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An Early Eocene bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) from Quilchena, British Columbia

  • Michael S. Engel (a1) and S. Bruce Archibald (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

A fossil halictine bee from Early Eocene, Okanagan Highlands deposits of Quilchena, British Columbia, Canada, is described and figured. Halictus? savenyeisp.nov. is distinguished from other Tertiary halictines as well as modern bees. The specimen is the second oldest body fossil of a bee yet discovered and the first fossil bee from Canada. The antiquity of Halictidae and of bees in general is briefly commented upon.

Résumé

On trouvera ici la description illustrée d'une abeille halictinée fossile de l'Éocène inférieur provenant des sédiments des Hautes Terres d'Okanagan à Quilchena, Colombie-Britannique, Canada. Halictus? savenyeisp.nov. se distingue des autres Halictinae du Tertiaire et des abeilles modernes. Il s'agit là du deuxième plus vieux fossile du corps d'une abeille jamais trouvé et le premier fossile d'une abeille découvert au Canada. L'ancienneté des Halictidae et des abeilles en général fait l'objet d'un bref commentaire.

[Traduit par la Rédaction]

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S.B. Archibald , R.W. Mathewes 2000. Early Eocene insects from Quilchena, British Columbia, and their paleoclimatic implications. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 1441–62

J.M.F. Camargo , D.A. Grimaldi , S.R.M. Pedro 2000. The extinct fauna of stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) in Dominican amber: two new species and redescription of the male of Proplebeia dominicana (Wille and Chandler). American Museum Novitates 3293: 124

B.N. Danforth 2002. Evolution of sociality in a primitively eusocial lineage of bees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 286–90

D.K. Elliott , J.D. Nations 1998. Bee burrows in the Late Cretaceous (Late Cenomanian) Dakota Formation, northeastern Arizona. Ichnos 5: 243–53

M.S. Engel 2000. A new interpretation of the oldest fossil bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae). American Museum Novitates 3296: 111

M.S. Engel 2001 a. Monophyly and extensive extinction of advanced eusocial bees: insights from an unexpected Eocene diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98: 1661–4

M.S. Engel 2001 b. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1192

T.E. Ewing 1981. Regional stratigraphy and structural setting of the Kamloops Group, south-central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 18: 1464–77

J.F. Genise , J.C. Sciutto , J.H. Laza , M.G. González , E.S. Bellosi 2002. Fossil bee nests, coleopteran pupal chambers and tuffaceous paleosols from the Late Cretaceous Laguna Palacios Formation, Central Patagonia (Argentina). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 177: 215–35

S. Lidgard , P.R. Crane 1988. Quantitative analyses of the early angiosperm radiation. Nature (London) 331: 344–6

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The Canadian Entomologist
  • ISSN: 0008-347X
  • EISSN: 1918-3240
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-entomologist
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