: Hat Creek No. 1 deposit, B.C., Canada. Report A3938. Vancouver, British Columbia: BC Hydro and Power AuthorityGoogle Scholar
Klimaszewski, J., Kevan, DKMcE. 1986. A new lacewing-fly (Neuroptera: Planipennia) from Canadian Cretaceous amber, with an analysis of its fore wing characters. Entomological News 97: 124–32Google Scholar
Krüger, L. 1923. Neuroptera succinica baltica. Die im baltischen Bernstein eingeschlossenen Neuroptera des Westpreussischen Provinzial-Museums (heute Museum für Naturkunde und Vorgeschichte) in Danzig. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 84: 6892Google Scholar
MacKay, B.R. 1926. Hat Creek Coal deposit, B.C. Annual Report for the Minister of Mines for the year 1925, part A. pp A31833Google Scholar
MacLeod, E.G., Adams, P.A. 1967 [1968]. A review of the taxonomy and morphology of the Berothidae, with the description of a new subfamily from Chile (Neuroptera). Psyche 74: 237–65Google Scholar
Makarkin, V.N. 1994. Upper Cretaceous Neuroptera from Russia and Kazakhstan. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 30: 283–92Google Scholar
Martins-Neto, R.G., Vulcano, M.A. 1990. Neurópteros (Insecta: Planipennia) da Formação Santana (Cretáceo Inferior), Bacia do Araripe, nordeste do Brasil. III. Superfamília Mantispoidea. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 34: 619–25Google Scholar
Mathewes, R.W. 2003. An Early Eocene flora from Quilchena, British Columbia and its paleoenvironmental significance. Joint Annual Meeting of the Geological Association of Canada, the Mineralogical Association of Canada and the Society of Economic Geologists, Vancouver, British Columbia, 25–28 May 2003. Vancouver, British Columbia: GAC–MAC–SEG. Volume 28, abstract 736Google Scholar
McAlpine, J.F., Martin, J.E.H. 1966. Canadian amber — a paleontological treasure chest. The Canadian Entomologist 101: 819–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nascimbene, P., Silverstein, H. 2000. The preparation of fragile Cretaceous ambers for conservation and study of organismal inclusions. pp 93102in Grimaldi, D.A. (Ed), Studies on fossils in amber, with particular reference to the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Leiden, the Netherlands: BackhuysGoogle Scholar
Nel, A. 1997. Discovery of a new entomofauna in amber. Meganeura Palaeoentomological Newsletter 1: 23–4. Strasbourg, France: European Science Foundation. Available also online at http://www.ub.es/dpep/meganeura/meganeura.htmGoogle Scholar
New, T.R. 1991. Neuroptera (lacewings). pp 525–42 in Naumann, I.D. (Chief Ed), The insects of Australia. 2nd edition. Volume 1. Melbourne: Melbourne University PressGoogle Scholar
Oswald, J.D. 1993. Revision and cladistic analysis of the world genera of the family Hemerobiidae (Insecta: Neuroptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 101: 143299Google Scholar
Poinar, G.O. Jr. 1992. Life in amber. Stanford, California: Stanford University PressGoogle Scholar
Poinar, G.O. Jr, Archibald, S.B., Brown, A. 1999. New amber deposit provides evidence of Early Paleogene extinctions, paleoclimates, and past distributions. The Canadian Entomologist 131: 171–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Read, P.B. 2000. Geology and industrial minerals of the Tertiary basins, south-central British Columbia. GeoFile 2000–3 [online]. Victoria: Geological Survey Branch, British Columbia Department of Energy and Mines. Available from http://www.em.gov.bc.ca/Mining/Geolsurv/Publications/GeoFiles/Gf2000-3/Gf2000-3toc.htm [accessed 11 May 2002]Google Scholar
Ren, D., Guo, Z. 1996. On the new fossil genera and species of Neuroptera (Insecta) from the Late Jurassic of northeast China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 21: 461–79Google Scholar
Schlüter, T. 1978. Zur Systematik und Palökologie harzkonservierter Arthropoda einer Taphozönose aus dem Cenomanium von NW-Frankreich. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen Reiche A9: 1150Google Scholar
Syncroscopy, (a division of Synoptics Inc). 2002. AUTO-MONTAGE. Version 4.0 [computer program]. Frederick, Maryland: Synoptics Inc (USA)Google Scholar
Tauber, C.A., Tauber, M.J. 1968. Lomamyia latipennis (Neuroptera, Berothidae) life history and larval descriptions. The Canadian Entomologist 100: 623629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tjeder, B. 1959. Neuroptera — Planipennia. The lace-wings of Southern Africa. 2. Family Berothidae. pp 256314 in Hanström, B., Brinck, P., Rudebec, G. (Eds), South African animal life. Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951. Volume 6. Uppsala, Sweden: Almqvist and Wiksells Boktryckri AbGoogle Scholar
Verschoor, K.v.R. 1974. Paleobotany of the Tertiary (early Middle Eocene) McAbee Beds, British Columbia. MSc thesis, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AlbertaGoogle Scholar
Wehr, W.C., Manchester, S.R. 1996. Paleobotanical significance of Eocene flowers, fruits, and seeds from Republic, Washington. Washington Geology 24: 2527Google Scholar
Weitschat, W., Wichard, W. 1998. Atlas der Pflanzen und Tiere im Baltischen Bernstein. München, Germany: Friedrich Pfeil VerlagGoogle Scholar
Whalley, P.E.S. 1980. Neuroptera (Insecta) in amber from the Lower Cretaceous of Lebanon. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology 33: 157–64Google Scholar
Willmann, R. 1990. The phylogenetic position of the Rhachiberothinae and the basal sister-group relationships within the Mantispidae. Systematic Entomology 15: 253–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willmann, R. 1994. Die phylogenetische Position ursprunglicher Mantispidae (Insecta, Planipennia) aus dem Mesozoikum und Alt-Tertiar. Verhandlungen des Vereins fuer Naturwissenschaftlichen Unterhaltung zu Hamburg 34: 177203Google Scholar
Wilson, M.V.H. 1980. Eocene lake environments: depth and distance-from-shore variation in fish, insect and plant assemblages. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 32: 2144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wing, S.L., Greenwood, D.R. 1993. Fossils and fossil climate: the case for equable continental interiors in the Eocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 341. pp 243–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zimmerman, E.C. 1957. Order Neuroptera. pp 19169in Insects of Hawaii. Volume 6. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i PressGoogle Scholar
17
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

New genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

New genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

New genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *