Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-d5zgf Total loading time: 0.292 Render date: 2021-03-03T14:38:36.706Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Sublethal and transgenerational effects of alphamethrin on life history traits of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae), a malaria mosquito

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2017

T.P.N. Hariprasad
Affiliation:
Centre for Applied Genetics, Jnana Bharathi, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 056, India
N.J. Shetty
Affiliation:
Professor Emeritus, Centre for Applied Genetics, Jnana Bharathi, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 056, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae), an urban malaria vector in India, is controlled by insecticides. Sublethal concentrations can be effective in reducing mosquito populations and disease transmission by reducing its reproductive fitness. In this study, sublethal effects of alphamethrin, a synthetic pyrethroid, were assessed on selected fitness parameters. Late third instars of the Goraguntepalya strain, Bangalore, were exposed to three sublethal doses, LC10 – 0.00006, LC30 – 0.0004, and LC50 – 0.0014 mg/L and their effects on fecundity, egg hatchability, sex ratio, and longevity in parental, F1 and F2 generations. The morphology of gonads, pattern of pupation, and adult emergence were also assessed. We found a significant reduction in fecundity and hatchability among the sublethal concentrations as well as across generations. Survival analysis showed significant reduction in lifespan of exposed groups. Delay in pupation, eclosion, and no distortion in sex ratio was observed. The results suggest that sublethal concentrations of alphamethrin may have negative effects on exposed individuals and subsequent generations.

Type
Insect Management
Copyright
© Entomological Society of Canada 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

1 Present Address: Yenepoya Research Centre, Yenepoya University, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575018, India.

Subject editor: Kateryn Rochon

References

Aguilera, L., Marquetti, M.C., Navarro, A., and Bisset, J. 1995. Effects of three organophosphorus insecticides in the reproductive potential of Culex quinquefasciatus . Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 90: 411413.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aiku, A.O., Yates, A., and Rowland, M. 2006. Laboratory evaluation of pyriproxifen treated bednets on mosquito fertility and fecundity. A preliminary study. West African Journal of Medicine, 25: 2226.Google ScholarPubMed
Ali, A., Xue, R.D., and Barnard, D.R. 2006. Effects of sublethal exposure to boric acid sugar bait on adult survival, host-seeking, bloodfeeding behavior, and reproduction of Stegomyia albopicta . Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 22: 464468.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Biondi, A., Desneux, N., Siscaro, G., and Zappalà, L. 2012a. Using organic-certified rather than synthetic pesticides may not be safer for biological control agents: selectivity and side effects of 14 pesticides on the predator Orius laevigatus . Chemosphere, 87: 803812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biondi, A., Mommaerts, V., Smagghe, G., Viñuela, E., Zappalà, L., and Desneux, N. 2012b. The non-target impact of spinosyns on beneficial arthropods. Pest Management Science, 68: 15231536.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broadbent, A.B. and Pree, D.J. 1984. Effects of diflubenzuron and BAY SIR 8514 on the oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae) and the oblique banded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 77: 194197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carle, P.R., Coz, J., Elissa, N., Gasquet, M., Sannier, C., Richard, A., and Timon-David, P. 1986. Activite antiplasmodique intravectorielle d’un pyrethinoid: la deltamethrine. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, 330: 565568.Google Scholar
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015. Anopheles mosquitoes. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/biology/mosquitoes/ [accessed 26 December 2015].Google Scholar
Desneux, N., Decourtye, A., and Delpuech, J.M. 2007. The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology, 52: 81106.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Finney, D.J. 1971. Probit analysis. 3rd edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.Google Scholar
Gammon, D.W., Brown, M.A., and Casida, J.E. 1981. Two classes of pyrethroid action in the cockroach. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 15: 181191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glunt, K.D., Thomas, M.B., and Read, A.F. 2011. The effects of age, exposure history and malaria infection on the susceptibility of Anopheles mosquitoes to low concentrations of pyrethroid. Public Library of Science One, 6: e24968, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024968.Google ScholarPubMed
Gourley, S.A., Liu, R., and Wu, J. 2011. Slowing the evolution of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes: a mathematical model. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, 467: 21272148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guo, L., Desneux, N., Sonoda, S., Liang, P., Han, P., and Gao, X. 2013. Sublethal and transgenerational effects of chlorantraniliprole on biological traits of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. Crop Protection, 48: 2934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haynes, K.F. 1988. Sublethal effects of neurotoxic insecticides on insect behavior. Annual Review of Entomology, 33: 149168.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Insecticide Resistance Action Committee. 2011. Prevention and management of insecticide resistance in vectors of public health importance [online]. Insecticide Resistance Action Committee. Available from http://www.irac-online.org/content/uploads/VM-layout-v2.6_LR.pdf [accessed 9 September 2016].Google Scholar
Lee, C.Y. 2000. Sublethal effects of insecticides on longevity, fecundity and behaviour of insect pests: a review. Journal of Bioscience, 11: 107112.Google Scholar
Liu, N. 2015. Insecticide resistance in mosquitoes: impact, mechanisms, and research directions. Annual Review of Entomology, 60: 537559.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lund, A.E. and Narahashi, T. 1981. Modification of sodium channel kinetics by the insecticide tetramethrin in crayfish giant axons. Neurotoxicology, 2: 213229.Google ScholarPubMed
Maddrell, S.H.P. and Reynolds, S.E. 1972. Release of hormones in insects after poisoning with insecticides. Nature, 236: 404406.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mbare, O., Lindsay, S.W., and Fillinger, U. 2013. Dose-response tests and semi-field evaluation of lethal and sub-lethal effects of slow release pyriproxyfen granules (Sumilarv(R) 0.5G) for the control of the malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae sensu lato [online]. Malaria Journal, 12: 94, doi: 1475-2875-12-94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Minn, Z.M. and Shetty, N.J. 2008. Toxicological effect of malathion and alphamethrin on reproductive potential in Aedes aegypti, a yellow fever mosquito. Pestology, 32: 3943.Google Scholar
Molina-Cruz, A., DeJong, R.J., Charles, B., Gupta, L., Kumar, S., Jaramillo-Gutierrez, G., and Barillas-Mury, C. 2008. Reactive oxygen species modulate Anopheles gambiae immunity against bacteria and Plasmodium . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283: 32173223.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nayar, J.K. and Sauerman, D.M. 1970. A comparative study and development in Florida mosquito. I. Effects of environmental factors on ontogenetic timings, endogenous diurnal rhythm and synchrony of pupation and emergence. Journal of Medical Entomology, 7: 163174.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Newton, M.E., Wood, R.J., and Southern, D.I. 1976. A cytogenetic analysis of meiotic drive in the mosquito, Aedes aegypti (L.). Genetica, 46: 297318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perez, C.M., Marina, C.F., Bond, J.G., Rojas, J.C., Valle, J., and Williams, T. 2007. Spinosad, a naturally derived insecticide, for control of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae): efficacy, persistence, and elirefd oviposition response. Journal of Medical Entomology, 44: 631638.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Priyalakshmi, B.L., Rajashree, B.H., Ghosh, C., and Shetty, N.J. 1999. Effect of fenitrothion, deltamethrin and cypermethrin on reproductive potential and longevity of life cycle in Anopheles stephensi Liston, a malaria mosquito. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 23: 125128.Google Scholar
Ranson, H., Abdallah, H., Badolo, A., Guelbeogo, W.M., Kerah-Hinzoumbé, C., Yangalbé-Kalnoné, E., et al. 2009. Insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae: data from the first year of a multi-country study highlight the extent of the problem. Malaria Journal, 8: 299, doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ranson, H., N’Guessan, R., Lines, J., Moiroux, N., Nkuni, Z., and Corbel, V. 2011. Pyrethroid resistance in African anopheline mosquitoes: what are the implications for malaria control? Trends in Parasitology, 27: 9198.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reyes-Villanueva, F., Juarez-Eguia, M., and Flores-Leal, A. 1990. Effects of sublethal dosages of Abate upon adult fecundity and longevity of Aedes aegypti . Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 6: 739741.Google ScholarPubMed
Robert, L.L. and Olson, J.K. 1989. Effects of sublethal dosages of insecticides on Culex quinquefasciatus . Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 5: 239246.Google ScholarPubMed
Rowland, M. and Hemingway, J. 1987. Changes in malathion resistance with age in Anopheles stephensi from Pakistan. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 28: 239247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rust, M.K. 1995. Factors affecting control with residual insecticide deposits. In Understanding and controlling the German cockroach. Edited by M.K. Rust, J.M. Owens, and D.A. Reierson. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, United States of America. Pp. 149169.Google Scholar
Sanil, D. and Shetty, N.J. 2012. The effect of sublethal exposure to temephos and propoxur on reproductive fitness and its influence on circadian rhythms of pupation and adult emergence in Anopheles stephensi Liston-a malaria vector. Parasitology Research, 111: 423432.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shetty, N.J. 1983. Chromosomal translocations and semisterility in the malaria vector Anopheles fluviatilis James. Indian Journal of Malariology, 20: 4548.Google Scholar
Shetty, N.J. 1997. Genetic control of mosquito vectors of diseases. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 21: 113121.Google Scholar
Shetty, N.J. 2002. The genetic control of Anopheles stephensi - a malaria mosquito. In Trends in malaria and vaccine research: the current Indian scenario. Edited by D. Raghunath and R. Nayak. Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, India. Pp. 4479.Google Scholar
Stark, J.D. and Banks, J.E. 2003. Population-level effects of pesticides and other toxicants on arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology, 48: 505519.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tan, Y., Biondi, A., Desneux, N., and Gao, X.W. 2012. Assessment of physiological sublethal effects of imidacloprid on the mirid bug Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür). Ecotoxicology, 21: 19891997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vasuki, V. 1992. Adult longevity of certain mosquito species after larval and pupal exposure to sublethal concentration of an insect growth regulator, hexaflumuron. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 23: 121124.Google ScholarPubMed
Windbichler, N., Papathanos, P.A., Catteruccia, F., Ranson, H., Burt, A., and Crisanti, A. 2007. Homing endonuclease mediated gene targeting in Anopheles gambiae cells and embryos. Nucleic Acids Research, 35: 59225933.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Windbichler, N., Papathanos, P.A., and Crisanti, A. 2008. Targeting the X chromosome during spermatogenesis induces Y chromosome transmission ratio distortion and early dominant embryo lethality in Anopheles gambiae . Public Library of Science Genetics, 4: e1000291.Google ScholarPubMed
World Health Organization. 2005. Guidelines for laboratory and field testing of mosquito larvicides. WHO/CDS/WHOPES/GCDPP/2005.13 Available from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/69101/1/WHO_CDS_WHOPES_GCDPP_2005.13.pdf [accessed 9 September 2016].Google Scholar
World Health Organization. 2009. Recommended insecticides for indoor residual spraying against malaria vectors [online]. Available from www.who.int/whopes/Insecticides_IRS_Malaria_09.pdf [accessed 9 September 2016].Google Scholar
World Health Organization. 2012. Factsheet on the world malaria report 2012 [online]. Available from http://www.who.int/malaria/media/world_malaria_report_2012_facts/en [accessed 21 October 2016].Google Scholar
World Health Organization. 2013. Test procedures for insecticide resistance monitoring in malaria vector mosquitoes. Available from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/80139/1/9789241505154_eng.pdf?ua=1 [accessed 21 October 2016].Google Scholar
World Health Organization. 2015. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data. Available from http://www.who.int/gho/malaria/insecticide_resistance/en [accessed on 21 December 2015].Google Scholar
Zaim, M. and Guillet, P. 2002. Alternative insecticides: an urgent need. Trends in Parasitology, 18: 161163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zin, T. and Shetty, N.J. 2008. Sublethal effect of bifenthrin and neem on fecundity, hatchability and sex ratio of Anopheles stephensi Liston, a malaria mosquito. Pestology, 32: 3944.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 15
Total number of PDF views: 65 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 07th February 2017 - 3rd March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Sublethal and transgenerational effects of alphamethrin on life history traits of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae), a malaria mosquito
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Sublethal and transgenerational effects of alphamethrin on life history traits of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae), a malaria mosquito
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Sublethal and transgenerational effects of alphamethrin on life history traits of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae), a malaria mosquito
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *